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Envelope Protein Dynamics in Paramyxovirus Entry.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Review article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2013
Author Plattet Philippe, Plemper Richard K,
Project Molecular determinants of Morbillivirus-induced non-cytolytic cell-to-cell spread
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Review article (peer-reviewed)

Journal mBio
Volume (Issue) 4(4)
Page(s) 1 - 9
Title of proceedings mBio
DOI 10.1128/mBio.00413-13


ABSTRACT Paramyxoviruses include major pathogens with significant global health and economic impact. This large family of enveloped RNA viruses infects cells by employing two surface glycoproteins that tightly cooperate to fuse their lipid envelopes with the target cell plasma membrane, an attachment and a fusion (F) protein. Membrane fusion is believed to depend on receptor-induced conformational changes within the attachment protein that lead to the activation and subsequent refolding of F. While structural and mechanistic studies have considerably advanced our insight into paramyxovirus cell adhesion and the structural basis of F refolding, how precisely the attachment protein links receptor engagement to F triggering remained poorly understood. Recent reports based on work with several paramyxovirus family members have transformed our understanding of the triggering mechanism of the membrane fusion machinery. Here, we review these recent findings, which (i) offer a broader mechanistic understanding of the paramyxovirus cell entry system, (ii) illuminate key similarities and differences between entry strategies of different paramyxovirus family members, and (iii) suggest new strategies for the development of novel therapeutics.