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Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in German-speaking countries: comparing prevalence rates from three community samples.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2013
Author Plener Paul L, Fischer Constanze J, In-Albon Tina, Rollett Brigitte, Nixon Mary K, Groschwitz Rebecca C, Schmid Marc,
Project Emotionserkennung und Facial Mimicry bei Jugendlichen mit Selbstverletzendem Verhalten
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
Volume (Issue) 48(9)
Page(s) 1439 - 45
Title of proceedings Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
DOI 10.1007/s00127-012-0645-z


PURPOSE Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been recognized as a significant mental health problem in adolescence with high prevalence rates. To date, there are few studies that compare rates of adolescent NSSI between different countries. Thus far no prevalence rates of adolescent NSSI have been reported for Austrian or Swiss community samples. METHODS This study aimed to assess and compare rates of adolescent NSSI in school samples from Austria, Germany and Switzerland using the same assessment instrument (Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory; OSI). RESULTS Within these countries, 6-month prevalence rates between 7.6 and 14.6% were found, with rates showing significant differences between countries (χ² = 16.54, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS These results demonstrate with some variability the significant rates of NSSI in youth in a cross-country study.