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Composition Space Analysis in the Development of Copper Molybdate Hybrids Decorated by a Bifunctional Pyrazolyl/1,2,4-Triazole Ligand

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Lysenko Andrey B., Senchyk Ganna A., Lukashuk Liliana V., Domasevitch Konstantin V., Handke Marcel, Lincke Jörg, Krautscheid Harald, Rusanov Eduard B., Krämer Karl W., Decurtins Silvio, Liu Shi-Xia,
Project Dimensional and Anisotropy Control of Model Quantum Magnets
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Inorganic Chemistry
Volume (Issue) 55(1)
Page(s) 239 - 250
Title of proceedings Inorganic Chemistry
DOI 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02188

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


A bitopic ligand, 4-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-4-yl)-1,2,4-triazole (Hpz-tr) (1), containing two different heterocyclic moieties was employed for the design of copper(II)−molybdate solids under hydrothermal conditions. In the multicomponent CuII/Hpz-tr/MoVI system, a diverse set of coordination hybrids, [Cu(Hpz-tr)2SO4]·3H2O (2), [Cu(Hpztr) Mo3O10] (3), [Cu4(OH)4(Hpz-tr)4Mo8O26]·6H2O (4), [Cu(Hpz-tr)2Mo4O13] (5), and [Mo2O6(Hpz-tr)]·H2O (6), was prepared and characterized. A systematic investigation of these systems in the form of a ternary crystallization diagram approach was utilized to show the influence of the molar ratios of starting reagents, the metal (CuII and MoVI) sources, the temperature, etc., on the reaction products outcome. Complexes 2−4 dominate throughout a wide crystallization range of the composition triangle, while the other two compounds 5 and 6 crystallize as minor phases in a narrow concentration range. In the crystal structures of 2−6, the organic ligand behaves as a short [N−N]-triazole linker between metal centers Cu···Cu in 2−4, Cu···Mo in 5, and Mo···Mo in 6, while the pyrazolyl function remains uncoordinated. This is the reason for the exceptional formation of low-dimensional coordination motifs: 1D for 2, 4, and 6 and 2D for 3 and 5. In all cases, the pyrazolyl group is involved in H bonding (H-donor/H-acceptor) and is responsible for π−π stacking, thus connecting the chain and layer structures in more complicated H-bonding architectures. These compounds possess moderate thermal stability up to 250−300 °C. The magnetic measurements were performed for 2−4, revealing in all three cases antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between neighboring CuII centers and long-range order with a net moment below Tc of 13 K for compound 4.