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Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry

English title Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry
Applicant Wurz Peter
Number 184657
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Physikalisches Institut Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Start/End 01.04.2019 - 31.03.2021
Approved amount 900'000.00
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Keywords (6)

Jupiter and Moons; Planetary Atmospheres; Detection of microbial fossils; Interstellar Gas; Mercury; Moon

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Für viele Fragestellungen zur Untersuchung des Ursprunges und der Entwicklung unserer Planeten und planerer Kleinkörper spielt das Wissen um deren derzeitige chemische Zusammensetzung eine zentrale Rolle. Zusätzlich ist auch die Isotopenverteilung mancher chemischer Elemente von wesentlicher Bedeutung, z.B. als Zeuge für die Entwicklung des Objektes, für die Altersbestimmung eines Objektes oder als Anzeichen eines eventuellen biologischen Ursprungs des untersuchten planetaren Materials. Sowohl Messungen von Bodenmaterial wie auch der Atmosphäre sind notwendig.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts 

Zur Erforschung der Merkuratmosphäre haben wir ein Massenspektrometer entwickelt, welches auf der Raumsonde BepiColombo/ESA seit 2018 zum Merkur unterwegs ist, und die chemische Zusammensetzung der Atmosphäre messen wird. Aus diesen Daten werden wir mit Hilfe unseres Atmosphärenmodels die chemische Zusammensetzung des Merkurbodens ermitteln. Merkur, als innerster Planet, und mit einer sehr alten Oberfläche, ist ein wichtiger Informant für die Entstehungsgeschichte der terrestrischen Planeten.  

Zur Erforschung von Jupiters Eismonden entwickeln wir ein hochempfindliches Massenspektrometer für die Atmosphären von Europa, Ganymed und Kallisto. Der Start der Raumsonde JUICE/ESA ist für 2022 angesetzt. Diese Monde sind gemeinsam mit Jupiter aus der ursprünglichen protosolaren Gas- und Staubscheibe entstanden, haben sich jedoch chemisch anders entwickelt als Jupiter, was Rückschlüsse auf den Entstehungsprozess dieser Monde und die ursprüngliche Gas- und Staubscheibe erlaubt. 

Wir entwickeln kompakte Laserablations Massenspektrometer für den Einsatz auf Raumsonden die für eine Landung auf planetaren Körpern vorgesehen sind. Zwei solche Instrumente bauen wir für die Luna-Resurs und Luna-Glob Mission. Diese Instrumente führen autonom chemische Analysen von Material von der Oberfläche und dem nahen Untergrund durch, sowie die Bestimmung von deren Isotopenverteilung (z.B. Bleiisotope zur Altersbestimmung des Gesteins oder Schwefelisotope für potentielles biologisches Material). Durch die Kombination von Messungen der chemischen Zusammensetzung und ausgewählten Isotopen soll der Nachweis Mikroben in Bodenproben, z.B. auf der Marsoberfläche, ermöglicht werden. 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Unsere Arbeit wird neue Informationen über die chemische Zusammensetzung des polaren Mondbodens liefern, dessen flüchtiges Material erfassen (Wasser, Methan, ...) welches im Oberflächengestein enthalten ist und quantifizieren. Durch die Entwicklung von leistungsstarken und sehr kompakten wissenschaftlichen Instrumenten, ist deren Anwendung für die Feldforschung auf der Erde denkbar, wo portable, also sehr kompakte Geräte gefragt sind.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 01.04.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Characterization of femtosecond laser ablation processes on as-deposited SnAg solder alloy using laser ablation ionization mass spectrometry
López A. Cedeño, Grimaudo V., Riedo A., Tulej M., Wiesendanger R., Lukmanov R., Moreno-García P., Lörtscher E., Wurz P., Broekmann P. (2021), Characterization of femtosecond laser ablation processes on as-deposited SnAg solder alloy using laser ablation ionization mass spectrometry, in Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 180, 106145-106145.
Detection of biomarkersusing compact and sensitive laser ablation/desorption ionization mass spectrometry.
WurzPeter, RiedoAndreas, de KoningCoenraad, LigterinkN.F.W., Keresztes SchmidtPeter, LukmanovRustam, SchwanderLoraine, TulejMarek (2021), Detection of biomarkersusing compact and sensitive laser ablation/desorption ionization mass spectrometry., in Detection of biomarkersusing compact and sensitive laser ablation/desorption ionization mass spectro, 52nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Columbia, USA.
Measurement of Io's Atmosphere during the IVO Mission
WurzPeter, VorburgerAudrey, McEwenA.S., MandtK., DaviesA.G., HörstS., ThomasNicolas (2021), Measurement of Io's Atmosphere during the IVO Mission, in Measurement of Io's Atmosphere during the IVO Mission, 52nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Columbia, USA.
Current Progress in Femtosecond Laser Ablation/Ionisation Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry
Tulej Marek, Ligterink Niels F.W., de Koning Coenraad, Grimaudo Valentine, Lukmanov Rustam, Keresztes Schmidt Peter, Riedo Andreas, Wurz Peter (2021), Current Progress in Femtosecond Laser Ablation/Ionisation Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, in Applied Sciences, 11(6), 2562-2562.
SERENA: Particle Instrument Suite for Determining the Sun-Mercury Interaction from BepiColombo
Orsini S., Livi S. A., Lichtenegger H., Barabash S., Milillo A., De Angelis E., Phillips M., Laky G., Wieser M., Olivieri A., Plainaki C., Ho G., Killen R. M., Slavin J. A., Wurz P., Berthelier J.-J., Dandouras I., Kallio E., McKenna-Lawlor S., Szalai S., Torkar K., Vaisberg O., Allegrini F., Daglis I. A., et al. (2021), SERENA: Particle Instrument Suite for Determining the Sun-Mercury Interaction from BepiColombo, in Space Science Reviews, 217(1), 11-11.
Cadmium telluride as a potential conversion surface
Gasser Jonathan, Föhn Martina, Galli André, Artegiani Elisa, Romeo Alessandro, Wurz Peter (2021), Cadmium telluride as a potential conversion surface, in Journal of Applied Physics, 129(4), 045303-045303.
Determination of the microscopic mineralogy of inclusion in an amygdaloidal pillow basalt by fs-LIMS
Tulej Marek, Lukmanov Rustam, Grimaudo Valentine, Riedo Andreas, de Koning Coenrad, Ligterink Niels F. W., Neubeck Anna, Ivarsson Magnus, McMahon Sean, Wurz Peter (2021), Determination of the microscopic mineralogy of inclusion in an amygdaloidal pillow basalt by fs-LIMS, in Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(1), 80-91.
Future Missions Related to the Determination of the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of Earth, Moon and the Terrestrial Planets
Dandouras Iannis, Blanc Michel, Fossati Luca, Gerasimov Mikhail, Guenther Eike W., Kislyakova Kristina G., Lammer Helmut, Lin Yangting, Marty Bernard, Mazelle Christian, Rugheimer Sarah, Scherf Manuel, Sotin Christophe, Sproß Laurenz, Tachibana Shogo, Wurz Peter, Yamauchi Masatoshi (2020), Future Missions Related to the Determination of the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of Earth, Moon and the Terrestrial Planets, in Space Science Reviews, 216(8), 121-121.
ORIGIN: a novel and compact Laser Desorption – Mass Spectrometry system for sensitive in situ detection of amino acids on extraterrestrial surfaces
Ligterink Niels F. W., Grimaudo Valentine, Moreno-García Pavel, Lukmanov Rustam, Tulej Marek, Leya Ingo, Lindner Robert, Wurz Peter, Cockell Charles S., Ehrenfreund Pascale, Riedo Andreas (2020), ORIGIN: a novel and compact Laser Desorption – Mass Spectrometry system for sensitive in situ detection of amino acids on extraterrestrial surfaces, in Scientific Reports, 10(1), 9641-9641.
Experimental Insights Into Space Weathering of Phobos: Laboratory Investigation of Sputtering by Atomic and Molecular Planetary Ions
Szabo P. S., Biber H., Jäggi N., Wappl M., Stadlmayr R., Primetzhofer D., Nenning A., Mutzke A., Fleig J., Mezger K., Lammer H., Galli A., Wurz P., Aumayr F. (2020), Experimental Insights Into Space Weathering of Phobos: Laboratory Investigation of Sputtering by Atomic and Molecular Planetary Ions, in Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 125(12), 1.
Isotope abundance ratio measurements using femtosecond laser ablation ionization mass spectrometry
Tulej Marek, Neubeck Anna, Riedo Andreas, Lukmanov Rustam, Grimaudo Valentine, Ligterink Niels F.W., Ivarsson Magnus, Bach Wolfgang, de Koning Coenraad, Wurz Peter (2020), Isotope abundance ratio measurements using femtosecond laser ablation ionization mass spectrometry, in Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 55(12), e4660-e4660.
Joint Europa Mission (JEM): a multi-scale study of Europa to characterize its habitability and search for extant life
Blanc Michel, Prieto-Ballesteros Olga, André Nicolas, Gomez-Elvira Javier, Jones Geraint, Sterken Veerle, Desprats William, Gurvits Leonid I., Khurana Krishan, Balmino Georges, Blöcker Aljona, Broquet Renaud, Bunce Emma, Cavel Cyril, Choblet Gaël, Colins Geoffrey, Coradini Marcello, Cooper John, Dirkx Dominic, Fontaine Dominique, Garnier Philippe, Gaudin David, Hartogh Paul, Hussmann Hauke, et al. (2020), Joint Europa Mission (JEM): a multi-scale study of Europa to characterize its habitability and search for extant life, in Planetary and Space Science, 193, 104960-104960.
The Solar Orbiter Solar Wind Analyser (SWA) suite
Owen C. J., Bruno R., Livi S., Louarn P., Al Janabi K., Allegrini F., Amoros C., Baruah R., Barthe A., Berthomier M., Bordon S., Brockley-Blatt C., Brysbaert C., Capuano G., Collier M., DeMarco R., Fedorov A., Ford J., Fortunato V., Fratter I., Galvin A. B., Hancock B., Heirtzler D., Kataria D., et al. (2020), The Solar Orbiter Solar Wind Analyser (SWA) suite, in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 642, A16-A16.
Solar wind Helium ion interaction with Mg and Fe rich pyroxene as Mercury surface analogue
Biber Herbert, Szabo Paul S., Jäggi Noah, Wallner Martin, Stadlmayr Reinhard, Moro Marcos V., Nenning Andreas, Mutzke Andreas, Mezger Klaus, Lammer Helmut, Primetzhofer Daniel, Fleig Jürgen, Galli André, Wurz Peter, Aumayr Friedrich (2020), Solar wind Helium ion interaction with Mg and Fe rich pyroxene as Mercury surface analogue, in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and , 480, 10-15.
The Detection of Elemental Signatures of Microbes in Martian Mudstone Analogs Using High Spatial Resolution Laser Ablation Ionization Mass Spectrometry
Riedo Andreas, de Koning Coen, Stevens Adam H., Cockell Charles S., McDonald Alison, López Alena Cedeño, Grimaudo Valentine, Tulej Marek, Wurz Peter, Ehrenfreund Pascale (2020), The Detection of Elemental Signatures of Microbes in Martian Mudstone Analogs Using High Spatial Resolution Laser Ablation Ionization Mass Spectrometry, in Astrobiology, 20(10), 1224-1235.
Aufspüren extraterrestrischer Lebenszeichen im Sonnensystem mittels lasergestützter Massenspektrometrie
WurzPeter, LukmanovRustam, TulejMarek (2020), Aufspüren extraterrestrischer Lebenszeichen im Sonnensystem mittels lasergestützter Massenspektrometrie, VetSuisse , Bern, Zürich.
Investigating Mercury’s Environment with the Two-Spacecraft BepiColombo Mission
Milillo A., Fujimoto M., Murakami G., Benkhoff J., Zender J., Aizawa S., Dósa M., Griton L., Heyner D., Ho G., Imber S. M., Jia X., Karlsson T., Killen R. M., Laurenza M., Lindsay S. T., McKenna-Lawlor S., Mura A., Raines J. M., Rothery D. A., André N., Baumjohann W., Berezhnoy A., Bourdin P. A., et al. (2020), Investigating Mercury’s Environment with the Two-Spacecraft BepiColombo Mission, in Space Science Reviews, 216(5), 93-93.
CubeSatTOF: Planetary Atmospheres Analyzed with a 1U High-Performance Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer
Wurz Peter, FauschRico, TulejMarek (2020), CubeSatTOF: Planetary Atmospheres Analyzed with a 1U High-Performance Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer, in CubeSatTOF: Planetary Atmospheres Analyzed with a 1U High-Performance Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectromet, 34th Annual Small Satellite Conference, Utah, USA.
UV post‐ionization laser ablation ionization mass spectrometry for improved nm‐depth profiling resolution on Cr/Ni reference standard
Grimaudo Valentine, Tulej Marek, Riedo Andreas, Lukmanov Rustam, Ligterink Niels F.W., Koning Coenraad, Wurz Peter (2020), UV post‐ionization laser ablation ionization mass spectrometry for improved nm‐depth profiling resolution on Cr/Ni reference standard, in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 34(14), 11.
The Deep Composition of Uranus and Neptune from In Situ Exploration and Thermochemical Modeling
Cavalié Thibault, Venot Olivia, Miguel Yamila, Fletcher Leigh N., Wurz Peter, Mousis Olivier, Bounaceur Roda, Hue Vincent, Leconte Jérémy, Dobrijevic Michel (2020), The Deep Composition of Uranus and Neptune from In Situ Exploration and Thermochemical Modeling, in Space Science Reviews, 216(4), 58-58.
Chemical and Isotopic Composition Measurements on Atmospheric Probes Exploring Uranus and Neptune
Vorburger Audrey, Wurz Peter, Waite Hunter (2020), Chemical and Isotopic Composition Measurements on Atmospheric Probes Exploring Uranus and Neptune, in Space Science Reviews, 216(4), 57-57.
Rationale for BepiColombo Studies of Mercury’s Surface and Composition
Rothery David A., Massironi Matteo, Alemanno Giulia, Barraud Océane, Besse Sebastien, Bott Nicolas, Brunetto Rosario, Bunce Emma, Byrne Paul, Capaccioni Fabrizio, Capria Maria Teresa, Carli Cristian, Charlier Bernard, Cornet Thomas, Cremonese Gabriele, D’Amore Mario, De Sanctis M. Cristina, Doressoundiram Alain, Ferranti Luigi, Filacchione Gianrico, Galluzzi Valentina, Giacomini Lorenza, Grande Manuel, Guzzetta Laura G., et al. (2020), Rationale for BepiColombo Studies of Mercury’s Surface and Composition, in Space Science Reviews, 216(4), 66-66.
Chemical analysis of a lunar meteorite by laser ablation mass spectrometry
Frey Samira, Wiesendanger Reto, Tulej Marek, Neuland Maike, Riedo Andreas, Grimaudo Valentine, Moreno-García Pavel, López Alena Cedeño, Mohos Miklós, Hofmann Beda, Mezger Klaus, Broekmann Peter, Wurz Peter (2020), Chemical analysis of a lunar meteorite by laser ablation mass spectrometry, in Planetary and Space Science, 182, 104816-104816.
Decisions and Trade-Offs in the Design of a Mass Spectrometer for Jupiter's Icy Moons
Lasi Davide, Meyer Stefan, Piazza Daniele, Luthi Mathias, Nentwig Andreas, Gruber Mario, Brungger Stefan, Gerber Michael, Braccini Saverio, Tulej Marek, Fohn Martina, Wurz Peter (2020), Decisions and Trade-Offs in the Design of a Mass Spectrometer for Jupiter's Icy Moons, in 2020 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, USA 2020 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, USA.
Dynamic Potential Sputtering of Lunar Analog Material by Solar Wind Ions
Szabo Paul S., Biber Herbert, Jäggi Noah, Brenner Matthias, Weichselbaum David, Niggas Anna, Stadlmayr Reinhard, Primetzhofer Daniel, Nenning Andreas, Mutzke Andreas, Sauer Markus, Fleig Jürgen, Foelske-Schmitz Annette, Mezger Klaus, Lammer Helmut, Galli André, Wurz Peter, Aumayr Friedrich (2020), Dynamic Potential Sputtering of Lunar Analog Material by Solar Wind Ions, in The Astrophysical Journal, 891(1), 100-100.
Performance of a Low Energy Ion Source with Carbon Nanotube Electron Emitters under the Influence of Various Operating Gases
Zhang Huzhong, Li Detian, Wurz Peter, Etter Adrian, Cheng Yongjun, Dong Changkun, Huang Weijun (2020), Performance of a Low Energy Ion Source with Carbon Nanotube Electron Emitters under the Influence of Various Operating Gases, in Nanomaterials, 10(2), 354-354.
Mars Ion and Neutral Particle Analyzer (MINPA) for Chinese Mars Exploration Mission (Tianwen-1): Design and ground calibration
Kong LingGao, Zhang AiBing, Tian Zhen, Zheng XiangZhi, Wang WenJing, Liu Bin, Wurz Peter, Piazza Daniele, Etter Adrian, Su Bin, An YaYa, Ding JianJing, Li WenYa, Liu Yong, Li Lei, Li YiRen, Tan Xu, Sun YueQiang (2020), Mars Ion and Neutral Particle Analyzer (MINPA) for Chinese Mars Exploration Mission (Tianwen-1): Design and ground calibration, in Earth and Planetary Physics, 4(4), 1-12.
Radiation Pressure from Interstellar Hydrogen Observed by IBEX through Solar Cycle 24
Rahmanifard F., Möbius E., Schwadron N. A., Galli A., Richards N., Kucharek H., Sokół J. M., Heirtzler D., Lee M. A., Bzowski M., Kowalska-Leszczynska I., Kubiak M. A., Wurz P., Fuselier S. A., McComas D. J. (2019), Radiation Pressure from Interstellar Hydrogen Observed by IBEX through Solar Cycle 24, in The Astrophysical Journal, 887(2), 217-217.
Three-Dimensional Composition Analysis of SnAg Solder Bumps Using Ultraviolet Femtosecond Laser Ablation Ionization Mass Spectrometry
Cedeño López A., Grimaudo V., Riedo A., Tulej M., Wiesendanger R., Lukmanov R., Moreno-García P., Lörtscher E., Wurz P., Broekmann P. (2019), Three-Dimensional Composition Analysis of SnAg Solder Bumps Using Ultraviolet Femtosecond Laser Ablation Ionization Mass Spectrometry, in Analytical Chemistry, 92(1), 1355-1362.
Detectability of biosignatures in a low-biomass simulation of martian sediments
Stevens Adam H., McDonald Alison, de Koning Coen, Riedo Andreas, Preston Louisa J., Ehrenfreund Pascale, Wurz Peter, Cockell Charles S. (2019), Detectability of biosignatures in a low-biomass simulation of martian sediments, in Scientific Reports, 9(1), 9706-9706.
A comparison between the two lobes of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko based on D/H ratios in H2O measured with the Rosetta/ROSINA DFMS
Schroeder Isaac R H G, Altwegg Kathrin, Balsiger Hans, Berthelier Jean-Jacques, Combi Michael R, De Keyser Johan, Fiethe Björn, Fuselier Stephen A, Gombosi Tamas I, Hansen Kenneth C, Rubin Martin, Shou Yinsi, Tenishev Valeriy M, Sémon Thierry, Wampfler Susanne F, Wurz Peter (2019), A comparison between the two lobes of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko based on D/H ratios in H2O measured with the Rosetta/ROSINA DFMS, in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 489(4), 4734-4740.
16 O/ 18 O ratio in water in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko measured with the Rosetta/ROSINA double-focusing mass spectrometer
Schroeder I Isaac R. H. G., Altwegg Kathrin, Balsiger Hans, Berthelier Jean-Jacques, De Keyser Johan, Fiethe Björn, Fuselier Stephen A., Gasc Sébastien, Gombosi Tamas I., Rubin Martin, Sémon Thierry, Tzou Chia-Yu, Wampfler Susanne F., Wurz Peter (2019), 16 O/ 18 O ratio in water in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko measured with the Rosetta/ROSINA double-focusing mass spectrometer, in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 630, A29-A29.
Comparison of neutral outgassing of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko inbound and outbound beyond 3 AU from ROSINA/DFMS
Luspay-Kuti A., Altwegg K., Berthelier J. J., Beth A., Dhooghe F., Fiethe B., Fuselier S. A., Gombosi T. I., Hansen K. C., Hässig M., Livadiotis G., Mall U., Mandt K. E., Mousis O., Petrinec S. M., Rubin M., Trattner K. J., Tzou C.-Y., Wurz P. (2019), Comparison of neutral outgassing of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko inbound and outbound beyond 3 AU from ROSINA/DFMS, in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 630, A30-A30.
Two years with comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko: H 2 O, CO 2 , and CO as seen by the ROSINA/RTOF instrument of Rosetta
Hoang M., Garnier P., Gourlaouen H., Lasue J., Rème H., Altwegg K., Balsiger H., Beth A., Calmonte U., Fiethe B., Galli A., Gasc S., Jäckel A., Korth A., Le Roy L., Mall U., Rubin M., Sémon T., Tzou C.-Y., Waite J. H., Wurz P. (2019), Two years with comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko: H 2 O, CO 2 , and CO as seen by the ROSINA/RTOF instrument of Rosetta, in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 630, A33-A33.
Elemental and molecular abundances in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Rubin Martin, Altwegg Kathrin, Balsiger Hans, Berthelier Jean-Jacques, Combi Michael R, De Keyser Johan, Drozdovskaya Maria, Fiethe Björn, Fuselier Stephen A, Gasc Sébastien, Gombosi Tamas I, Hänni Nora, Hansen Kenneth C, Mall Urs, Rème Henri, Schroeder Isaac R H G, Schuhmann Markus, Sémon Thierry, Waite Jack H, Wampfler Susanne F, Wurz Peter (2019), Elemental and molecular abundances in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 489(1), 594-607.
The LMS-GT instrument – a new perspective for quantification with the LIMS-TOF measurement technique
Wiesendanger Reto, Grimaudo Valentine, Tulej Marek, Riedo Andreas, Lukmanov Rustam, Ligterink Niels, Fausch Rico, Shea Herbert, Wurz Peter (2019), The LMS-GT instrument – a new perspective for quantification with the LIMS-TOF measurement technique, in Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 34(10), 2061-2073.
Follow the Heat: Io Volcano Observer
Wurz Peter, Mc Ewen A.S., Turlte E, Kestay L, Khurana K, Westlake J, Helbert J, Park R, Kirby K, Haapala-Chalk A, Breuer D, Davies A.G., Hamilton C.W., Horst S, Jia X, Jozwiak L, Keane J.T., de Kleer K, Lainey V, Mandt K, Matsuyama I, Mousis O, Nimmo F, Paranicas C, Perry J, Pommier A, Radebaugh J, Spencer J, Sutton S, Thomas N (2019), Follow the Heat: Io Volcano Observer, in Follow the Heat: Io Volcano Observer, Genf, Schweiz50th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Genf, Schweiz.
Residual Gas Adsorption and Desorption in the Field Emission of Titanium-Coated Carbon Nanotubes
Zhang Huzhong, Li Detian, Wurz Peter, Cheng Yongjun, Wang Yongjun, Wang Chengxiang, Sun Jian, Li Gang, Fausch Rico Georgio (2019), Residual Gas Adsorption and Desorption in the Field Emission of Titanium-Coated Carbon Nanotubes, in Materials, 12(18), 2937-2937.
Interstellar Neutral Helium in the Heliosphere from IBEX Observations. VI. The He + Density and the Ionization State in the Very Local Interstellar Matter
Bzowski M., Czechowski A., Frisch P. C., Fuselier S. A., Galli A., Grygorczuk J., Heerikhuisen J., Kubiak M. A., Kucharek H., McComas D. J., Möbius E., Schwadron N. A., Slavin J., Sokół J. M., Swaczyna P., Wurz P., Zirnstein E. J. (2019), Interstellar Neutral Helium in the Heliosphere from IBEX Observations. VI. The He + Density and the Ionization State in the Very Local Interstellar Matter, in The Astrophysical Journal, 882(1), 60-60.
Experimenting with Mixtures of Water Ice and Dust as Analogues for Icy Planetary MaterialRecipes from the Ice Laboratory at the University of Bern
Pommerol A., Jost B., Poch O., Yoldi Z., Brouet Y., Gracia-Berná A., Cerubini R., Galli A., Wurz P., Gundlach B., Blum J., Carrasco N., Szopa C., Thomas N. (2019), Experimenting with Mixtures of Water Ice and Dust as Analogues for Icy Planetary MaterialRecipes from the Ice Laboratory at the University of Bern, in Space Science Reviews, 215(5), 37-37.
Three‐Dimensional Modeling of Callisto's Surface Sputtered Exosphere Environment
Vorburger Audrey, Pfleger Martin, Lindkvist Jesper, Holmström Mats, Lammer Helmut, Lichtenegger Herbert I. M., Galli André, Rubin Martin, Wurz Peter (2019), Three‐Dimensional Modeling of Callisto's Surface Sputtered Exosphere Environment, in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(8), 7157-7169.
In situ Exploration of the Giant Planets
Mousis Olivier, Atkinson David H., Ambrosi Richard, Atreya Sushil, Banfield Don, Barabash Stas, Blanc Michel, Cavalié Thibault, Coustenis Athena, Deleuil Magali, Durry Georges, Ferri Francesca, Fletcher Leigh, Fouchet Thierry, Guillot Tristan, Hartogh Paul, Hueso Ricardo, Hofstadter Mark, Lebreton Jean-Pierre, Mandt Kathleen E., Rauer Heike, Rannou Pascal, Renard Jean-Baptiste, Sanchez-Lávega Agustin, Sayanagi Kunio, Simon Amy, Spilker Thomas, Venkatapathy Ethiraj, Waite J. Hunter, Wurz Peter (2019), In situ Exploration of the Giant Planets, ESA, Frankreich.
Mercury's subsolar sodium exosphere: an ab initio calculation to interpret MASCS/UVVS observations from MESSENGER
WurzPeter, GamborinoDiana, VorburgerAudrey (2019), Mercury's subsolar sodium exosphere: an ab initio calculation to interpret MASCS/UVVS observations from MESSENGER, in Ann. Geophys., 37, 455-470.
Energy Spectral Properties of Hydrogen Energetic Neutral Atoms Emitted From the Dayside Atmosphere of Mars
Wang X.‐D., Barabash S., Futaana Y., Shematovich V., Galli A., Wurz P. (2019), Energy Spectral Properties of Hydrogen Energetic Neutral Atoms Emitted From the Dayside Atmosphere of Mars, in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124(6), 4104-4113.
The upper atmosphere of Venus: Model predictions for mass spectrometry measurements
Gruchola S., Galli A., Vorburger A., Wurz P. (2019), The upper atmosphere of Venus: Model predictions for mass spectrometry measurements, in Planetary and Space Science, 170, 29-41.
Brazing, High Temperature Brazing and Diffusion Bonding
WurzPeter, ElsenerH.R., RheingansB, JeurgensL.P.H., BurgdorfT., BrünggerS., PiazzaD. (2019), Brazing, High Temperature Brazing and Diffusion Bonding, in Brazing, High Temperature Brazing and Diffusion Bonding , DVS Media GmbH, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.
Heavy Ion Composition of Mercury's Magnetosphere
Wurz P., Gamborino D., Vorburger A., Raines J. M. (2019), Heavy Ion Composition of Mercury's Magnetosphere, in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2018JA0263-2018JA0263.
Encyclopedia of Lunar Science
Vorburger A., Wurz P. (2019), Encyclopedia of Lunar Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
Space weathering on the Moon: Farside-nearside solar wind precipitation asymmetry
Kallio E., Dyadechkin S., Wurz P., Khodachenko M. (2019), Space weathering on the Moon: Farside-nearside solar wind precipitation asymmetry, in Planetary and Space Science, 166, 9-22.
Model-free Maps of Interstellar Neutral Hydrogen Measured with IBEX between 2009 and 2018
Galli A., Wurz P., Rahmanifard F., Möbius E., Schwadron N. A., Kucharek H., Heirtzler D., Fairchild K., Bzowski M., Kubiak M. A., Kowalska-Leszczynska I., Sokół J. M., Fuselier S. A., Swaczyna P., McComas D. J. (2019), Model-free Maps of Interstellar Neutral Hydrogen Measured with IBEX between 2009 and 2018, in The Astrophysical Journal, 871(1), 52.
Novel 2D binning approach for advanced LIMS depth profiling analysis
Riedo Andreas, Grimaudo Valentine, López Alena Cedeño, Tulej Marek, Wurz Peter, Broekmann Peter (2019), Novel 2D binning approach for advanced LIMS depth profiling analysis, in Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 34(8), 1564-1570.
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Description of the Ion-optical System of a Mass Spectrometer for JUpiter's ICy Moons Explorer
Wurz Peter, Föhn Martina, Galli André, Vorburger Audrey, Lasi Davide, Riedo Andreas, Fausch Rico, Althaus Michael, Brüngger Stefan, Fahrer Philipp, Gerber Michael, Lüthi Mathias, Munz Hans Peter, Oeschger Severin, Piazza Daniele, Description of the Ion-optical System of a Mass Spectrometer for JUpiter's ICy Moons Explorer, in Description of the Ion-optical System of a Mass Spectrometer for JUpiter's ICy Moons Explorer, Big Sky, MT, USAIEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, USA.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Dr. Wojtek Hajdas, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Peter Broekmann, Departement für Chemie und Biochemie Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Cyril Szopa, ATMOS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Yoshifumi Saito, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Japan (Asia)
- Publication
Dr. Urs Mall, Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Göttingen Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Andreas Riedo, Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, University of Leiden Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Helmut Lammer, Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Herbert Funsten, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos United States of America (North America)
- Publication
Prof. Klaus Mezger, Institut für Geologie der Universität Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Stefen Fuselier, Dr. Stefano Livi, Space Science and Engineering Division, SWI United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Manuel Grande, Institute of Mathematical and Physical Sciences University of Wales Aberystwyth Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Stas Barabash, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Eberhard Möbius, Space Science Center & Department of Physics, University of New Hampshire United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Anil Bhardwaj, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum India (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Esa Kallio, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Mikhail Gerasimov, Prof. George Managadze, Institute of Space Research (IKI), Moscow Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Stefano Orsini, Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, Rome Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Olivier Mousis, Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Marseille France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Dr. Anna Neubeck, Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Maciej Browski, Space Research Centre PAS, Warsaw Poland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Medienkonferenz Rendez-vous Bundesplatz Talk given at a conference Das Sonnenwindsegel und seine Bedeutung für die Weltraumforschung 18.10.2019 Bern, Switzerland Wurz Peter;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Schweiz im All 24.06.2019 Bern, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Auf ein Rendezvous mit der Venus Tierwelt.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media BepiColombo: Daten zur Venus erwartet Raumfahrer.net International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Berner entwickeln Präzisionsinstrument für Suche nach Leben im All watson.ch, cash.ch, Höfner Volksblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Berner entwickelten Präzisionsinstrument für Suche nach Leben im All APA Zukunftwissen, science.apa.at International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Berner Gerät sucht Spuren von Leben im All Vaterland, Liewo, Vaterlandmagazin, Wirtschaftregional German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Busca da vida no espaço: um trunfo suíço Swissinfo.ch German-speaking Switzerland International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Das empfindlichste Instrument für die Suche nach Leben im All nau.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Das empfindlichste Instrument für die Suche nach Leben im All stammt aus Bern EurekAlert! Science News International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media L'instrument le plus sensible destiné à la recherche de vie dans l'espace provient de Berne EurekAlert! Science News International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Merkur-Sonde "BepiColombo": Geglücktes Rendezvous mit der Venus Aargauer Zeitung, az Badener Tagblatt, Basellandschaftliche Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Merkur-Sonde «BepiColombo": Geglücktes Rendezvous mit der Venus Blick.ch, cash.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Merkur-Sonde «BepiColombo»: Geglücktes Rendezvous mit der Venus Nau.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media New instrument for the search for life in space MyScience International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media ORIGIN: Kleinstmengen von Spuren von Leben nachweisen Raumfahrer.net International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Raumfahrt: Berner entwickeln Präzisionsinstrument für Suche nach Leben im All Blick German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Ricerca della vita extraterrestre: l’asso nella manica è svizzero Italian-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Suche nach Leben im All: Ein Schweizer Trumpf Swissinfo.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media The most sensitive instrument in the search for life in space comes from Bern International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Venus flyby on the way to Mercury MyScience International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Vorbeiflug an der Venus auf dem Weg zum Merkur Nau.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: radio, television Wissenschaftsredaktorin: «Das sind keine kleinen Männchen» SRF German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Wo sind die Außerirdischen? Wiener Zeitung International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Поиск жизни в космосе: Швейцария заходит с козырей! International German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media «Am Mondäquator wird der Boden bis zu 200 Grad heiss NZZ am Sonntag German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media 50 ans d’Apollo 11: un drapeau «suisse» planté sur la Lune avant l’étendard américain La Côte Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media 50 ans d'Apollo 11: un voyage vers la Lune mais aussi vers le Soleil L'Agefi Online Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media 50 Jahre Mondlandung: Eine Schweizer «Flagge» stand zuerst auf dem Mond Blick Online, Cash.ch German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Apollo 11 stiess das Tor zum Mond auf - und zur Sonne Top Online German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Apollo 11, un voyage vers la Lune mais aussi vers le Soleil RFJ Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Astronomie: Un drapeau «suisse» a flotté sur la Lune 20min.ch Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Bern grenzenlos und schwerelos Berner Bär German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Bern, we have a problem - Start der Cheops-Mission vertagt Berner Oberländer, Thuner Tagblatt, BZ Berner Zeitung, BZ Langenthaler Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Berner Hilfe für Chinas Mars-Mission Berner Zeitung Online German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Berner Hilfe für ein chinesiscches Marsprojekt Radio DRS Musikwelle German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Berner Hilfe für ein chinesisches Marsprojekt SRF Tagesschau German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Das Berner Teleskop Cheops kreist nun über unseren Köpfen Berner Oberländer, Thuner Tagblatt, BZ Berner Zeitung, Langenthaler Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Talks/events/exhibitions Die BepiColombo Mission, und der Schweizer Beitrag German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Drei, zwei, eins: Berns Suche nach einer «Zwillingserde» geht los Der Bund German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Ein Vorstoss ins Weltall Vaterland German-speaking Switzerland International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Eine Schweizer "Flagge" stand zuerst auf dem Mond Bieler Tagblatt, Liechtensteiner Volksblatt, Aargauer Zeitung Online, az Badener Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Eine Schweizer «Flagge» stand zuerst auf dem Mond Radio Engiadina, Radio Grischa, Tele Suedostschweiz German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media La conquête spatiale passe par Berne La Liberté, Le Quotidien Jurassien, ArcInfo, Journal du Jura, Le Courrier Genève, Le Nouvelliste Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Mondflüge, Mondlüge Der Bund German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Mondlüge, Mondflüge Tagesanzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Neuer Startversuch für Weltraumteleskop Cheops am Mittwoch Südostschweiz German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Quand Berne décrochait la Lune Journal du Jura Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Quand la Suisse décrochait la Lune Le Courrier Genève Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Schweizer «Flagge» mit dabei Walliser Bote German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Schweizer Sonnensegel auf dem Mond Vaterland.li, Liewo, Vaterlandmagazin, Wirtschaftregional International German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Sonnensegel SRF 10 vor 10 German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Un drapeau «suisse» a flotté sur la Lune Le Matin Online, Tribune de Genève Online, 24heures.ch, Télé Top Matin Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Uni Bern freut sich auf Mondtrip Langenthaler Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Uni Bern will Einladung zum Mond annehmen BZ Berner Oberländer German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Weltraumforscher: «Wir müssen lernen, wie das Überleben auf der Mondoberfläche gelingt» NZZ am Sonntag German-speaking Switzerland 2019

Awards

Title Year
Scientific Organising Committee 15th European Workshop on Laser Ablation 2020

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
207409 Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry 01.04.2022 Project funding
165570 Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry 01.04.2016 Project funding

Abstract

The in situ group of the Space Research and Planetology division of the Physikalisches Institut is currently engaged in several major international related space projects. Four space missions are presently in high activity phases in our group, with strong and crucial involvement of PhD students. Moon: To study chemical composition of the soils at the lunar poles, we contribute two instruments to the Luna-Resurs and Luna-Glob missions, a neutral gas mass spectrometer for the study of volatiles and a laser mass spectrometer for the study of solids. During the grant period, NGMS will be integrated with the gas-chromatograph, and late in the grant period the instruments will be integrated on the respective spacecraft. This project also allows us to expand our experimental expertise into the analytical technique of gas-chromatography mass spectrometry, which only very few groups in space science worldwide can do. Mercury: For BepiColombo, the ESA mission to explore Mercury, we completed the flight hardware. Launch was scheduled on 20 October 2018, with arrival at Mercury late 2025. For the coming years we will continue calibrations using the flight-spare instrument of STROFIO and prepare for the science investigations during data phase. To prepare for the science phase, we will improve the Mercury exosphere model, based on published MESSENGER/NASA results on the surface and exosphere composition. This model is also used to assist in the planning of the STROFIO operations in Mercury orbit. Jupiter and its moons: For JUICE, the L-class mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) to explore the Jupiter system, we provide the neutral gas mass spectrometer (NIM) and contribute to the particle consortium (PEP). We will investigate the chemical composition of the icy moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. We currently build the flight models of our instrument, and will test them against the physical and environmental conditions expected in the Jupiter environment. Detailed calibrations will prepare us for the measurements near these moons. To support the science phase of JUICE, we run unique laboratory experiments simulating the icy surfaces of these moons and their response to particle radiation in forming their exospheres. Results of these studies feed into our theoretical models of the atmospheres of these moons. The Interstellar Gas: NASA selected the IMAP mission as follow-up to the successful IBEX mission. In a collaboration with Princeton University, NJ, USA, we will contribute hardware to the mission, perform calibration, and will participate in the science phase of IMAP. We already started with research and development for the IMAP instrumentation. In addition, we are still highly active in the science phase of the IBEX mission where we analyse flight data to investigate the local interstellar medium and its interaction with the heliosphere. IBEX continues to produce exciting data and is scheduled to operate to allow an overlap with IMAP in 2025 and beyond. In addition to the present participations we are active in proposing to new missions to assure our later participation. These proposals are toward the medium class missions of ESA, the Discovery and New Frontier mission classes of NASA, and the Chinese space programme. The uncertainty associated with the highly competitive mission selection requires us to be prepared to make rapid decisions on involvement once the space agencies selected a mission. Planning in experimental space science for the mid-term future requires continued work on development of space instrumentation and implementation of new technologies, since instruments for space research are always custom designs for the specific requirements of a mission and the scientific questions to be addressed. Many of our participations in the space missions are based on novel instrumentation, highly specialised laboratory activities and their continuous technical support.
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