Project

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Perception, autorisation épistémique et connaissance a priori

English title Perceptual Warrant, Entitlement and A Priori Knowledge
Applicant Engel Pascal
Number 124613
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Département de Philosophie Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Philosophy
Start/End 01.05.2009 - 31.08.2013
Approved amount 373'100.00
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Keywords (19)

Knowledge; connaissance; Epistemology; épistémologie; Perception; Normativity; normativité; Norms; normes; Entitlement; autorisation épistémique; Perceptual Warrant; garantie perceptive; A Priori Knowledge; connaissance a priori; Perceptual Content; contenu conceptuel; Belief; croyance

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
This project deals with the epistemology of perception and the nature of perceptual warrant. It will at first try to leave aside the classical issues about the nature of perceptual content (conceptual/non conceptual, direct/indirect realism, disjunctivism/conjunctivism) in order to focus on the basing relation for perceptual belief. It will examine two groups of theories of perceptual warrant: those based on the concept of safety and those based on the notion of entitlement. Each of these views has distinct varieties. Some of them vindicate the notion of a priori entitlement, and in turn a version of the notion of a priori knowledge. Other rejects the notion of a priori knowledge. Our tasks will consist in confronting these different theories of warrant with the specific problems of perception. It is at this point that we shall be able to come back to the classical issues.
The project thus will deal with some of the main issues of contemporary epistemology.

The project is directly related to the projects “Epistemic, Rational and Social Norms” and “Knowledge, Reasons and Norms”.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Cognitive Penetration, Perceptual Learning, and Neural Plasticity
Cecchi Ariel (2014), Cognitive Penetration, Perceptual Learning, and Neural Plasticity, in dialectica, 68(1), 63.
The Value Problem of Knowledge: An Axiological Diagnosis of the Credit Solution
Meylan Anne (2013), The Value Problem of Knowledge: An Axiological Diagnosis of the Credit Solution, in RES PHILOSOPHICA, 90(2), 261-275.
Knowledge and Reasons
Engel Pascal (2012), Knowledge and Reasons, in Amoretti & Vassalo (ed.), Ontos Verlag, Berlin, ?.
La justification des croyances: Mentalisme, accessibilisme et déontologisme
Meylan Anne (2012), La justification des croyances: Mentalisme, accessibilisme et déontologisme, in REPHA, 39-53.
Epistemic Circularity and the Problem of Cheap Credit
Meylan Anne (2011), Epistemic Circularity and the Problem of Cheap Credit, in PHILOSOPHICAL PAPERS, 40(3), 327-340.
Epistemic Norms
Engel Pascal (2011), Epistemic Norms, in S. Berneker & D. Pritchard (ed.), Routledge, London, ?.
Introduction: The Providential Bad Luck of Justification
Meylan Anne (2011), Introduction: The Providential Bad Luck of Justification, in DIALECTICA, 65(4), 483-491.
Thought Experiments : in or out of the Armchair
Engel Pascal (2011), Thought Experiments : in or out of the Armchair, in K. Ierodiakonou et S. Roux (ed.), Brill, Leuven, ?.
Levels of mind
Engel Pascal (2010), Levels of mind, in Pensando, 3.
On the Very idea of epistemic Agency
Engel Pascal (2010), On the Very idea of epistemic Agency, in M. de Caro & R. Egidi (ed.), Roma Tre, Rome, ?.
Self-ascriptions of Belief and Transparency
Engel Pascal (2010), Self-ascriptions of Belief and Transparency, in Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 1(4), 593.
A Virtue Epistemology. Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge
Meylan Anne (2009), A Virtue Epistemology. Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, in DIALECTICA, 63(1), 85-89.
Epistemic responsibility without epistemic agency
Engel Pascal (2009), Epistemic responsibility without epistemic agency, in Philosophical Explorations, 12(2), 205-219.
Oh! Carroll! Raisons, normes et inference
Engel Pascal (2009), Oh! Carroll! Raisons, normes et inference, in Klesis, 13, ?.
Scepticisme cartésien et scepticisme humien
Engel Pascal (2009), Scepticisme cartésien et scepticisme humien, in Recherches sur la philosophie et le langage, ?.
Qu'est-ce que la justification
Meylan Anne, Qu'est-ce que la justification, Vrin, Paris.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Département de Philosophy, Université de Fribourg Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Department of Philosophy, University of Stirling Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Philosophy, School of Humanities, University of Glasgow Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Conference on Cognitive Phenomenology Talk given at a conference Epistemic Emotions: a Fictitious Kind? 01.11.2013 Fribourg, Switzerland Meylan Anne;
Epistemology Workshop Talk given at a conference The Normativity of Justifiedness 01.09.2013 Louvain, Belgium Meylan Anne;
Joint session Mind-Aristotelian society Talk given at a conference Doxastic correctness 12.07.2013 Exeter, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Engel Pascal;
Colloque "la reconstruction de la raison" Collège de France Talk given at a conference La diversité du domaine des raisons 27.05.2013 Paris, France Engel Pascal;
Workshop on The ontology of evidence Talk given at a conference Is irrealism about reasons tenable? 19.04.2013 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Atelier Herméneutique Individual talk Types de raisons 15.02.2013 Paris, France Engel Pascal;
III Workshop on Philosophy and Cognitive Science Talk given at a conference Cognitive Penetrability of Perception and Epistemic Justification 14.11.2012 Buenos Aires, Argentina Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Postgraduate Research Seminar, Department of Philosophy, University of Glasgow Individual talk Kinds of Cognitive Penetrability of Perception 05.11.2012 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
SIFA Talk given at a conference Belief 01.10.2012 Alghero, Italy Engel Pascal;
Conference on Epistemic emotions Talk given at a conference Epistemic Emotions 01.07.2012 Assos, Turkey Engel Pascal;
Conference of the Brasilian society for Analytic philosophy Talk given at a conference Belief 01.06.2012 Fortaleza, Brazil Engel Pascal;
Postgraduate Research Seminar, Department of Philosophy, University of Glasgow Individual talk Which Thesis Best Accounts for Perceptual Justification? 04.05.2012 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
SOPHA Conference Talk given at a conference Indirect Control and Responsibility for Believing 01.05.2012 Paris, France Meylan Anne;
Lezione Giulio Preti Talk given at a conference Rinnovare il Palazzo della Ragione 01.05.2012 Pavia, Italy Engel Pascal;
European Epistemology Network Talk given at a conference Oughts for Belief 01.05.2012 Lund, Sweden Engel Pascal;
Philosophy Talk given at a conference Achilles and the Tortoise 01.04.2012 Lund, Sweden Engel Pascal;
Thumos Seminar Individual talk The Rightness of Justifiedness 01.03.2012 Genève, Switzerland Meylan Anne;
Thumos Seminar Individual talk The Rightness of Justifiedness 01.03.2012 Genève, Switzerland Meylan Anne;
Epistemic expressivism Talk given at a conference Epistemic expressivism 01.02.2012 Lund, Sweden Engel Pascal;
Colloque SOFIA Talk given at a conference Epistemic agency 10.01.2012 Huatulco, Mexico Engel Pascal;
Colloque Pro-doc perception and evidence Talk given at a conference Evidence 01.12.2011 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Four lectures, 4 lectures Tsing Hua University Individual talk Truth and relativism 01.11.2011 Beijing, China Engel Pascal;
Colloque sur La vérité Talk given at a conference Peut-il y avoir plusieurs sortes de vérités ? 24.09.2011 Landres, France Engel Pascal;
Deutscher Philosophische Kongress Individual talk Logical Reasons 14.09.2011 Munich, Germany Engel Pascal;
ECAP Individual talk Wise and fools 01.09.2011 Milan, Italy Engel Pascal;
GAP Muenchen Talk given at a conference Normative detachement 15.08.2011 Munich, Germany Engel Pascal;
Conference The Pragmatic Load in Knowledge Talk given at a conference Comments 27.06.2011 Lally, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Conference on Truth Individual talk Deflationism and the normativity of truth 20.06.2011 Paris, France Engel Pascal;
Workshop on A. Raftopoulos Individual talk Perception and evidence 26.05.2011 Grenoble, France Engel Pascal;
Workshop on Keith Lehrer Talk given at a conference Keith Lehrer 25.05.2011 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Epistémè lecture Individual talk Adam Morton: pluralism about knowledge 24.05.2011 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Workshop on Perception and Warrant Talk given at a conference Perceptual Knowledge from a Scientic Perspective 12.05.2011 Genève, Switzerland Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Lectures “Truth context and relativism” Tsing Hua University Individual talk Lectures 25.04.2011 Beijing, China Engel Pascal;
Philosophy Club Talk given at a conference Motivating Reasons, Evidence and Normative Reasons 01.04.2011 Lund, Sweden Meylan Anne;
Conference on Truth Talk given at a conference Alethic functionalism and the Norm of Truth 23.03.2011 Amsterdam, Netherlands Engel Pascal;
European European Epistemology Network Talk given at a conference The epistemology of stupidity 17.03.2011 Lund, Sweden Engel Pascal;
Archives Piaget Individual talk Rationalité et bêtise 15.03.2011 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Université de Lyon III Individual talk Self knowledge and transparency 10.03.2011 Lyon, France Engel Pascal;
Communication & cognition Talk given at a conference A natural history of stupidity 26.01.2011 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Cogito conference Talk given at a conference Assent, acceptance and scepticism 17.12.2010 Bologna, Italy Engel Pascal;
Philéas talks Individual talk Sommes-nous parfois responsables de ce que nous croyons 01.12.2010 Genève, Switzerland Meylan Anne;
Workshop on Belief, feeling, and epistemic emotions Talk given at a conference Epistemic Emotions 19.11.2010 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
lectures Taiwan, NTU Individual talk Knowledge, Truth and Belief 01.11.2010 Taïwan, China Engel Pascal;
Workshop on Evidence Talk given at a conference Evidence 27.10.2010 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Conference on Keith Lehrer Talk given at a conference Belief and acceptance again 22.10.2010 Graz, Austria Engel Pascal;
Sixth Conference of the Spanish Society for Analytic Philosophy (SEFA) Talk given at a conference Warrant and Proper Function 14.10.2010 Tenerife, Spain Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Conference on Epistemic Norms Talk given at a conference Why epistemic norms are not instrumental 07.10.2010 Paris, France Engel Pascal;
Conference on Epistemology Talk given at a conference What's wrong with Epistemic Expressivism 01.10.2010 Stockholm, Sweden Engel Pascal;
9th National Conference of the Italian Society for Analytic Philosophy (SIFA) Talk given at a conference Problems for Conservative Entitlement 23.09.2010 Padoue, Italy Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Conference of the International Institute of philosophy Talk given at a conference Philosophy 01.09.2010 Bucarest, Romania Engel Pascal;
PhD Coglio Workshop, CUSO (Conférence Universitaire de la Suisse Occidentale) Talk given at a conference Moore's Proof and Conservative Entitlements 13.06.2010 Coglio, Switzerland Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Sociedade Brasileira de Filosofia Analítica Talk given at a conference Filosofia analitica 01.06.2010 Brésil, Brazil Engel Pascal;
Conference on Knowledge, Luck, Virtue, Normativity, Value Talk given at a conference The Ability and the Anti-Luck Condition: How They Collaborate 01.04.2010 Paris, France Meylan Anne;
Workshop on the Epistemic Benefits of Free Speech and Openness Talk given at a conference Blameworthy Testimonial Beliefs 01.12.2009 Copenhague, Denmark Meylan Anne;
workshop on Epistemology and normativity Talk given at a conference Epistemology 09.10.2009 Stirling, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Engel Pascal;
SOPHA Talk given at a conference Knowledge, bullshit and other curiosities 14.09.2009 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
SOPHA Talk given at a conference Norms, rationality and values 04.09.2009 Genève, Switzerland Engel Pascal;
Warrant and Immediate Justification Talk given at a conference Tri-annual Colloquium of the Francophone Society for Analytic Philosophy (SOPHA) 02.09.2009 Genève, Switzerland Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Conference on Responsible Belief in the Face of Disagreement Talk given at a conference Theoretical Control over Belief Acquisitions 01.09.2009 Amsterdam, Netherlands Meylan Anne;
Workshop with Tyler Burge Talk given at a conference Entitlement and Epistemic Norms 25.06.2009 Fribourg, Switzerland Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Epistemology in Europe Talk given at a conference Epistemology 06.06.2009 Louvain, Belgium Engel Pascal;
Conference on the Norms of Belief, Talk given at a conference Second weel 01.06.2009 Oslo, Norway Engel Pascal;
Bled conference on Virtue Epistemology Talk given at a conference Virtue Epistemology 01.06.2009 Bled, Slovenia Engel Pascal;
Journees doctorales: Repenser la normativite Talk given at a conference Justification prima facie et normativité 22.05.2009 Grenoble, France Cecchi Ariel Sebastianos;
Metaphysics and Epistemology Workshop Talk given at a conference The Value of Justification 01.05.2009 Aarhus, Denmark Meylan Anne;
Departmental research meeting Individual talk Bien croire. La valeur de la justification 01.05.2009 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Meylan Anne;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Workshop on Perception and Warrant 12.05.2011 Genève, Switzerland
Workshop on Evidence 27.10.2010 Genève, Switzerland
Workshop on Entitlement and Testimony 18.05.2010 Genève, Switzerland
Conference Justification Revisited 25.03.2010 Genève, Switzerland
Workshop on Warrant and A Prioricity 01.03.2010 Genève, Switzerland
Workshop on Epistemology of Perception 12.11.2009 Genève, Switzerland

Awards

Title Year
Philibert Collart, Prize of Excellence of the University of Geneva 2013
Adolphe Neumann Award of the University of Geneva 2012
Théodore Flournoy Award of the University of Geneva 2010
Philibert Collart, Prize of Excellence of the University of Geneva 2009
Théodore Flournoy Award of the University of Geneva 2009

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
116032 Connaissance, Raison et Normes 01.04.2007 Project funding
144403 Analyses de la rationalité en termes de connaissance 01.10.2012 Project funding
118606 Normes épistémiques rationnelles et sociales 01.03.2008 ProDoc
131794 Connaissance, preuves et pratique 01.10.2010 Project funding

Abstract

This project deals with the epistemology of perception and the nature of perceptual warrant. It will at first try to leave aside the classical issues about the nature of perceptual content (conceptual/ non conceptual, direct/ indirect realism, disjunctivism/ conjunctivism) in order to focus on the basing relation for perceptual belief. It will examine two groups of theories of perceptual warrant: those based on the concept of safety and those based on the notion of entitlement. Each of these views has distinct varieties. Some of them vindicate the notion of a priori entitlement, and in turn a version of the notion of a priori knowledge. Other rejects the notion of a priori knowledge. Our tasks will consist in confronting these different theories of warrant with the specific problems of perception. It is at this point that we shall be able to come back to the classical issues.The project thus will deal with some of the main issues of contemporary epistemology.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ce projet porte sur l'épistémologie de la perception et la nature de la garantie épistémique dans la perception. Il mettra au départ de côté les problèmes classiques quant à al nature des contenus perceptifs qui ont occupé une partie de la réflexion récente (conceptuel/ non conceptuel, question du réalisme direct/ indirect, conjonctivisme/ disjonctivisme) pour se concentrer sur la justification des croyances perceptives. Il examinera deux groupes de théories de la connaissance perceptive: celles qui sont basées sur la notion de "sécurité" et celles qui sont basées sur celle d'"autorisation épistémique". Chacune de ces théories a elle même différentes versions: certaines s'appuient sur la notion d'autorisation épistémique a priori, ce qui suppose que la connaissance a priori soit possible. D'autres rejettent cette notion. La tâche du projet sera d'examiner ces différentes théories de la garantie perceptive, et de les confronter aux problèmes classiques de la perception. Ce sont ainsi les problèmes les plus fondamentaux de la théorie contemporaine de la connaissance qui seront abordés.
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