Back to overview

Cholinergic Switch between Two Types of Slow Waves in Cerebral Cortex

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Nghiem Trang-Anh E, Tort-Colet Núria, Górski Tomasz, Ferrari Ulisse, Moghimyfiroozabad Shayan, Goldman Jennifer S, Teleńczuk Bartosz, Capone Cristiano, Bal Thierry, di Volo Matteo, Destexhe Alain,
Project Visual processing in foveated retinæ in the presence of self-motion
Show all

Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Cerebral Cortex
Page(s) bhz320
Title of proceedings Cerebral Cortex
DOI 10.1093/cercor/bhz320

Open Access


AbstractSleep slow waves are known to participate in memory consolidation, yet slow waves occurring under anesthesia present no positive effects on memory. Here, we shed light onto this paradox, based on a combination of extracellular recordings in vivo, in vitro, and computational models. We find two types of slow waves, based on analyzing the temporal patterns of successive slow-wave events. The first type is consistently observed in natural slow-wave sleep, while the second is shown to be ubiquitous under anesthesia. Network models of spiking neurons predict that the two slow wave types emerge due to a different gain on inhibitory versus excitatory cells and that different levels of spike-frequency adaptation in excitatory cells can account for dynamical distinctions between the two types. This prediction was tested in vitro by varying adaptation strength using an agonist of acetylcholine receptors, which demonstrated a neuromodulatory switch between the two types of slow waves. Finally, we show that the first type of slow-wave dynamics is more sensitive to external stimuli, which can explain how slow waves in sleep and anesthesia differentially affect memory consolidation, as well as provide a link between slow-wave dynamics and memory diseases.