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Fun/intoxication pre-drinking motives lead indirectly to more alcohol-related consequences via increased alcohol consumption on a given night

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Smit Koen, Kuntsche Emmanuel, Anderson-Luxford Dan, Labhart Florian,
Project Dusk2Dawn: Characterizing Youth Nightlife Spaces, Activities, and Drinks
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Addictive Behaviors
Page(s) 0
Title of proceedings Addictive Behaviors

Open Access

URL http://publications.idiap.ch/index.php/publications/show/4429
Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)

Abstract

Introduction: Pre-drinking increases alcohol use on drinking nights, which is associated with various adverse alcohol-related consequences but what motivates people to do so, i.e. the role of pre-drinking motives (PDM) in this link, is unclear. The current study examined a) the association of three PDM factors (fun/intoxication, facilitation, and conviviality) with average night-level alcohol use, b) whether PDM are associated with adverse alcohol-related consequences (hangover, drunk driving, blackout, risky sex, injury, and fights) and c) whether PDM mediates the link between night-level alcohol use and negative consequences. Methods: A sample of 204 young adult nightlife goers (48.8\% males, Mage = 19 SD = 2.4) from Switzerland reported PDM at baseline, and subsequently participated in a 2-month event-level study. Regressions models assessed direct and mediated associations. Results: Fun/intoxication PDM predicted alcohol use in subsequent drinking nights (11.3 nights per participant on average), but not the two other PDM. No direct link between PDM and consequences was found. However, fun/intoxication PDM lead indirectly to more adverse consequences through higher alcohol use. Conclusion: This study shows that predominantly ‘fun/intoxication’ predrinkers are at increased risk for alcohol consumption and consequences, but not those who predrink for conviviality or facilitation motives. The outcomes thus suggest the importance of specific PDM in preventing alcohol use for instance by tailoring interventions based on individuals’ PDM in order to curb drinking and its associated consequences among young adults on weekend nights out.
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