Lay summary
Precarious position of the atypically employed

Repeatedly unemployed and atypically employed persons often find themselves in a grey area between social integration and exclusion. Their insecure and precarious conditions of life are the topic and starting point of this study.

Since the 1990s, Switzerland has been going through radical changes in the world of labour. Due to unemployment and the breakdown in secure employment, new societal divides are forming in the labour market. Employment remains the central criterion for social integration. What are the consequences of these developments for the identity of the precariously employed, who are threatened with marginalization on the labour market and possible loss of status? What strategies do they utilize in the face of everyday insecurity? What options do they have for influencing their position? What impacts on society are becoming apparent?

Aim and method
Typologies of coping strategies will be developed for the purpose of gaining information on the objective conditions and the subjective experience of exclusion processes. The typologies are being developed on the basis of selected case studies. Transcripts of non-standardized interviews will be analysed, and the structural and normative elements of exclusion processes will be reconstructed. The interview participants will be chosen based on structural characteristics such as gender, age and educational level.

The typologies of coping strategies will indicate the options open to the persons affected and possible forms of support. By demonstrating social exclusion risks on the labour market and the social mechanisms that underlie exclusion processes, possible consequences for the current form of welfare state solidarity can be derived and brought into the social-political discussion. In addition, the project seeks to contribute towards a better understanding of the phenomenon of „precarious“ existence and thus to sharpen the analytical meaning of the term