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Youth@Night - A multi-disciplinary multi-method study of young people's outgoing and drinking behaviors

English title Youth@Night - A multi-disciplinary multi-method study of young people's going out and drinking behaviors
Applicant Landolt Sara
Number 150181
Funding scheme Interdisciplinary projects
Research institution Sucht Schweiz
Institution of higher education Non-profit organisations (libraries, museums, foundations) and administration - NPO
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2017
Approved amount 658'546.00
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All Disciplines (9)

Discipline
Psychology
Methods of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
Health
Information Technology
Public Health and Health Services
Social work
Applied psychology
Architecture and Social urban science
Medico-Social Problems of Youth

Keywords (8)

Mobile sensing; Young people; Drinking venues; Nightlife; Drinking motives; Qualitative interviews; Urban area; Method development

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
La consommation excessive d'alcool le weekend en soirée et les problèmes qui en découlent sont des sujets de grande préoccupation pour la gestion de l'espace public. La combinaison de trois domaines de recherche (épidémiologie de la consommation d’alcool, géographie humaine et informatique ubiquitaire) permettra de suivre de l'intérieur - selon la perspective des participants grâce à leur téléphone portable (localisation, photos, etc.) - la vie des jeunes adultes le weekend en soirée.
Lay summary

Approche pluridisciplinaire

La consommation excessive d'alcool des jeunes adultes en soirée et ses débordements ponctuels constituent un défi majeur pour la gestion de l'espace public. Bien que le phénomène ait déjà fait l'objet d'études en épidémiologie sociale de l’alcool et en géographie humaine, la démocratisation des téléphones portables incluant appareil photo, GPS, Bluetooth, etc. et l'exploitation de ces données par l'informatique ubiquitaire offrent de nouvelles perspectives pour suivre les jeunes consommateurs en tout temps et en tout lieu. La complémentarité des approches – qualitative et quantitative – et le partage des connaissances entre épidémiologie de l’alcool, géographie humaine et informatique ubiquitaire apporteront un éclairage sans précédent aux comportements de consommation des jeunes adultes les vendredis et samedis soirs.

Objectifs et méthode

L'étude vise principalement à: a) développer un outil de collecte de données sous la forme d'une application à installer sur le téléphone portable des participants, b) étudier le rôle de facteurs situationnels (p. ex. luminosité, niveau sonore, taux de fréquentation) sur la consommation d'alcool, c) étudier le rôle de la structure urbaine (p. ex. lieux de consommation, déplacements) sur les habitudes de consommation, au niveaux individuel et collectif. 200 jeunes adultes de 16 à 25 ans seront recrutés dans des lieux de vie nocturne populaires à Lausanne et à Zurich. Les données seront recueillies au moyen d'un questionnaire initial, de l'application spécialement développée pour l'étude et d'entretiens semi-structurés. Un atelier avec les experts et responsables politiques concernés, la contribution à différentes conférences et la publication d'articles scientifiques assureront la diffusion des résultats.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 01.11.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
After how many drinks does someone experience acute consequences-determining thresholds for binge drinking based on two event-level studiesOptimal thresholds for binge drinking
Labhart Florian, Livingston Michael, Engels Rutger, Kuntsche Emmanuel (2018), After how many drinks does someone experience acute consequences-determining thresholds for binge drinking based on two event-level studiesOptimal thresholds for binge drinking, in Addiction.
What Reminds Young People That They Drank More Than Intended on Weekend Nights: An Event-Level Study
Labhart Florian, Engels Rutger, Kuntsche Emmanuel (2018), What Reminds Young People That They Drank More Than Intended on Weekend Nights: An Event-Level Study, in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 79(4), 644-648.
Attending to others: how digital technologies direct young people's nightlife
Truong Jasmine (2018), Attending to others: how digital technologies direct young people's nightlife, in Geographica Helvetica, 73, 193-201.
Collapsing contexts: Social networking technologies in young people's nightlife
Truong Jasmine (2018), Collapsing contexts: Social networking technologies in young people's nightlife, in Children's Geographies, 1.
DrinkSense: Characterizing Youth Drinking Behavior using Smartphones
Santani D., Do T., Labhart F., Landolt S., Kuntsche E., Gatica-Perez D. (2018), DrinkSense: Characterizing Youth Drinking Behavior using Smartphones, in IEEE Trans. on Mobile Computing, 0.
Development of the Geographical Proportional-to-size Street-Intercept Sampling (GPSIS) method for recruiting urban nightlife-goers in an entire city
Labhart F., Tarsetti F., Bornet O., Santani D., Truong J., Landolt S., Gatica-Perez D., Kuntsche E. (2017), Development of the Geographical Proportional-to-size Street-Intercept Sampling (GPSIS) method for recruiting urban nightlife-goers in an entire city, in International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 20(6), 721-736.
Insiders and Outsiders: Comparing Urban Impressions between Population Groups
Santani D., Ruiz Correa S., Gatica-Perez D. (2017), Insiders and Outsiders: Comparing Urban Impressions between Population Groups, in Proc. ACM Int. Conf. on Multimedia Retrieval , BucharestACM Int. Conf. on Multimedia Retrieval, New York.
SenseCityVity: Mobile Crowdsourcing, Urban Awareness, and Collective Action in Mexico
Ruiz-Correa S., Santani D., Ramirez Salazar B., Ruiz Correa I., Rendon-Huerta F. A., Olmos Carrillo C., Sandoval Mexicano B. C., Arcos Garcia A. H., Hasimoto Beltran R., Gatica-Perez D. (2017), SenseCityVity: Mobile Crowdsourcing, Urban Awareness, and Collective Action in Mexico, in IEEE Pervasive Computing, 44-53.
The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak: Why young people drink more than intended on weekend nights – an event-level study
Labhart F., Anderson K., Kuntsche E. (2017), The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak: Why young people drink more than intended on weekend nights – an event-level study, in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 1961.
Venues in Social Media: Examining Ambiance Perception Through Scene Semantics
Benkhedda Y., Santani D., Gatica-Perez D. (2017), Venues in Social Media: Examining Ambiance Perception Through Scene Semantics, in Proc. ACM Int. Conf. on Multimedia , 0ACM, Mountain View0.
Development and Validation of the Pre-Drinking Motive Questionnaire (PMQ)
Labhart F., Kuntsche E. (2016), Development and Validation of the Pre-Drinking Motive Questionnaire (PMQ), in Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47(3), 136-147.
InnerView: Learning Place Ambiance from Social Media Images
Santani D., Hu R., Gatica-Perez D. (2016), InnerView: Learning Place Ambiance from Social Media Images, in Proc. ACM Int. Conf. on Multimedia , 451-455, ACM, Amsterdam451-455.
The Night is Young: Urban Crowdsourcing of Nightlife Patterns
Santani D., Biel J.-I., Labhart F., Truong J., Landolt S., Kuntsche E., Gatica-Perez D. (2016), The Night is Young: Urban Crowdsourcing of Nightlife Patterns, in Proc. ACM Int. Joint Conf. on Ubiquitous and Pervasive Computing (Ubicomp), 427-438, ACM, Heidelberg427-438.
Looking at Cities in Mexico with Crowds
Santani D., Ruiz Correa S., Gatica-Perez D. (2015), Looking at Cities in Mexico with Crowds, in Proc. ACM Symposium on Computing for Development , Proc. ACM Symposium on Computing for Development, London.
Loud and Trendy: Crowdsourcing Impressions of Social Ambiance in Popular Indoor Urban Places
Santani D., Gatica-Perez D. (2015), Loud and Trendy: Crowdsourcing Impressions of Social Ambiance in Popular Indoor Urban Places, in Proc. ACM Int. Conf. on Multimedia , 211-220, ACM, Brisbane211-220.
Capturing drinking and nightlife behaviours and their social and physical context with a smartphone application – investigation of users' experience and reactivity.
LabhartFlorian, TarsettiFlavio, BornetOlivier, SantaniDarshan, TruongJasmine, LandoltSara, Gatica-PerezDaniel, KuntscheEmmanuel, Capturing drinking and nightlife behaviours and their social and physical context with a smartphone application – investigation of users' experience and reactivity., in Addiction Research & Theory.
The emotional entanglements of smartphones in the field: on emotional discomfort, power relations, and research ethics
TruongJasmine, LabhartFlorian, SantaniDarshan, Gatica-PerezDaniel, KuntscheEmmanuel, LandoltSara, The emotional entanglements of smartphones in the field: on emotional discomfort, power relations, and research ethics, in Area.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Dr. Salvador Ruiz Correa, IPICYT Mexico (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
öffentliche Verteidigung der Dissertation von Jasmine Truong Individual talk Mobile Internet Technologies in Swiss Youth's Contemporary Nights Out 23.11.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Truong Jasmine;
Workshop on Everyday Security, Talk given at a conference Cities Through the Lens of Social Media 14.11.2017 Barcelona, Spain Phan Thanh Trung; Gatica-Perez Daniel;
Swiss Psychological Society Conference (SSP), Symposium on New Technologies for Studying Everyday Life Talk given at a conference Recognizing the ambiance of places from social media images 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Gatica-Perez Daniel;
43rd Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference How many drinks are needed to experience consequences? Determining the most appropriate threshold for risky drinking based on two event-level studies 01.06.2017 Sheffield, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian;
Workshop on Social Media and Public Security Talk given at a conference How Geo-Localized Social Media is used in the City of Lausanne 04.10.2016 Paris, France Gatica-Perez Daniel; Santani Darshan;
Swiss Days of Official Statistics Talk given at a conference I'm Here, So What? The Value for Statistics of Swiss Geo-Localized Social Media. 16.09.2016 Neuchatel, Switzerland Gatica-Perez Daniel; Santani Darshan; Phan Thanh Trung;
RGS-IBG Annual International Conference Talk given at a conference Using everyday technologies in researching young people’s night out practices 30.08.2016 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Landolt Sara; Truong Jasmine;
42nd Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological research on Alcohol Talk given at a conference The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak: why young people drink more than intended on weekend evenings - an event-level study 01.06.2016 Stockholm, Sweden Labhart Florian; Kuntsche Emmanuel;
Keynote presentation at the National Alcohol and Drugs Conference Talk given at a conference Alcohol Consumption of Young People on Weekends: Purpose, Patterns and Problems. 01.03.2016 Utrecht, Netherlands Labhart Florian; Kuntsche Emmanuel;
National Alcohol and Drugs Conference Talk given at a conference Alcohol Consumption of Young People on Weekends: Purpose, Patterns and Problems 01.03.2016 Utrecht, Netherlands Labhart Florian; Kuntsche Emmanuel;
2nd national conference Safer Nightlife Switzerland Talk given at a conference Aperçus inédits de la vie festive nocturne à Lausanne et Zurich: Étude multidisiplinaire Youth@Night 24.09.2015 Lausanne, Switzerland Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian;
Keynote presentation at the conference Encountering Alcohol and Other Drugs Talk given at a conference Understanding the weekend drinking of young adults from an events perspective: The possibilities and limitations of smartphone technology 01.09.2015 Lisbon, Portugal Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian;
Summer School on Computational, Social, and Behavioral Sciences Talk given at a conference Social media, crowdsourcing, and human behavior analysis 31.08.2015 Paris, France Gatica-Perez Daniel;
9th International conference on nightlife, substance use and related health issues (Club Health) Talk given at a conference Feeling connected online and offline. The use of WhatsApp in the urban night out experiences of young people 19.06.2015 Lisbon, Portugal Truong Jasmine; Bornet Olivier; Gatica-Perez Daniel; Tarsetti Flavio; Santani Darshan; Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian; Landolt Sara;
9th International conference on nightlife, substance use and related health issues (Club Health) Talk given at a conference Development and evaluation of an innovative method to recruit representative samples in the urban nightlife 18.06.2015 Lisbon, Portugal Santani Darshan; Gatica-Perez Daniel; Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian; Bornet Olivier; Tarsetti Flavio; Landolt Sara; Truong Jasmine;
9th International conference on nightlife, substance use and related health issues (Club Health) Talk given at a conference The Youth@Night App: Development and evaluation of a smartphone application for collecting event-level data on young adults' nightlife behaviors 18.06.2015 Lisbon, Portugal Truong Jasmine; Landolt Sara; Bornet Olivier; Gatica-Perez Daniel; Labhart Florian; Santani Darshan; Tarsetti Flavio; Kuntsche Emmanuel;
41st Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society Talk given at a conference The Youth@Night App: Development and evaluation of a smartphone application for collecting event-level data on young adults' nightlife behaviors 04.06.2015 Munich, Germany Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian;
SFI, The Danish National Centre for Social Research Individual talk Youth@night: Approaching young people’s night out and drinking experiences with multi-methods – focus on the meaning of social networking sites 26.03.2015 Copenhagen, Denmark Truong Jasmine; Landolt Sara;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Forum Sicherheit im öffentlichen Raum Talk 10.05.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Landolt Sara;
Weiterbildung Nightlife – Peer Symposium Talk 19.05.2018 Wabern, Switzerland Truong Jasmine;
Kein Alkohol ist auch keine Lösung, Jahrestagung Landesstelle Jugendschutz Niedersachsen Talk 06.12.2017 Hannover, Germany Landolt Sara;
Exkursion PHZH Studierende Talk 01.12.2017 Zurich, Switzerland Truong Jasmine;
Nights - Stadt nach Acht - Konferenz zur Nacht Talk 09.11.2017 Berlin, Germany Truong Jasmine;
Alkoholprävention an Konsumorten, KAP plus Talk 14.06.2017 Zug, Switzerland Truong Jasmine;
Fachtagung „Junge Menschen im öffentlichen Raum – Kommunale Alkoholprävention in Baden-Württemberg“ Talk 03.04.2017 Stuttgart, Germany Landolt Sara;
La vie nocturne lausannoise des jeunes 16 à 25 ans: aperçus de l'étude Youth@Night Talk 01.12.2016 Forum sur la Vie Nocturne, Lausanne, Switzerland Gatica-Perez Daniel; Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian;
Stadt nach acht, int. Konferenz Talk 25.11.2016 Berlin, Germany Landolt Sara;
Youth@Night: Beaucoup de technologie pour simplement capturer l'instant présent. (Youth@Night: A lot of technology to simply capture a given moment) Talk 01.10.2016 Forum of Addiction Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland Kuntsche Emmanuel; Labhart Florian;
Bildungstag Jugendarbeit Graubünden Talk 29.10.2015 Chur, Switzerland Landolt Sara;
Nationale Fachtagung "Herausforderungen einer urbanen Schweiz fur die Zusammenarbeit von Suchthilfe und Polizei" Talk 24.06.2015 Biel, Switzerland Landolt Sara;
Tour de Science 1/2015: Jugend und Alkohol Talk 12.05.2015 Moosseedorf, Switzerland Landolt Sara;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Nightlife 2.0 - Präsentation und Diskussion der Resultate aus dem Nationalfonds-Projekt Youth@Night 29.11.2017 Zurich, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media «Das Nachtleben bietet eine Gegenwelt zum Leistungsdruck» NZZ German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: radio, television Alkohol bei Jugendlichen Radio Alex (Berlin) International 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) La vie nocturne lausannoise des jeunes de 16 à 25 ans: aperçus de l'étude Youth@Night Western Switzerland 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
173696 Dusk2Dawn: Characterizing Youth Nightlife Spaces, Activities, and Drinks 01.07.2017 Sinergia
124568 Using the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) Technology in Alcohol Research - A Feasibility Study 01.04.2009 Project funding
126643 Pre-partying nighthawks in Switzerland? Intra- and inter-individual determinants of the development of young people’s alcohol consumption across the evening 01.01.2010 Project funding

Abstract

Background: Alcohol consumption is the number one risk factor for morbidity and mortality among young people. Heavy drinking incidents and related problems in public on Friday and Saturday nights have recently become a concern for policy makers, city councils and the general public. While alcohol epidemiology and human geography have provided initial evidence on the phenomenon of young people's going out and drinking behaviors at night, ubiquitous computing enables smartphones to provide mobility and social data in the urban sphere on an unprecedented scale. Using multiple methods in the proposed project, close collaboration of the three disciplines will provide unique insights into this complex phenomenon.Objectives and goals: The study has three broad objectives (i.e. to develop a smartphone data collection tool, to study the role of drinking and environmental and situational factors, and to investigate the urban structure, mobility patterns and young people's nightlife experiences). This will lead to the accomplishment of ten research goals: (1) design, build, and test a cell phone application that allows the study of alcohol use on Friday and Saturday nights, (2) measure the volume of alcohol consumed and the degree of inebriation throughout the course of the evening, (3) develop computational methods for automatic beverage recognition, (4) explore user experience (user-friendliness, possible intrusiveness, degree of response burden, etc.) of the data collection, (5) assess the impact of crowding, luminosity and noise levels on amounts of alcohol consumed in a given situation, (6) automatically characterize the ambiance of drinking venues, (7) reconstruct the role of drinking venues and their interrelations with drinking practices and experiences during nights out, (8) investigate the role of urban structure in shaping drinking habits, (9) investigate the impact of single and multiple location drinking on the amount of alcohol consumed throughout the course of the evening and related consequences, and (10) reconstruct the experiences and views of those on a night out and how they are impacted by those who manage nightlife areas.Methods and data to be collected: In Zurich and Lausanne, a sample of 200 16 to 25-year-olds will be recruited at popular nightlife locations on Friday and Saturday evenings. Data will be collected by means of an Internet baseline questionnaire, the customized App to be installed on participants' cell phones, and semi-structured interviews with 40 of the 200 participants.Expected value: The pooling of knowledge and experience in alcohol epidemiology, ubiquitous computing and human geography that will combine self-reported data with information gathered by cell phone sensors and a specially developed automatic beverage recognition algorithm, and via qualitative interviews, will result in unique and unprecedented evidence and in-depth insights into the many research gaps regarding young people's going out and drinking behavior on Friday and Saturday evenings. In addition, making the customized sensing App freely available will stimulate further research by lowering technological entry barriers. Moreover, a half-day workshop for experts in urban nightlife management, scientific conference contributions and at least 10 peer-reviewed publications will ensure knowledge transfer and dissemination.
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