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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Volume (Issue) 142
Page(s) 97 - 101
Title of proceedings MATERIALS LETTERS
DOI 10.1016/j.matlet.2014.11.145


The influence of anodizing time on the length, morphology and photoelectrochemical properties of TiO2 Nanotubes (NTs) has been investigated. An optimum anodizing time of 20 min at 30 V leads to 1.1 mu m long NTs films, generating a photocurrent density (J(photo)) of 460 mu A/cm(2). Anodized films grown for a time shorter than 10 min show only a thin (100 nm) porous layer, instead of well-defined NTs, and exhibit lower photocurrent densities. Similarly, J(photo) is lower in NTs grown for 1-2 h, partly because the NTs are damaged after extended anodization and partly because their length (I) already exceeds the electron diffusion length (L-n), found to be 0.8 +/- 0.1 gm. The Incident Photon to Current Efficiency (IPCE) study reveals how the microstructural changes (morphology and length) affect the behavior of the anodic films over the photoaction spectrum. IPCE analysis confirms the superiority of 1.1 mu m long and well-defined NTs, with a maximum value of 18\% recorded at 340 nm. In contrast, the ability to collect electrons decreases for longer and partially damaged NTs, especially in the region 360-300 nm. A small response above 400 nm is observed in all the photoelectrodes, due to oxygen vacancies induced during annealing. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.