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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Revista Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación
Volume (Issue) 17(20)
Page(s) 11 - 30
Title of proceedings Revista Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación

Open Access


The current global reality shows a strong climate crisis that after several decades of debates is being prioritized at different levels of societal organization. Considering a possible sixth mass extinction on the planet, the climate crisis generates questions in multiple dimensions, and generates a reconsideration of the paradigms that guided the forms of development that humanity has implemented in search of its wellbeing. In this context, the care and conservation of biodiversity is of vital importance, being this the source that generates the biophysical conditions necessary for life, where mountains play an important role in the daily recreation of life as we know it on Earth. They give home to 12% of the population and 50% of the world's most biodiverse sources, but, above all, within their multiple environmental functions, the mountains supply fresh water for at least 50% of the population. In this article, and from an epistemological approach, the various paradigms that have originated the multidimensional crises are analyzed, as well as the civilizing proposals that emerge in the Global South as alternatives to the hegemonic development model, specifically the public policy of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, in order to identify possible relevant paths to resilience and care for life in all its expression.