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Parallel HDR Tone Mapping and Auto-focus on a Cellular Processor Array Vision Chip

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Proceedings (peer-reviewed)
Author Martel Julien N.P., Müller Lorenz K., Carey Stephen J., Dudek Piotr,
Project Biological Information in Cortical Communication
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Proceedings (peer-reviewed)

Title of proceedings Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2016 IEEE International Symposium on
Place Montreal
DOI 10.1109/iscas.2016.7527519

Abstract

To improve computational efficiency, it may be advantageous to transfer part of the intelligence lying in the core of a system to its sensors. Vision sensors equipped with small programmable processors at each pixel allow us to follow this principle in so-called near-focal plane processing, which is performed on-chip directly where light is being collected. Such devices need then only to communicate relevant pre-processed visual information to other parts of the system. In this work, we demonstrate how two classical problems, namely high dynamic range imaging and auto-focus, can be solved efficiently using two simple parallel algorithms implemented on such a chip. We illustrate with these two examples that embedding uncomplicated algorithms on-chip, directly where information acquisition takes place can replace more complex dedicated post-processing. Adapting data acquisition by bringing processing at the sensor level allows us to explore solutions that would not be feasible in a conventional sensor-ADC-processor pipeline.
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