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Clues that decaying leaves enrich Arctic air with ice nucleating particles

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Conen F., Stopelli E., Zimmermann L.,
Project Biological ice nucleators at tropospheric cloud height (4th year)
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Atmospheric Environment
Volume (Issue) 129
Page(s) 91 - 94
Title of proceedings Atmospheric Environment
DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.01.027

Open Access

Abstract

Decaying leaves from Arctic regions have previously been reported to produce large numbers of ice nucleating particles (IN). Their atmospheric relevance is unclear. Our initial observations at a coastal mountain observatory in northern Norway reveal a tripling in concentrations of IN active at −15 °C (IN-15) in oceanic air after about one day of passage over land (from 1.7 and 4.9 IN-15 m−3, to 9.6 and 12.2 IN-15 m−3). Analysis of leaf litter collected near the observatory supports the earlier report of numerous IN associated with leaf litter on the ground (2 ⋅ 102 IN-15 μg−1 litter particles < 5 μm). Together, both findings suggest that decaying leaves are a strong emission source of IN to the Arctic boundary layer.
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