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Exploitation of Phase-based Features for Whispered Speech Emotion Recognition

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Deng J. Xu X. Zhang Z. Frühholz S. Schuller B. ,
Project Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Auditory Perception - Challenging The Human Auditory System at The Limits of Hearing
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal IEEE Access
Page(s) 4299 - 4299
Title of proceedings IEEE Access
DOI 10.1109/access.2016.2591442


Features for speech emotion recognition are usually dominated by the spectral magnitude information while they ignore the use of the phase spectrum because of the difficulty of properly interpreting it. Motivated by recent successes of phase-based features for speech processing, this paper investigates the effectiveness of phase information for whispered speech emotion recognition. We select two types of phase-based features (i.e., modified group delay features and all-pole group delay features), both which have shown wide applicability to all sorts of different speech analysis and are now studied in whispered speech emotion recognition. When exploiting these features, we propose a new speech emotion recognition framework, employing outer product in combination with power and L2 normalization. The according technique encodes any variable length sequence of the phase-based features into a fixed dimension vector regardless of the length of the input sequence. The resulting representation is fed to train a classification model with a linear kernel classifier. Experimental results on the Geneva Whispered Emotion Corpus database, including normal and whispered phonation, demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method when compared with other modern systems. It is also shown that, combining phase information with magnitude information could significantly improve performance over the common systems solely adopting magnitude information.