Project

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The Right-Wing Populist Discourse in European Cross-Border Areas. A comparison between Switzerland and Luxembourg (CROSS-POP)

English title The Right-Wing Populist Discourse in European Cross-Border Areas. A comparison between Switzerland and Luxembourg (CROSS-POP)
Applicant Mazzoleni Oscar
Number 182857
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Institut d'études politiques Faculté des SSP Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.03.2019 - 28.02.2023
Approved amount 430'434.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Political science
Communication sciences

Keywords (6)

Discourse analysis; Regionalism; Populism; Party politics; Media; Cross-Border Area

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Le discours populiste de droite dans les régions transfrontalières européennes.Une comparaison entre la Suisse et le Luxembourg(CROSS-POP)The Right-Wing Populist Discourse in European Cross-Border Areas.A comparison between Switzerland and Luxembourg(CROSS-POP)
Lay summary

L'objectif de ce projet de recherche est de se concentrer sur le discours populiste de droite dans les régions transfrontalières. Le projet s'articule autour des trois questions de recherche : 1) Existe-t-il un discours populiste de droite spécifique aux régions frontalières européennes caractérisées par une forte interdépendance économique ? 2) Existe-t-il une convergence entre un discours populiste de droite à l'échelle du transfrontalier européen ? 3) Les médias situés aux frontières de l'Europe favorisent-ils des discours populistes de droite ? 

Le projet adopte une approche comparative. Il se concentre sur quatre régions où des partis populistes de droite ont connu un succès variable au cours des deux dernières décennies. Trois d'entre elles concernent directement la Suisse et les régions françaises et italiennes voisines : les zones centrées sur les cantons de Genève, de Bâle (Ville et Campagne) et du Tessin. La quatrième concerne le Luxembourg et la région française voisine. 

Le corpus des données, qui fera l’objet d’une analyse de contenu, comprend un ensemble de textes disponibles dans les archives publiques et sur les sites web des partis populistes de droite et des médias grand public. L'objectif principal du projet est de contribuer à une meilleure compréhension du processus de la montée actuelle du populisme de droite en Europe, en particulier dans les régions transfrontalières les plus intégrées. Il contribuera également à combler le fossé entre l'analyse propre à la science politique et l’apport des sciences de la communication politique.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.01.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
A RADICAL‐RIGHT POPULIST DEFINITION OF CROSS‐NATIONAL REGIONALISM IN EUROPE : Shaping Power Geometries at the Regional Scale Beyond State Borders
Lamour Christian (2022), A RADICAL‐RIGHT POPULIST DEFINITION OF CROSS‐NATIONAL REGIONALISM IN EUROPE : Shaping Power Geometries at the Regional Scale Beyond State Borders, in International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 46(1), 8-25.
Unifying and Multiplying the People: The Strategy of Ambiguity in National-Populist Discourse within a Cross-Border Area
Biancalana Cecilia, Mazzoleni Oscar (2020), Unifying and Multiplying the People: The Strategy of Ambiguity in National-Populist Discourse within a Cross-Border Area, in Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 26(3), 279-298.
The league of leagues: Meta-populism and the ‘chain of equivalence’ in a cross-border Alpine area
Lamour Christian (2020), The league of leagues: Meta-populism and the ‘chain of equivalence’ in a cross-border Alpine area, in Political Geography, 81, 1-11.
Researching MediaSpace in a European cross-border region: The meaning of places and the function of borders
Lamour Christian (2019), Researching MediaSpace in a European cross-border region: The meaning of places and the function of borders, in Communications, 0(0), 1-22.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
ECPR Virtual General Conference 2020 Talk given at a conference Unifying and Multiplying the People: The Strategy of Ambiguity in National-Populist Discourse Within a Cross-Border Area 24.08.2020 Online, Stateless Biancalana Cecilia; Mazzoleni Oscar;
Annual meeting of the Swiss political science association Talk given at a conference Populism on the border : the case of the swiss-italian border 04.02.2020 Luzern, Switzerland Biancalana Cecilia; Mazzoleni Oscar;
Annual meeting of the Swiss political science association Talk given at a conference Conflictual media events in Schengen: The meaning of place, border and scale for a right-wing populist stakeholder and its followers 04.02.2020 Luzern, Switzerland Lamour Christian;
Conference Mediaflows19 « European elections 2019: Populism & euroscepticism » Talk given at a conference Interviewing a populist leader during the 2019 European elections campaign 21.11.2019 Valencia, Spain Lamour Christian;
New School of Social Research Individual talk Right-wing populism and borders 19.11.2019 New York , United States of America Mazzoleni Oscar;
University of California Individual talk Right-wing populism and borders. A global perspective 14.11.2019 San Diego , United States of America Mazzoleni Oscar;
University of Florida Individual talk Right-wing populist parties and border issues. Toward a global perspective 12.11.2019 Gainsville , United States of America Mazzoleni Oscar;
ESA 2019 Conference Talk given at a conference How do Transnational Populist Parties and Leaders frame External and Internal EU Borders? 22.08.2019 Manchester, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Lamour Christian;
Steering Commitee meeting – Project presentation Individual talk The right-wing populist discouse in European cross-border areas. A comparison between Switzerland and Luxembourg (CROSS-POP) 22.08.2019 Manchester, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Mazzoleni Oscar; Yerly Grégoire; Lamour Christian; Biancalana Cecilia;
Ecole d’été « Participation politique et démocratie » Talk given at a conference Le populisme comme renforcement de la participation citoyenne 22.05.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Biancalana Cecilia;
Ecole d’été « Participation politique et démocratie » Talk given at a conference Quel est le rôle des partis politiques populistes dans la (ré)interprétation des espaces-frontières ? 22.05.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Yerly Grégoire;
Ecole d’été « Participation politique et démocratie » Talk given at a conference La montée des populismes : quel défi pour la démocratie ? 22.05.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Mazzoleni Oscar;
Cycle de conférence « Réseau – territoires, politiques, sociétés » Individual talk Les espaces-frontières et les discours des droites populistes. Vers la construction de nouveaux murs au sein de l’espace européen ? 08.05.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Mazzoleni Oscar;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Ecole d’été « Participation politique et démocratie » 20.05.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland

Abstract

The goal of this research project is to focus on the right-wing populist discourse (RPD) in European cross-border regions. RPD has increasingly interested scholars in political science and political communication, but mainly at the state-national scale. A limited number of studies on discourse produced by right-wing populist actors in the borderland regions of Europe have been published. As one of the tenets of right-wing populist parties is state re-bordering, we consider that RPD and its mass-mediated representation at this spatial scale deserves specific research attention. The project will be structured around the three following research questions: 1) Is there a RPD which is specific to European border regions characterized by cross-border economic interdependence? 2) Is there a convergence of RPD at the scale of European cross-border regions? 3) Do the mass media located in Europe borderlands promote right-wing populism?Trying to fill the gap in the above-mentioned issues and questions, this project follows a comparative approach focusing on four different case studies where successful right-wing populist parties have arisen in the last two decades. Three of them directly involve Switzerland and its neighbouring French and Italian regions: the areas centred on Geneva, Basel and Ticino. The fourth one involves Luxembourg and the nearby French region. These four case studies are characterized by an intense flow of cross-border workers, which leads to strong spatial and economic interdependence across the state boundary. They symbolize both a localized European integration and a localized strength of anti-European right-wing populism. For each borderland area, we will take into consideration discourses produced by right-wing populist parties and mass media during the main electoral campaigns in the last decade, a period characterized by an exponential growth in cross-border commuter flows. During these electoral periods, three types of discourses will be analysed: 1) the narratives developed directly by right-wing populist parties in these borderland regions through their manifestos and other relevant party documents; 2) the narratives produced through their manifestos and other relevant party documents by these same or similar right-wing populist parties at a higher-level/state-national spatial scale to explore the specificity of borderland discourse; 3) the representation of right-wing populism and European issues (including the cross-border ones) by the mass media located in the chosen areas. We expect the RPD is to some extent specific of the borderland areas, convergent across borders and promoted by regional media.The corpus of data adopted in the research project includes a relevant set of texts available in public archives and on the freely accessible websites of right-wing populist parties and of mainstream mass media. A software-assisted content analysis will be carried out on this data. The main goal of the project is to contribute to a better understanding of the current rise of right-wing populism in Europe with a special focus on integrated cross-border areas where different state-contained and localized populist parties coexist and potentially link up with one another with the support of the local media. It will help to bridge the gap between the political analysis and the political communication on populism at this specific regional scale. The project will also provide new insights into the cross-border dynamics in Switzerland and in other relevant European countries. The organization of an international conference at the end of the project to present the results will give the opportunity to bring together leading scholars in the study of the populism and media studies in Switzerland and in Europe. Moreover, the research project integrates a PhD student and two post-doc researchers and therefore contributes to the career advancement of young academics. Since populism in borderland regions is of political relevance for the future of the cooperation between Switzerland and the European Union, the proposed research project also seeks to achieve the wide diffusion of its findings, and to reach out not only to the scientific community, but also to the general public. The research team will be assisted by a Steering Committee that includes the following renowned academics whose expertise is complementary: Prof. Michael Keating (Professor of Political Science at the University of Aberdeen - Key topic: Regionalism); Prof. Ruth Wodak (Emeritus Distinguished Professor in Linguistics and English language at Lancaster University - Key topic: Populist discourse analysis), Prof. Franca Roncarolo (Professor of Political Communication at the University of Turin - Key topic: media campaigning and populism), Prof. James Scott (Professor of Regional and Border Studies at the University of Eastern Finland - Key topic: De/re-bordering in Europe) and Dr. Raphaël Kies (Research Scientist in Political Science at the University of Luxembourg - Key topic: Media pluralism in Europe and political system of Luxembourg).
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