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Dimerization of the Vacuolar Receptors AtRMR1 and -2 from Arabidopsis thaliana Contributes to Their Localization in the trans-Golgi Network

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Occhialini Alessandro, Gouzerh Guillaume, Di Sansebastiano Gian Pietro, Neuhaus Jean-Marc,
Project Biogenesis and functions of different vacuoles in plants
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume (Issue) 17(10)
Page(s) 1661 - 1681
Title of proceedings International Journal of Molecular Sciences
DOI 10.3390/ijms17101661

Open Access

URL http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/17/10/1661
Type of Open Access Website

Abstract

In Arabidopsis thaliana, different types of vacuolar receptors were discovered. The AtVSR (Vacuolar Sorting Receptor) receptors are well known to be involved in the traffic to lytic vacuole (LV), while few evidences demonstrate the involvement of the receptors from AtRMR family (Receptor Membrane RING-H2) in the traffic to the protein storage vacuole (PSV). In this study we focused on the localization of two members of AtRMR family, AtRMR1 and -2, and on the possible interaction between these two receptors in the plant secretory pathway. Our experiments with agroinfiltrated Nicotiana benthamiana leaves demonstrated that AtRMR1 was localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), while AtRMR2 was targeted to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) due to the presence of a cytosolic 23-amino acid sequence linker. The fusion of this linker to an equivalent position in AtRMR1 targeted this receptor to the TGN, instead of the ER. By using a Bimolecular Fluorescent Complementation (BiFC) technique and experiments of co-localization, we demonstrated that AtRMR2 can make homodimers, and can also interact with AtRMR1 forming heterodimers that locate to the TGN. Such interaction studies strongly suggest that the transmembrane domain and the few amino acids surrounding it, including the sequence linker, are essential for dimerization. These results suggest a new model of AtRMR trafficking and dimerization in the plant secretory pathway.
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