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Review article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of Hellenic Religion
Volume (Issue) 11
Page(s) 69 - 92
Title of proceedings Journal of Hellenic Religion

Open Access


The multifaceted cult of Poseidon was shaped in the Aegean Bronze Age and spread in its diversity over the Greek world. For the area of ancient Macedonia only two sanctuaries of Poseidon are safely identified, both situated on the Chalcidice peninsula in Northern Greece. The significant Ποσειδώνιον at Cape Poseidi on Pallene represents an extraurban sanctuary of The nearby ancient city of Mende – has an ash-altar dating to the 12th century BC and one of the oldest apsidal cult buildings known in Greece, dating to the 10th century BC. The other of Poseidon’s sanctuaries is associated with Potidaea, which according to a literary source, was the sole colony of the Corinthians in the Chalcidice on the isthmus of Pallene. The archaic coinage depicts the city’s patron god Poseidon Hippios, whose temple has been located outside of the city. The paper aims to outline the origins and the variety of Poseidon’s worship in combination with the investigation of the god’s divine character on the Chalcidice. The preliminary sketch is based on archaeological information discussed with myth, history and the literary and numismatic record.