Project

Back to overview

Analyzing TRade-offs in forests between sustainable Economy and Environmental objectives (ATREE)

English title Analyzing TRade-offs in forests between sustainable Economy and Environmental objectives (ATREE)
Applicant Schulz Tobias
Number 172388
Funding scheme NRP 73 Sustainable Economy
Research institution Swiss Federal Research Inst. WSL
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research - WSL
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.03.2018 - 31.12.2021
Approved amount 693'873.00
Show all

All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Political science
Economics

Keywords (7)

forest economy; land use planning; ecosystem services; agriculture; agglomeration; renewable energies; policy integration

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Verschiedene, auf Nachhaltigkeit ausgerichtete, Wirtschaftssektoren konkurrieren zunehmend um knapper werdendes Land und erhöhen den Druck auf die Wälder. Aus der Perspektive des Waldes beschreiben wir systematisch Zielkonflikte zwischen verschiedenen Sektoren einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft und schlagen Lösungen vor.
Lay summary

Hintergrund
Im Schweizer Mittelland steht die Waldfläche zunehmend auch in Konkurrenz zur Nutzung durch andere Sektoren einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft (z.B. erneuerbare Energien), so dass vermehrt die Umnutzung von Waldflächen in Betracht gezogen wird. Parallel dazu wird in regionalen Wertschöpfungsketten eine stärkere Nutzung von Holz angestrebt. All dies kann jedoch zu einer Beeinträchtigung der Bereitstellung anderer gesellschaftlich erwünschter Ökosystemleistungen des Waldes führen.

Ziel
Mit dem Projekt beabsichtigen wir eine systematische Erhebung und Typologisierung von Zielkonflikten, die durch das Wachstum von nachhaltigen Wirtschaftssektoren entstehen. Wir evaluieren die Ursachen von Waldrodungen und legen dar, unter welchen Umständen oder in welchen Gebieten die zuvor genannten Zielkonflikte am ehesten zu erwarten sind. In Fallstudienregionen zeigen wir letztlich, wie eine Kombination von verschiedenen politischen Instrumenten Zielkonflikte lösen und so zu einer optimalen Lösung beitragen kann.

Bedeutung
Das Projekt weist auf mögliche Zielkonflikte hin, die bei der Förderung einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft zwangsläufig entstehen und systematisiert diese, damit sie von den verantwortlichen Akteuren besser berücksichtigt werden können. Ausserdem wird in Fallstudienregionen die Realisierbarkeit von Lösungsvorschlägen evaluiert. Das Projekt leistet somit auch einen Beitrag zu den Zielen für nachhaltige Entwicklung der Agenda 2030, insbesondere zu den Zielen 15 Leben an Land, 16 Frieden, Gerechtigkeit und starke Institutionen und 17 Partnerschaften zur Erreichung der Ziele.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.03.2018

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Plusieurs secteurs de l’économie axés sur la durabilité se font de plus en plus concurrence pour des terres qui se raréfient, ce qui accroît la pression sur les forêts. Dans ce projet, nous décrivons de façon systématique les conflits d’intérêts entre les différents secteurs d’une économie durable du point de vue de la forêt et proposons des solutions.
Lay summary

Contexte
Dans les agglomérations du Plateau suisse, la surface boisée voit l’exploitation de son sol de plus en plus en concurrence avec l’utilisation qui en est faite par divers secteurs d’une économie de développement durable (p. ex. les énergies renouvelables). Ainsi, on envisage de plus en plus souvent de convertir les surfaces de forêts. Parallèlement, une plus grande utilisation du bois est nécessaire dans les chaînes de valeur régionales. Tout cela peut toutefois entraver la fourniture d’autres prestations écosystémiques issues de la forêt dont les bénéfices sociaux sont souhaités.

Objectifs
Avec ce projet, nous comptons effectuer un relevé et une typologie systématique des conflits d’intérêts provoqués par la croissance de secteurs économiques durables. Nous évaluerons les causes de la déforestation et préciserons les circonstances ou les domaines dans lesquels les conflits d’intérêts susmentionnés sont les plus susceptibles d’apparaître. Enfin, dans les régions étudiées, nous montrerons comment une combinaison de différents instruments politiques peut résoudre les conflits d’intérêts et ainsi apporter une solution optimale.

Importance
Le projet identifie d’éventuels conflits d’intérêts qui surgissent inévitablement avec la promotion d’une économie durable. Il les systématise afin que les acteurs responsables puissent mieux les prendre en compte. De plus, il évalue l’applicabilité de solutions proposées dans les régions étudiées. Ainsi, le projet contribue aux objectifs de développement durable, en particulier aux objectifs numéros 15 (vie terrestre, notamment cible 15.2), 16 (paix, justice et institutions efficaces) et 17 (partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs).

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.03.2018

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Various sustainability oriented economic sectors are competing for scarcer land, which increases the pressure on forests. From the forest perspective we want to systematically describe conflicting objectives between various sectors of a sustainable economy and propose solutions.
Lay summary

Background
In the agglomerations of the Swiss Central Plateau, forest areas are increasingly in competition with other sectors of a sustainable economy (e.g. renewable energies), so that the conversion of forest areas is increasingly being considered. At the same time, greater use of wood is required in regional value chains. All of this can lead to adverse effects on the availability of other socially desirable ecosystem services in forests.

Aims
The aim of this project is to systematically identify and classify conflicts of interest arising from the growth of sustainable economic sectors. We want to evaluate the causes of forest clearing and describe under which circumstances or in which areas the above-mentioned conflicts of interest are most likely to occur. In the case study regions we aim to show how a combination of various political instruments can resolve conflicts of interest and thus contribute towards an optimal solution.

Importance
The project outlines possible conflicts of interest that may inevitably arise when promoting a sustainable economy, and systematises them so that the responsible players can better take them into account. Furthermore, the feasibility of proposals for solutions is evaluated in case study regions. This project therefore contributes towards the “Sustainable Development Goals”, in particular nos. 15 (life on land, especially 15.2), 16 (peace and justice strong institutions) and 17 (partnerships for the goals).

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.03.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Getting a grip on negotiation processes: Addressing trade-offs in mountain biking in Austria, Germany and Switzerland
Wilkes-Allemann Jerylee, Ludvig Alice, Gobs Stefan, Lieberherr Eva, Hogl Karl, Selter Andy (2022), Getting a grip on negotiation processes: Addressing trade-offs in mountain biking in Austria, Germany and Switzerland, in Forest Policy and Economics, 136, 102683-102683.
How national bioeconomy strategies address governance challenges arising from forest-related trade-offs
Schulz Tobias, Lieberherr Eva, Zabel Astrid (2022), How national bioeconomy strategies address governance challenges arising from forest-related trade-offs, in Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 24(1), 123-136.
Guarding the For(es)t: Sustainable economy conflicts and stakeholder preference of policy instruments
Ohmura Tamaki, Creutzburg Leonard (2021), Guarding the For(es)t: Sustainable economy conflicts and stakeholder preference of policy instruments, in Forest Policy and Economics, 131, 102553-102553.
Stakeholder analysis in sustainable forest management: An application in the Yavoriv region (Ukraine)
Pelyukh Oksana, Lavnyy Vasyl, Paletto Alessandro, Troxler David (2021), Stakeholder analysis in sustainable forest management: An application in the Yavoriv region (Ukraine), in Forest Policy and Economics, 131, 102561-102561.
Clearing forests to make way for a sustainable economy transition in Switzerland
Troxler David, Zabel Astrid (2021), Clearing forests to make way for a sustainable economy transition in Switzerland, in Forest Policy and Economics, 129, 102511-102511.
To log or not to log? Actor preferences and networks in Swiss forest policy
Creutzburg Leonard, Lieberherr Eva (2021), To log or not to log? Actor preferences and networks in Swiss forest policy, in Forest Policy and Economics, 125, 102395-102395.
Growing Trees for a Degrowth Society: An Approach to Switzerland’s Forest Sector
Creutzburg Leonard (2021), Growing Trees for a Degrowth Society: An Approach to Switzerland’s Forest Sector, in Environmental Values, 1-30.
A gift programme for sustainable forest management? A Swiss perspective on public policies and property rights
Creutzburg Leonard, Ohmura Tamaki, Lieberherr Eva (2020), A gift programme for sustainable forest management? A Swiss perspective on public policies and property rights, in Geographica Helvetica, 75(2), 69-80.
Regulierungen im Waldbereich im Wandel: Gefahrenabwehr, Multifunktionalität und Koordination
Schulz Tobias, Lieberherr Eva (2020), Regulierungen im Waldbereich im Wandel: Gefahrenabwehr, Multifunktionalität und Koordination, in Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Forstwesen, 171(1), 3-10.
Grüne Wirtschaft: Eine Annäherung an mögliche Zielkonflikte und Synergien im Wald
ZabelAstrid, SchulzTobias, LieberherrEva (2018), Grüne Wirtschaft: Eine Annäherung an mögliche Zielkonflikte und Synergien im Wald, in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, 169(3), 143-149.
Network governance in national Swiss forest policy: Balancing effectiveness and legitimacy
Schulz Tobias, Lieberherr Eva, Zabel Astrid (2018), Network governance in national Swiss forest policy: Balancing effectiveness and legitimacy, in Forest Policy and Economics, 89, 42-53.

Datasets

ATREE forest owners survey about forest clearances offsetting in the forest

Author Schulz, Tobias
Publication date 26.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.16904/envidat.278
Repository envidat
Abstract
In April 2020, about 1700 forest owners of the plateau region of the Canton of Berne were invited to participate in a survey (virtually all of them received a conventional paper-pencil questionnaire) about their willingness to provide forest nature conservation measures in their forest to compensate forest clearances that cannot be compensated by afforestation. The questionnaire contained a survey experiment (conjoint analysis) that offered a choice between two options and the status quo in 9 decision-making situations. Of the 607 completed questionnaires that were returned the survey experiment was completed by about 400.

ATREE forest owners survey about climate regulation services of forests

Author Ohmura, Tamaki
Publication date 28.01.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.16904/envidat.279.
Repository Envidat
Abstract
Forest owners of the Canton of Lucerne were survey about their willingness to employ different forest management measures to provicde climate regulation services by forests. Of the nearly 3000 forest owners that received an invitation to a online-survey and the 900 forest owners that received a paper and pencil survey, 1055 valid responses were received. The questionnaire contained a survey experiment in which 9 choice situations were presented to the respondents in which they had the choice between two options and the status quo. This survey experiment part of the survey was completed by 990 respondents.

Content coding of exemption approval decisions for forest clearances

Author Troxler, David
Publication date 07.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.282
Repository Envidat
Abstract
The Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) is responsible for granting exemptions for forest clearances that in principle are prohibited in Switzerland. Initiators of infrastructure projects have to submit an examption approval request to the cantonal forest administration which has to inform the FOEN. The FOEN thus administers a dataset of forest clearance requests and approval decisions that can be requested there. This dataset contains information on a coding of the content of all the forest clearance requests between 2001 and 2017, that elicits whether the reason for the clearance can be attributed to "sustainable economy" objectives such as "green economy", "bioeconomy" and "circular economy".

ATREE Social Network Analysis survey on policy options regarding CO2 mitigation and sequestration in wood and forest

Author Creutzburg, Leonard
Publication date 09.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.285
Repository Envidat
Abstract
In January 2020 a social network analysis survey was conducted among forest policy stakeholders (at the organizational level) from the Canton of Lucerne as well as the national level. The aim was to elicit positions relative to a set of policy options currently discussed with respect to carbon mitigation and sequestration services of the forest, i.e. forest management and to establish information and collaboration network relations in order to identify actor coalitions as inspired by the "actor coalition framework" approach to policy analysis. Of the 66 questionnaires sent out, 51 were answered (77%). Only one additional organization was indicated as being missing from the provided list of stakeholder organizations.

ATREE Q-methodology statement sorts on forest clearances offsetting in the forest

Author Schulz, Tobias
Publication date 09.02.2022
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.16904/envidat.289
Repository Envidat
Abstract
In Novdember 2019 about 19 experts on forest surface protection and forest clearances were invited to a workshop in order to discuss policy design and implementation problems regarding the offsetting of forest clearances. In Switzerland such offsetting can be provided under certain circumstances by implementing forest nature conservation measures in the forest instead of providing in-kind compensation, i.e. reafforestation on agricultural land. The workshop included the sorting of 34 statements - that were elaborated beforehand, partially also with help of the participants - according to the "Q-methodology" survey technique (participants arrange given statements about a certain subject into boxes that are normally distributed over a "agree - do not agree" answer scale). The participants included representatives from cantonal and national forest administrations, nature conservation NGOs, forest NGOs, spatial planning NGOs, private counseling enterprises as well as national, cantonal and regional forest owner organizations. The data allows a factor analytical differentiation of actors into groups with distinct positions towards forest clearance compensation as well as a positioning of these groups relative to each statement.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
ETHZ, Inst. f. Raum- u. Landschaftsentwicklung, Prof. Adrienne Grêt-Regamey Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Forst Office of the Canton of Lucerne, director Bruno Röösli, Switzerland Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Forest Office of the Canton of Berne, director Roger Schmidt Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Dr. Oliver Thees Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Stefan Gampe Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
IUFRO World Day Talk given at a conference Analyzing Trade-Offs in Forests between sustainable economy and environmental objectivesATREE 28.09.2021 Zürich, Switzerland Lieberherr Eva; Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias;
Policy mixes für konkurrierende Ansprüche, Session 12 der Forstwissenschaftlichen Tagung Talk given at a conference Welche Kombination von informieren, finanziell ködern und hart durchgreifen? Akteurspräferenzen für Politikinstrumente hinsichtlich der Wald- oder Holzsenke im Kanton Luzern 13.09.2021 München, Germany Creutzburg Leonard; Lieberherr Eva;
Policy mixes für konkurrierende Ansprüche, Session 12 der Forstwissenschaftlichen Tagung Talk given at a conference instellungen von Waldeigentümern gegenüber der Kompensation von Waldrodungen mittels Waldnaturschutz 13.09.2021 München, Germany Schulz Tobias; Ohmura Tamaki;
Policy mixes für konkurrierende Ansprüche, Session 12 der Forstwissenschaftlichen Tagung Talk given at a conference Neue Herausforderungen einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft für Wälder: Ergebnisse einer Waldeigentümerumfrage 13.09.2021 München, Germany Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias;
International Conference on Public Policy 5 Talk given at a conference Between forest area preservation and the promotion of private markets for forest biodiversity: forest owners’ preferences towards reforming biodiversity offsetting policies 07.07.2021 Barcelona, Spain Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias;
International Forest Policy Meeting 3, Session 4.3 Individual presentations: Ecosystem services Talk given at a conference Why integrating the forest into the offset-regulation is not (yet) an option in Switzerland 17.03.2021 online, Germany Schulz Tobias; Lieberherr Eva;
International Forest Policy Meeting 3, Session 2.1: Rethinking forest entrepreneurship and policy as a newly emerging cross-sectoral field: Insights from theory and empirics Talk given at a conference Sustainable Economy Projects Creating New Challenges for Forests: Results from a forest owner survey on CO2 reduction measures 17.03.2021 Freiburg, Germany Schulz Tobias; Ohmura Tamaki;
International Forest Policy Meeting 3, Session 2.1: Rethinking forest entrepreneurship and policy as a newly emerging cross-sectoral field: Insights from theory and empirics Talk given at a conference Identifying drivers of forest clearances in Switzerland 17.03.2021 Freiburg (online), Germany Troxler David;
WSL Konferenz Ukraine Talk given at a conference Identifying underlying drivers of forest clearances in Switzerland 01.09.2019 Lviv, Ukraine Troxler David;
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs Talk given at a conference Roundup and Summary 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Ohmura Tamaki;
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs Talk given at a conference Identifying underlying drivers of forest clearances in Switzerland 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Troxler David;
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs Talk given at a conference Integration of Forest into Biodiversity Off-Setting: A Comparison between Bavaria and the Canton of Berne 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Schulz Tobias;
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs Talk given at a conference Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs» in and with the forest as a governance challenge: conceptual foundation 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Zabel von Felten Astrid; Schulz Tobias;
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs Talk given at a conference Transferring ownership rights for sustainable forest management: A Swiss perspective 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Creutzburg Leonard;
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs Talk given at a conference Identifying underlying drivers of forest clearances in Switzerland 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Creutzburg Leonard;
Forstpolitikwissenschaftstreffen Talk given at a conference Zielkonflikte einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft überwinden: Eine Befragung der Schweizer Forstbetriebe 12.04.2019 Wien, Austria Schulz Tobias; Ohmura Tamaki;
Forstpolitikwissenschaftstreffen 2019 Talk given at a conference Zielkonflikte einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft uberwinden: Eine Befragung der Schweizer Forstbetriebe 11.04.2019 Wien, Austria Ohmura Tamaki;
Governance of Big Transformations Talk given at a conference «Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs» in and with the forest as a governance challenge: conceptual foundation 21.03.2019 München, Germany Schulz Tobias;
Panel "Policy Instruments and Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs in Forests" at "Dreiländertagung der politikwissenschaftlichen Vereinungen Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz" Talk given at a conference Trade-offs and Policy Mixes in a Sustainable Economy: The Case of the Swiss Forest Sector 14.02.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Creutzburg Leonard;
Panel "Policy Instruments and Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs in Forests" at "Dreiländertagung der politikwissenschaftlichen Vereinungen Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz" Talk given at a conference «Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs» in and with the forest as a governance challenge: conceptual foundation 14.02.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Schulz Tobias;
Panel "Policy Instruments and Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs in Forests" at "Dreiländertagung der politikwissenschaftlichen Vereinungen Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz" Talk given at a conference Sustainable economy related forest clearances in Switzerland 14.02.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Troxler David;
Quali Zürich Networking Day Poster Zielkonflike in einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft im Schweizer Wald (ATREE) 22.11.2018 Zürich, Switzerland Creutzburg Leonard;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Policy mixes für konkurrierende Ansprüche, Session 12 der Forstwissenschaftlichen Tagung 13.09.2021 München, Germany
ATREE Internal Workshop with Scientific Partners on "Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs 20.06.2019 Zürich, Switzerland
Panel "Policy Instruments and Sustainable Economy Trade-Offs in Forests" 14.02.2019 Zürich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Begrüssung und Einführung Talk 31.01.2022 Zürich (online), Switzerland Zabel von Felten Astrid;
Vorstandssitzung des Verbands Berner Waldbesitzer (BWB) Talk 07.12.2021 Bern, Switzerland Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias;
Arbeitsgruppe «Waldrecht» der Konferenz der Kantonsoberförster (KOK) Talk 10.03.2021 Zoom, Switzerland Schulz Tobias; Lieberherr Eva;
Generalversammlung der Regionalen Organisation Rottal Sempachersee Talk 09.11.2019 Ruswil, Switzerland Ohmura Tamaki;
ATREE Begleitgruppentreffen Workshop 23.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Troxler David; Lieberherr Eva; Zabel von Felten Astrid; Ohmura Tamaki; Creutzburg Leonard; Schulz Tobias;
Konferenz der Präsidenten der regionalen Waldeigentümervereinigungen des Kantons Bern Talk 18.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias;
IDANE Wald Talk 03.12.2018 Bern, Switzerland Schulz Tobias; Ohmura Tamaki;
Waldökonomisches Seminar Talk 19.11.2018 Münchenwiler, Switzerland Lieberherr Eva; Schulz Tobias;
Kick-Off Meeting at BAFU Talk 01.05.2018 Bern, Switzerland Zabel von Felten Astrid; Troxler David; Schulz Tobias; Creutzburg Leonard; Lieberherr Eva; Ohmura Tamaki;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Q-Workshop zu «N+L Rodungsersatz» 14.09.2020 Bern, Switzerland
Kickoff 18.04.2018 Bern, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Kompensation von Rodungsersatz im Wald: Die Sicht der Waldeigentümer Berner Wald Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2021
Media relations: print media, online media Rodungskompensation im wald – WSL plant waldeigentümerbefragung in bern Berner Wald German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
192534 EnvironMental policies for Ecological infrastructures in ruRAL lanDscapes (EMERALD) 01.01.2021 Project funding (Div. I-III)
205912 Transformation toward resilient ecosystems: bridging natural and social sciences (TREBRIDGE) 01.06.2022 Sinergia
179037 Integrated nature conservation in forests: an international comparison of policy-making at the sub-national level (INCFOP-Sub) 01.06.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The ATREE project aims at systematically uncovering and proposing solutions for trade-offs between different sustainable economy sectors, proceeding from the perspective of the forest sector. In recent years, forest-land faces growing pressure, particularly in the plateau region of Switzerland and more specifically in agglomerations. The spread of settlement areas increasingly consumes precious agricultural land which intensifies demands to convert forest-land into agricultural or construction land. Renewable energy installations potentially claim surfaces in the woodlands; flood prevention and river restoration might also affect the forest area. Promoting wood as a substitute for other materials and the call for more regional value added chains might result in intensified harvesting and eased timber production. Hence, the potentially growing sectors of a sustainable economy are competing for ever more scarce land and in turn increase the pressure on the forests. This challenge facing a transition toward a sustainable economy is often overlooked in the public debate as well as in the scientific literature. ATREE thus pursues the following research questions: what are the trade-offs between different sectors of a sustainable economy from the perspective of the forest sector, and which policy instruments seem feasible for offsetting these? Which combination of policy instruments (policy mixes) are acceptable to existing actor coalitions in a given region in Switzerland? And what are these policy mixes’ implications for expected land-use patterns?The proposal is organized in four work packages. The first serves to identify the legal framework conditions, detect current sustainable economy trade-offs and already employed solutions as well as to collect data on Swiss agglomerations. Based on this data, case study regions (agglomerations) will be selected for in-depth analyses in the subsequent work packages 2 and 3. Specifically, we will analyse the political feasibility of proposed policy mixes based on the identification of actor coalitions, networks and preferences regarding policy instruments in the selected case study agglomerations (WP 2). Based on this knowledge about the most feasible policy mix and additional knowledge about actor characteristics, we will simulate the land use outcomes applying agent-based modelling techniques. These models will produce maps of land use outcomes for our case study regions (WP 3). In the final work package, the underlying integrative policy mixes (including e.g. market-based instruments as well as planning measures) and the spatially explicit representations of their outcomes will be discussed and reflected on together with stakeholders and decision-makers in multiple workshops in the case study regions as well as in a final workshop including national and international actors. In sum, we aim to show which (simulated) policy mixes increase or decrease which sustainable economy trade-offs compared to the status quo and search for an optimal policy mix that minimizes all trade-offs.ATREE is organized as an inter-disciplinary project run by a team of researchers from WSL, HAFL and ETHZ that cover differing competences, ranging from political science to environmental economics. Moreover, we have identified research partners and collaborators from the public administration and other research institutes in Switzerland, Germany and Austria, in order to gain practice-relevance as well as insight from practices in neighbouring countries. Our target audiences are the scientific community and practitioners at different administrative levels: the Swiss Federal Administration, the administrations of the cantons and the municipalities.
-