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Lehrlingsselektion in kleinen und mittleren Betrieben - Integration und Ausschluss beim Übergang von der Schule in die Berufslehre

English title The selection of trainees in small and medium-scale enterprises - Integration and exclusion at the transitional stage between school and vocational training
Applicant Haeberlin Urs
Number 69088
Funding scheme NRP 51 Social Integration and Social Exclusion
Research institution Departement für Sonderpädagogik Universität Freiburg
Institution of higher education University of Fribourg - FR
Main discipline Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Start/End 01.12.2003 - 28.02.2007
Approved amount 292'318.00
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Lay Summary (English)

Lay summary
Trainee selection in small and medium-sized businesses

What are the rationales of decision-making criteria in the selection of young vocational trainees in small and medium-sized businesses (SMB)? The study aims to theorize admittance into the dual vocational training system from the perspective of the companies and to increase companies’ awareness of the need for measures to promote integration.

School qualifications and social networks explain only in part why a young person is granted a place as a trainee. For even when these factors are taken into account, there are considerable unequal training opportunities according to gender and country of origin. Successful admission into the vocational training system is essential for integration in the world of work and in society. Although a majority of Swiss young people are trained for the world of work in small and medium-sized businesses, it is surprising that there has been hardly any research on the mechanisms of their selection of trainees.

Aim and method
The project is analysing the lines of argumentation used in company sense-making about decisions in order to derive the norms used in the process of selecting trainees. It intends to arrive at a better understanding of the trainee selection effects evident in the education statistics by approaching the issue from the company side. In addition, the study wants to establish what emphasis is laid on lower formal school qualifications in the selection of vocational trainees. The reality of the selection process in small and medium-sized businesses is being analysed using a combination of company and trainee candidate data. This makes it possible to set the data on individuals in relation to the data on companies. Documented interviews with experts form the empirical basis of the argumentation analysis.

The research project is examining small and medium-sized companies as the route of access to explaining admittance into the dual vocational training system. From a social scientific perspective this will make an important contribution towards increasing the understanding of the selection of young people for job training after basic primary and secondary school. Up to now, the discourse in research and in the general public has focused on the individual and based mainly on the example of very large organizations. As an important complement, the present study takes the opposite, organization-centred tack and uncovers the realities of the selection process in small and medium-sized businesses. The findings will provide a basis for future thinking about ways to sensitize these selective gatekeepers to vocational training to the need for measures to promote integration.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

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