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Energetic Particle Influence on the Earth's Atmosphere

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Review article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2015
Author Mironova Irina A., Aplin Karen L., Arnold Frank, Bazilevskaya Galina A., Harrison R. Giles, Krivolutsky Alexei A., Nicoll Keri A., Rozanov Eugene V., Turunen Esa, Usoskin Ilya G.,
Project Future and Past Solar Influence on the Terrestrial Climate II
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Review article (peer-reviewed)

Volume (Issue) 194(1-4)
Page(s) 1 - 96
Title of proceedings SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
DOI 10.1007/s11214-015-0185-4


This manuscript gives an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the effects of energetic particle precipitation (EPP) onto the whole atmosphere, from the lower ther- mosphere/mesosphere through the stratosphere and troposphere, to the surface. The paper summarizes the different sources and energies of particles, principally galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), solar energetic particles (SEPs) and energetic electron precipitation (EEP). All the proposed mechanisms by which EPP can affect the atmosphere are discussed, including chemical changes in the upper atmosphere and lower thermosphere, chemistry-dynamics feedbacks, the global electric circuit and cloud formation. The role of energetic particles in Earth’s atmosphere is a multi-disciplinary problem that requires expertise from a range of scientific backgrounds. To assist with this synergy, summary tables are provided, which are intended to evaluate the level of current knowledge of the effects of energetic particles on processes in the entire atmosphere.