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Musculoskeletal System

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Contribution to book (peer-reviewed)
Author HaeuslerMartin, BenderNicole, AldakakLafi, GalassiFrancesco M. , EppenbergerPatrick , HennebergMaciej, Rühli Frank,
Project Birth and human evolution - implications from computer-assisted reconstructions
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Contribution to book (peer-reviewed)

Book Oxford Handbook on Evolutionary Medicine
Editor , Brüne Martin; , Schiefenhövel Wulf
Publisher Press, Oxford
Page(s) 269 - 300
ISBN 9780198789666
Title of proceedings Oxford Handbook on Evolutionary Medicine
DOI 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198789666.001.0001

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


pozaThe chapter on the musculoskeletal system aims at giving an overview on the evolutionary implications for health and diseases of this body system. Using specific examples, this chapter shows how musculoskeletal diseases develop from an evolutionary point of view, with a specific emphasis on mismatches between the evolved human body and the modern environment, as well as on consequences of human bipedal gait. We discuss the evolutionary aetiology of common musculoskeletal disorders as a consequence of mismatch to the modern world, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, flat feet, osteoporosis, and impacted third molars. As a consequence of the passage to bipedalism we discuss the evolutionary background of low back pain, knee and hip arthritis. We conclude with a discussion of implications for treatment and prevention of musculoskeletal diseases, focusing on the life course approach to health. In fact, every life stage shows specific needs and asks for specific interventions in order to optimally maintain musculoskeletal health up to old age.