Project

Back to overview

Stamp Seals from the Southern Levant: a multi-faceted prism for studying entangled histories in an interdisciplinary perspective

Applicant Uehlinger Christoph
Number 186426
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Religionswissenschaftliches Seminar Theologische Fakultät Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Interdisciplinary
Start/End 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2023
Approved amount 2'699'142.00
Show all

All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Interdisciplinary
General history (without pre-and early history)
Religious studies, Theology
Archaeology

Keywords (17)

entangled history; Palestine; Visible Religion; history of science; glyptics; Southern Levant; Digital Humanities; stamp seals; open access; participative database; Material Religion; gender history; history of religion\s; iconography; cultural contact; history of science; Israel

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Stempelsiegel aus der Südlevante: ein vielseitiges Prisma, um historische Verflechtungen interdisziplinär zu untersuchen
Lay summary
Warum sind in der Antike zahlreiche kultur- und religionsgeschichtliche Anstösse von der südlichen Levante (heute Israel, Palästina und Jordanien) ausgegangen? Weil die Levante seit jeher eine Drehscheibe für Kontakte und Austauschbeziehungen zwischen Ägypten und Mesopotamien, dem westasiatischen und dem Mittelmeerraum war, lassen sich hier politische, wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Verflechtungen besonders gut untersuchen.

Stempelsiegel sind eine in der Region über Jahrtausende verbreitete Objektgattung, leicht transportierbar, eng mit Personen, Ämtern oder Institutionen verbunden. Das Material und seine Bearbeitung, die Stempelform und die Gravur der Siegelfläche geben Auskunft darüber, ob ein Objekt lokal gefertigt oder importiert wurde, welche Funktion es in Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Religion hatte, welche Bilder die Imagination der antiken Benutzer*innen geprägt haben.

Unser Projekt dient der Fertigstellung eines (von Othmar Keel initiierten) Corpus aller in der Region gefundenen Stempelsiegel aus vorhellenistischer Zeit (vor 300 v.u.Z.). Im Zentrum steht die Entwicklung einer digitalen Datenbank, die künftig von Forschenden in aller Welt genutzt und ergänzt werden kann. Wissenschaftler*innen der Universitäten Zürich, Bern und Tel Aviv werden das Material aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven, von der mit modernsten naturwissenschaftlichen Methoden arbeitenden Archäologie bis zur Wirtschafts-, Sozial-, Kultur- und Religionsgeschichte, untersuchen. Exemplarische Studien setzen neue Akzente im Bereich der Religionsgeschichte, der Bibelwissenschaft und der Genderforschung. Eine Metastudie reflektiert, wie gesellschaftliche und technologische Veränderungen der letzten 50 Jahre unseren wissenschaftlichen Umgang mit dem Material tiefgreifend verändert haben.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 26.05.2019

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Sceau-cachets du Levant méridional: un prisme à faces multiples pour étudier des enchevêtrements historiques de façon interdisciplinaire
Lay summary
Pourquoi de nombreuses impulsions dans l’histoire ancienne des civilisations sont-elles parties du Levant méridional (aujourd’hui Israël, la Palestine et la Jordanie)? De tout temps la région a été une plaque tournante pour d’innombrables contacts et échanges entre l’Égypte et la Mésopotamie, l’Asie occidentale et la Méditerranée. C’est donc un terrain propice pour l’étude des enchevêtrements politiques, économiques, culturelles et religieuses.

Le sceau-cachet y est un objet largement répandu pendant des millénaires; facilement transportable, étroitement lié à des personnes, des offices, des institutions. Le matériau et sa transformation, sa forme et sa gravure nous renseignent sur son origine locale ou importée, sa fonction dans des pratiques économiques, administratives, sociales ou religieuses et sur les imaginaires symboliques partagés par les anciens.

A la suite de travaux initiés par Othmar Keel, nous établirons le corpus de tous les sceaux-cachets d’époque pré-hellénistique (av. 300 av. n. è.) trouvés dans la région dans des fouilles archéologiques. Au coeur du projet, le passage aux humanités numériques grâce à une banque de données digitales qu’à l’avenir les spécialistes du monde entier pourront utiliser et augmenter. Des chercheurs (h/f) des universités de Zurich, Bern et Tel Aviv analyseront les données dans une démarche interdisciplinaire allant de l’archéologie à l’histoire économique, politique, sociale, culturelle et religieuse, incluant de nouvelles technologies autant que la perspective des études genres. Une étude longitudinale examinera enfin la trajectoire du projet lui-même, au cours d’un demi-siècle, et son évolution en fonction des mutations technologiques et des changements dans le discours à la fois social et scientifique.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 26.05.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Judäo-israelitische Knochensiegel der Eisenzeit II – Ägyptische Ikonographie und kanaanäisches Erbe
MüngerStefan (2022), Judäo-israelitische Knochensiegel der Eisenzeit II – Ägyptische Ikonographie und kanaanäisches Erbe, in Wimmer Stefan Jakob, Zwickel Wolfgang (ed.), Zaphon, Münster, 45-58.
Soziomorphie der Götterwelt. Überlegungen im Anschluss an ein altsyrisches Zylindersiegel
Uehlinger Christoph (2022), Soziomorphie der Götterwelt. Überlegungen im Anschluss an ein altsyrisches Zylindersiegel, in Uerberschaer Frank, Bachmann Veronika, Schellenberg Annette (ed.), Peeters, Leuven, 411-439.
Stamped-Jars from Judah: Official Pictorial and Textual Language
Koch Ido, Lipschits Oded (2021), Stamped-Jars from Judah: Official Pictorial and Textual Language, in Judaïsme Ancien - Ancient Judaism, 9, 287-312.
A casa de Saul e suas divindades
Klein Cardoso Silas (2021), A casa de Saul e suas divindades, in Estudos Bíblicos, 37(144), 289-305.
Waterfowl Imagery in the Material Culture of the Late Second Millennium BC Southern Levant
GreetBen (2021), Waterfowl Imagery in the Material Culture of the Late Second Millennium BC Southern Levant, in Recht Laerke, Tsouparopoulou Christina (ed.), McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 207-220.
The Continuity of the Canaanite Glyptic Tradition into the Iron Age I–IIA
Schroer Silvia (2021), The Continuity of the Canaanite Glyptic Tradition into the Iron Age I–IIA, in Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology, 1, 482-502.
Sotaques do poder: recombinações visuais e os fundamentos do imaginário régio judaíta
Klein Cardoso Silas (2021), Sotaques do poder: recombinações visuais e os fundamentos do imaginário régio judaíta, in Caminhando, 26(1), e021025-e021025.
Colonial Encounters in Southwest Canaan during the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age
KochIdo (2021), Colonial Encounters in Southwest Canaan during the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age, Brill, Leidan and Boston.
Exegese Iconográfica: uma brevíssima introdução
Klein CardosoSilas (2021), Exegese Iconográfica: uma brevíssima introdução, in Caminhando, 26(1), 1-26.
Para desvendar o mundo bíblico: entre linhas e pressupostos
Klein CardosoSilas (2021), Para desvendar o mundo bíblico: entre linhas e pressupostos, in da Silva Carneiro da Silva Carneiro, Leonel João (ed.), Recriar, São Paulo, 83-111.
Dynamics and internationalism during the Late Bronze Age: circulation of raw materials and production between the Western Basin of the Indian Ocean and the southern Levant
Tucci Giulia (2020), Dynamics and internationalism during the Late Bronze Age: circulation of raw materials and production between the Western Basin of the Indian Ocean and the southern Levant, in Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean, 29(1).
Southern Levantine Temples during the Iron Age II: Towards a Multivocal Narrative
Koch Ido (2020), Southern Levantine Temples during the Iron Age II: Towards a Multivocal Narrative, in Judaïsme Ancien - Ancient Judaism, 8, 325-344.
Rock, Papyrus, Scissors: Antidisciplinarity and Exegesis
Klein Cardoso Silas (2020), Rock, Papyrus, Scissors: Antidisciplinarity and Exegesis, in Teocomunicação, 50(2), e39481-e39481.
Amuletos como mídia: poder estampado em ossos e o “Antigo Israel”
Klein Cardoso Silas (2020), Amuletos como mídia: poder estampado em ossos e o “Antigo Israel”, in Caminhando, 25(1), 141-161.
Culturas materiais e visuais das religiões do livro: o caso do ‘Antigo Israel'
Klein Cardoso Silas (2020), Culturas materiais e visuais das religiões do livro: o caso do ‘Antigo Israel', in Higuet Etienne Alfred, Renders Helmut, Leite Mendonça Kátia Marly (ed.), EDUEPA (Editora da Universidade do Estado do Pará-Eduepa), Belém, 23-51.
Templos da Casa de Saul? Dissonâncias entre o registro bíblico e material
Klein Cardoso Silas (2020), Templos da Casa de Saul? Dissonâncias entre o registro bíblico e material, in Caminhando, 25(2), 55-76.
The Goddesses and Gods of Saul
Klein Cardoso Silas (2020), The Goddesses and Gods of Saul, in Pistis & Praxis, 12(2), 352-370.
O exegeta como texto: per/mutações do conceito de religião na história da religião do sul do Levante a partir da Escola de Friburgo
Klein CardosoSilas, O exegeta como texto: per/mutações do conceito de religião na história da religião do sul do Levante a partir da Escola de Friburgo, in Duarte Souza Sandra (ed.), Universidade Metodista de São Paulo, São Bernardo do Campo.
Power and the Study of Ancient Egyptian Society
Ben-MarzoukNadja, Power and the Study of Ancient Egyptian Society, in Candelora Danielle, Ben-Marzouk Nadja, Cooney Kathlyn M. (ed.), Routledge, Oxfordshire.
Religious syncretism and control over the territory: Pharaohs in Southern Levant during the Late Bronze Age
TucciGiulia, Religious syncretism and control over the territory: Pharaohs in Southern Levant during the Late Bronze Age, in Nõmmik Urmas, Kõiv Mait, Sazonov V., Volt I. (ed.), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart.
Seals (and sealings)
Uehlinger Christoph, Eggler Jürg, Seals (and sealings), in Daviau Michelle, Kamlah Jens, Lehmann Gunnar, Berlejung Angelika (ed.), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen.
Stamp-seal Amulets
Münger Stefan, Ben-Dor Evian Shirly, Stamp-seal Amulets, in Finkelstein Israel, Martin Mario (ed.), Eisenbrauns & Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology, University Park, PA & Tel Aviv, 208-232.
The look of things vs the function: to embellish and protect themselves in the Southern Levant during the Late Bronze Age
TucciGiulia, The look of things vs the function: to embellish and protect themselves in the Southern Levant during the Late Bronze Age, in Di Paolo Silvana (ed.), Cambridge Publishing Group, Cambridge.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Annotated Digital Corpus of Ancient West Asian Imagery: Cylinder Seals (University of Munich) Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Yale Babylonian Collection (New Haven, CT) United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Haifa: Project "PastForward: Archaeology & Computer Vision" Israel (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Intra-Cross-Craft Analysis Workshop: Investigating Linkages within Craft Industries Talk given at a conference Foreign Imitation in Local Faience Production? (Re)Assessing the Beth Shean Level IX Stamp Seal Group through Intra- Cross-Craft Analysis 15.03.2022 Warsaw, Poland Tucci Giulia; Ben-Marzouk Nadia;
Solomon reigned over Israel and Judah in Jerusalem” (3 Kgdms 2:46l): Textual, Literary, and Historical Considerations of the Figure of Solomon in 1 Kings 1–11 // 3 Kingdoms 1–11 Talk given at a conference The Shadows of an Empire: The South-Levantine–Egyptian Encounters during the Iron Age and their Reflections in the Solomon Narrative 14.01.2022 Halle (Online), Germany Koch Ido;
SBL Annual Meeting – Session “Egyptology and Ancient Israel” Talk given at a conference Judeao-Israelite Bone Seals—Egyptian Iconography or Vernacular Pictorial Tradition? 01.12.2021 online, United States of America Münger Stefan;
III Estudos Bíblicos em Foco, Hebraicando, Instituto de Letras/Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) Talk given at a conference A Bíblia além do texto: o papel da arte sul-levantina na exegese 26.11.2021 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Klein Cardoso Silas;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting - Research Unit: Ancient Near Eastern Iconography and the Bible Talk given at a conference The Historical Shift of the Fribourg School in Social-Material Perspective 23.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America Klein Cardoso Silas;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Function and Context of Iron Age Stamp-Seals from the Southern Levant 22.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America Ranzer Noa;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Investigating Community Continuity and Innovation during the Early Iron Age: A Case Study on Stamp Seals in the Beth Shean Valley 22.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America Ben-Marzouk Nadia;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Framing the study of Iron age seals and seal impressions from the Southern Levant, with an eye toward the Bible 22.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America Uehlinger Christoph;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Seals from the Southern Levant and Gender Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Considerations 22.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America Biermann Bruno;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting Talk given at a conference The Opening of the Seals in Biblical Studies 22.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America Klein Cardoso Silas;
American Society for Overseas Research (ASOR) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Methodological approaches and research perspectives on Late Bronze Age – early Iron Age Southern Levantine stamp seals: a focus on signet-rings 18.11.2021 Chicago, United States of America Tucci Giulia;
American Society for Overseas Research (ASOR) annual meeting Talk given at a conference A Critical Discussion on ‘Groups’ in Stamp Seal Production in the Southern Levant 18.11.2021 Chicago, United States of America Ben-Marzouk Nadia;
American Society for Overseas Research (ASOR) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Steatite Scarabs from the Second Millennium BCE: A Chaîne Opératoire 18.11.2021 Chicago, United States of America Ranzer Noa;
American Society for Overseas Research (ASOR) annual meeting Talk given at a conference Intersecting Stamp Seals and Gendered Bodies 18.11.2021 Chicago, United States of America Biermann Bruno;
American Society for Overseas Research (ASOR) annual meeting Talk given at a conference The Megiddo Fibula 298: A Neo-Assyrian reproduction amulet 18.11.2021 Chicago, United States of America Greet Benjamin;
Research colloquium, Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Vorderasiatische Archäologie Talk given at a conference Chaîne Opératoire of Scarabs from the Second Millennium BCE 08.11.2021 Heidelberg, Germany Ranzer Noa;
VIII Congresso da Associação de Pós-graduação e Pesquisa em Teologia e Ciências da Religião (Anptecre)—Research Unit: Pesquisa Bíblica Talk given at a conference Uma história visual da Exegese Iconográfica 28.09.2021 online, Brazil Klein Cardoso Silas;
Digital Databases in Glyptic Reearch Workshop Talk given at a conference “Stamp seals from the Southern Levant: a multifaceted prism for studying entangled histories in interdisciplinary perspective” (SSSL project presentation) 02.09.2021 Bern (online), Switzerland Münger Stefan; Uehlinger Christoph; Koch Ido;
Aegyptiaca Outside of Egypt – A Minerva RIAB Center Workshop Talk given at a conference Egyptian Stamp-seal Amulets from Bronze and Iron Age Transjordan – Overview and Selected ‘Highlights’ 07.08.2021 online, Germany Münger Stefan;
European Society for Biblical Studies (EABS) Talk given at a conference Wearing a Seal as Conceptual Metaphor and Embodied Experience 03.08.2021 Wuppertal (online), Germany Biermann Bruno;
European Society for Biblical Studies (EABS) Talk given at a conference The Missing Text: Communicological Insights into Iconographic Exegesis 03.08.2021 Wuppertal (online), Germany Klein Cardoso Silas;
Egypt and the Mediterranean World from the Late Fourth through Third Millennium BCE Talk given at a conference Crafting Communities into Contact: Investigating the Production and Uses of Stamp Seals in Egypt and the Aegean World during the Third Millennium BCE 02.06.2021 online, United States of America Ben-Marzouk Nadia;
Egypt and the Mediterranean World from the Late Fourth through Third Millennium BCE Talk given at a conference Crafting Communities into Contact: Investigating the Production and Uses of Stamp Seals in Egypt and Crete during the Third Millennium BCE 02.06.2021 Virtual, United States of America Ben-Marzouk Nadia;
Círculos Exegéticos Individual talk As deusas da antiga Palestina/Israel: provocações e apontamentos sobre a relação entre exegese bíblica e arqueologia do Sul do Levante 29.04.2021 Eagle Gestão de Ensino, Brazil Klein Cardoso Silas;
International Virtual Conference «Beyond Attribution?! Style and Communication in Visual Media of the Late Bronze and Iron Age Near East» Talk given at a conference Does habitus communicate? Style, technique, habitus and other aspects 13.04.2021 Tübingen (online), Germany Uehlinger Christoph;
International Virtual Conference «Beyond Attribution?! Style and Communication in Visual Media of the Late Bronze and Iron Age Near East» Talk given at a conference Canaanite in Egyptian Style 12.04.2021 Tübingen (online), Germany Koch Ido;
International Congress for Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (ICAANE) Talk given at a conference Stamp Seals from the Southern Levant: A multi-faceted prism for studying entangled histories in an interdisciplinary perspective 09.04.2021 Bologna (online), Italy Münger Stefan; Koch Ido;
Aegyptiaca Outside of Egypt – A Minerva RIAB Center Workshop Talk given at a conference Egyptian Stamp-seal Amulets from Bronze and Iron Age Transjordan – Overview and Selected ‘Highlights’ 07.04.2021 online, Germany Münger Stefan;
Aegyptiaca Outside of Egypt – A Minerva RIAB Center Workshop Talk given at a conference Southern Levantine–Egyptian Interactions during the Late Second and the early First Millennia BCE: An Outline 07.04.2021 Leipzig (online), Germany Koch Ido;
International Congress for Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (ICAANE) Talk given at a conference Praise the Negative: The Diffusion of Late Bronze Age Syro-Canaanite Jewelry According to Two-part Stone Molds 06.04.2021 Bologna (online), Italy Tucci Giulia;
International Congress for Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (ICAANE) Talk given at a conference Steatite Scarabs from the Second Millennium BCE: A Chaîne Opératoire 06.04.2021 Bologna (online), Italy Ranzer Noa; Koch Ido;
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting – Session “Egyptology and Ancient Israel” Talk given at a conference Judeao-Israelite Bone Seals –Egyptian Iconography or Vernacular Pictorial Tradition? 01.12.2020 online, United States of America Münger Stefan;
XXIV Semana de Estudos da Religião, Universidade Metodista de São Paulo (Umesp)—Research Unit: Religião como Texto Talk given at a conference O Exegeta Como Texto 19.11.2020 São Bernardo do Campo (online), Brazil Klein Cardoso Silas;
ERC « Mapping Ancient Polytheisms », Séminaire «Noms de dieux! Explorer les potentialités du nom: mise en images, mises en récits» Individual talk Compagnes, rivales, objets? Trois figures divines féminines et leur rapport à un dieu prétendu exclusif (et exceptionnel) dans l’histoire des religions israélite(s) et judéenne(s) 10.02.2020 Toulouse, France Uehlinger Christoph;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) annual meeting - SSSL Panel “Stamp Seals from the Southern Levant” 22.11.2021 San Antonio, TX, United States of America
American Society for Overseas Research (ASOR) annual meeting - Session on glyptic studies 18.11.2021 Chicago, United States of America
Digital Databases in Glyptic Reearch Workshop 02.09.2021 Bern (in person and online), Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Women’s Club, Tel Aviv University Talk 15.06.2021 Tel Aviv, Israel Ranzer Noa;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Religião no alvorecer de Israel TV Horizonte (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais) International 2021

Awards

Title Year
W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, Jerusalem: 21st Annual Sean W. Dever Memorial Prize for the conference paper, "Seals from the Southern Levant and Gender Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Considerations" (SBL annual meeting 2021). This prize provides $750 for the best paper presented at a conference which treats a topic in the field of Syro-Palestinian or Biblical Archaeology (see https://aiar.org/home/fellowships/sean-w-dever-memorial-prize/). 2022
European Association for Biblical Studies, annual meeting 2021 (Wuppertal), best student paper award. 2021
Postdoctoral fellowship “Grande Prêmio Capes de Tese Bertha Koiffmann Becker” for conducting a postdoctoral research project at the Department of Religious Studies of the University of Zurich (supervisor and host: Prof. Dr Christoph Uehlinger), and resulting in a five-month extension within the SSSL project. 2021
"Grande Prêmio Capes de Tese Bertha Koiffmann Becker" (Capes’ Grand Prize for Thesis Bertha Koiffmann Becker), Capes Foundation, Brazil, awarded to Dr Silas Klein Cardoso for the Best Brazilian 2019 PhD dissertation (co-supervisor: Prof. Dr Christoph Uehlinger) in the College of Humanities (i.e., Humanities; Applied Social Sciences; Linguistics, Literature, and Arts; Interdisciplinary). Awarded on December 15, 2020. 2020
Prêmio Capes de Tese (Capes’ Ph.D. Dissertation Award), Capes Foundation, Brazil, awarded to Dr Silas Klein Cardoso for the Best Brazilian 2019 PhD dissertation (co-supervisor: Prof. Dr Christoph Uehlinger) in the areas of Religious Studies and Theology. Awarded on October 1, 2020. 2020

Abstract

This project addresses stamp seals, a common but highly valued and symbolically significant type of object, as a privileged media to study crucial aspects of ancient Levantine social, economic, cultural and religious history especially in pre-Hellenistic times. It aims at developing an online open-access, collaborative database entitled Corpus of Stamp Seals from the Southern Levant (CSSL) as a sustainable reference tool for future research in numerous disciplines: archaeology, ancient history, biblical studies, history of religion\s, Mediterranean studies, and others including exact sciences. Taking its starting-point from groundbreaking research initiated since the 1970s by Othmar Keel, particularly through his Corpus of Stamp-Seal Amulets from Palestine/Israel (CSSPI) and the Corpus of Seal Amulets from Jordan (CSAJ), the project will bring that unfinished task to completion; more importantly, it will fully engage a Digital Humanities transition, translate all relevant data from a pre-digital format into a digitized research infrastructure and thoroughly reconceptualize their significance for historical research. The new database will fulfill latest Open Access requirements, allow for active contributions by all interested scholars worldwide, can easily be updated and expanded and will remain operative for many years to come. Moreover, CSSPI’s focus will be extended to wider regional concerns by removing modern borders from historical considerations: While “Southern Levant” designates the territories covered by the modern states of Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, CSSL will be so designed that it can easily be enlarged to integrate additional data from sites lying beyond that region, e.g., in the Central and Northern Levant, the Egyptian delta, or the Arabian peninsula.A particular aim of the project is to increase the value of the data by interdisciplinary cooperation involving the specialized expertise of an international network of scholars and institutions. The full and best currently available documentation will allow senior scholars, postdocs and PhD students of several disciplines (archaeology, biblical studies, history of religion\s) and three universities (Bern, Tel Aviv, Zurich) to conduct a series of highly innovative studies. Organized in thematically and methodologically defined modules, these studies will, for example, explore seal designs and their iconography as a resource for religio-historical investigation; questions of social archaeology will be studied alongside matters of political and economic history; gender history, social archaeology and biblical studies will intersect in a study of seal use by women. We want to draw on the full potential of the glyptic material to develop new approaches both to the history of ancient Levantine society, culture, and religion, and to the study of biblical texts. Another, crucial aim is to bring the study of ancient glyptics in conversation with scientists. An original and to our knowledge unprecedented move will be attempted with a theory-driven module reviewing the evolution of CSSPI from its inception in the 1970s to its completion within the framework of CSSL. The various stages of CSSPI’s development and implementation, by Keel and others, over almost 50 years reflect tremendous changes in scholarship, not only in terms of technology but also of methods, theoretical models, and scholarly paradigms. Adding a self-reflective dimension to the project will allow us to historicize not only our research object, but to critically review how historical knowledge itself is necessarily framed by the conditions of its production. These conditions have undergone tremendous changes over the last decades. The module will demonstrate how much interdisciplinary (in this case, culture-historical) research is embedded in and impacted by changing concerns of society at large.
-