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Emotional Justification

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Echeverri Santiago,
Project Sensing as Activity: Its Impact on the Structure of Perceptual and Emotional Experience
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
Page(s) 541 - 566
Title of proceedings Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
DOI 10.1111/phpr.12453

Abstract

Theories of emotional justification investigate the conditions under which emotions are epistemically justified or unjustified. I make three contributions to this research program. First, I show that we can generalize some familiar epistemological concepts and distinctions to emotional experiences. Second, I use these concepts and distinctions to display the limits of the ‘simple view’ of emotional justification. On this approach, the justification of emotions stems only from the contents of the mental states they are based on, also known as their cognitive bases. The simple view faces the ‘gap problem’: If cognitive bases and emotions (re)present their objects and properties in different ways, then cognitive bases are not sufficient to justify emotions. Third, I offer a novel solution to the gap problem based on emotional dispositions. This solution (1) draws a line between the justification of basic and non-basic emotions, (2) preserves a broadly cognitivist view of emotions, (3) avoids a form of value skepticism that threatens inferentialist views of emotional justification, and (4) sheds new light on the structure of our epistemic access to evaluative properties.
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