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Rheological transition during large strain deformation of melting and crystallizing metapelites.

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Review article (peer-reviewed)
Publication date 2014
Author Misra S. Burg J.-P. Mainprice D. and Vigneresse J.-L.,
Project Rheology and evolution of physical properties with increasing temperature and strain in illite+quartz and muscovite+quartz systems
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Review article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
Volume (Issue) B119(5)
Page(s) 3971 - 3985
Title of proceedings Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
DOI 10.1002/2013JB010777

Open Access

Abstract

Torsion experiments ((gamma) over dot = 3 x 10(-4)s(-1)) were performed to investigate the large strain (gamma(max) = 15) rheology on quartz-muscovite aggregate as analogue to pelitic rocks undergoing melting and crystallization during deformation at 300 MPa confining pressure and 750 degrees C temperature. Microstructures reveal four distinct but gradational stages of crystal-melt interactions during deformation-(a) solid state deformation, (b) initiation and domination of partial melting, (c) simultaneous partial melting and crystallization, and (d) domination of crystallization. The microstructural stages are linked to the rheology of the deforming samples. Partial melting starts at relatively low finite shear strains (gamma = 1-3) showing approximately 60% strain softening. At gamma = 4-10 the partially molten bulk material shows a steady state flow at low stress. Further crystallization of new crystals at the expense of melt between gamma = 10 and 15 causes weak strain hardening until the material fails by developing brittle fractures. The stress exponent (n), calculated at gamma = 1, 5, and 10, increases from similar to 3 to similar to 43, indicating a transition from power to power law breakdown or exponential flow of the bulk system. Hydrostatic experiments for equivalent times and conditions of the torsion experiments were also conducted to evaluate the reaction kinetics and microstructures under static conditions. The new experimental data establish that partially molten rock does not flow according to a constant strain rate-dependent power law (steady state) rheology. The rheological transition from strain rate sensitive to strain rate insensitive flow is interpreted as a function of melt-crystal ratio, their mutual interactions, and the evolution of microstructures in the partially molten rock.
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