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Clustered Lysine Residues of the Canine Distemper Virus Matrix Protein Regulate Membrane Association and Budding Activity.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Kadzioch Nicole P, Gast Matthieu, Origgi Francesco, Plattet Philippe,
Project Paramyxovirus cell exit: from basics to drug discovery strategies
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of virology
Volume (Issue) 95(1)
Page(s) 1 - 18
Title of proceedings Journal of virology
DOI 10.1128/jvi.01269-20

Abstract

Although vaccines against some morbilliviruses exist, infections still occur, which can result in dramatic brain disease or fatal outcome. Postexposure prophylaxis with antivirals would support global vaccination campaigns. Unfortunately, there is no efficient antiviral drug currently approved. The matrix (M) protein of morbilliviruses coordinates viral assembly and egress through interaction with multiple cellular and viral components. However, molecular mechanisms supporting these functions remain poorly understood, which preclude the rationale design of inhibitors. Here, to investigate potential interactions between canine distemper virus (CDV) M and the plasma membrane (PM), we combined structure-guided mutagenesis of selected surface-exposed lysine residues with biochemical, cellular, and virological assays. We identified several lysines clustering in a basic patch microdomain of the CDV M C-terminal domain, which contributed to PM association and budding activity. Our findings provide novel mechanistic information of how morbilliviruses assemble and egress from infected cells, thereby delivering bases for future antiviral drug development.
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