Lay summary
Seasonal to annual quantitative reconstructions of spatially-explicit climate state variables for the last 1000 years are recognized as one of the primary targets for current climate research (IGBP-PAGES / WCRP-CLIWAR). The lack of adequate paleoclimate data series is strikingly evident for the southern hemisphere.This proposal will (i) explore systematically the potential of in-situ reflectance spectroscopy as a novel tool for quantitative high-resolution climate reconstructions in a variety of lakes in south-central Chile, and (ii) produce a number of temporally highly resolved temperature and/or precipitation reconstructions for the regional expression of climate variability during the past 1000 years.The project contributes to the international regional multi-proxy climate reconstruction in South America (IGBP-PAGES LOTRED-SA).