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Subsidy for the maintenance and operation of the High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat, 2022 - 2025

English title Subsidy for the maintenance and operation of the High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat, 2022 - 2025
Applicant Leuenberger Markus
Number 205143
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Klima und Umweltphysik Physikalisches Institut Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Start/End 01.01.2022 - 31.12.2025
Approved amount 3'040'000.00
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All Disciplines (17)

Discipline
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Geochemistry
Meteorology
Cardiovascular Research
Ecology
Medical Microbiology
Other disciplines of Earth Sciences
Environmental Research
Physiology : other topics
Physical Chemistry
Material Sciences
Other disciplines of Physics
Geophysics
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Hydrology, Limnology, Glaciology
Geology
Environmental Toxicology

Keywords (6)

Astrononmy and Astrophysics (20200); Environmental Sciences (20703-20705, 20709); Environmental Research (30206); Cardiovascular Diseases (30303, 30806); Material Sciences Codes (20505); Geology and Geophysics (20801 and 20802)

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Der Zweck der internationalen Stiftung Hochalpine Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat ist es, wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zu ermöglichen, die in grosser Höhe oder in hochalpinem Klima ausgeführt werden müssen. Dazu werden auf dem Jungfraujoch die Forschungsstation, das Sphinx-Observatorium und die Station am Jungfrau Ostgrat sowie auf Gornergrat das Observatorium Gornergrat-Süd unterhalten. Wissenschaftler von Universitäten, technischen Hochschulen und öffentlichen Forschungsinstituten der Mitgliedsländer als auch von anderen Ländern können in diesen von der Stiftung zur Verfügung gestellten Labors und Observatorien Forschungsprojekte ausführen.
Lay summary

Die hochalpine Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch ist die höchstgelegene in Europa und sie ist die weltweit am höchsten gelegene, die mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln erreichbar ist. Durch diese Tatsache sowie die zentrale Lage in Europa und den Alpen nimmt das Jungfraujoch eine Schlüsselrolle in über 30 nationalen und internationalen Forschungs- und Messprogrammen ein. Die Mehrzahl an Projekten ist im Bereich der Klima- und Umweltforschung angesiedelt. Es gibt jedoch aus diversen Wissenschaftsbereichen Projekte, so in Medizin, Biologie, Geologie, Physik und weitere.

Das Observatorium auf dem Gornergrat wurde bis Ende 2010 insbesondere für astrophysikalische Untersuchungen benutzt. Die Umsetzung eines public-outreach Projekts im Bereich astronomischer Beobachtungen ist mittlerweile vollkommen etabliert und wird ständig mit zusätzlichen Modulen erweitert und in verschiedene Sprachen übersetzt. Dies erlaubt eine grosse Vielfalt an Wissenensvermittlung. Dabei liegt die Ausbildung im Vordergrund. Es sollen dabei Schüler und Studenten auf Sekundar- und Gymnasialstufe angesprochen werden. Ebenso soll die breite Öffentlichkeit nicht zu kurz kommen.

Mehr Informationen sind auf unserer Hompage www.hfsjg.ch zu finden.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.10.2021

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
175503 Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2018-2021 01.01.2018 Research Infrastructure
170726 IsoConCair: Charakterisierung der Konzentrations- und Isotopenzusammensetzung der Hauptluftkomponenten 01.12.2016 R'EQUIP
173691 ICOS-CH Phase 2 01.07.2017 Research Infrastructure
172550 Klima- und Umweltphysik: Isotope im Erdklimasystem (icoCEP) 01.04.2017 Project funding
198227 ICOS-CH Phase 3 01.07.2021 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

1.Summary of the Research PlanThis grant application concerns the subsidy of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) to the International Foundation "High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat (HFSJG)". Its goal is to enable and support scientific research of international standard at these high mountain research locations for the years 2022-2025.The International Foundation HFSJG dates back to 1930. It is a foundation according to article 80ff. of the Swiss civil law and is under the auspices of the Swiss federal government. Member countries are Austria, Belgium, China, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, and Switzerland. President of the Foundation is Prof. Silvio Decurtins, former Dean of the Science Faculty at the University of Bern. The Director of the Research Stations is Prof. Markus Leuenberger. He is at the main office at the University of Bern. The purpose of the Foundation, as described in the Foundation’s bylaws, is to provide the infrastructure and support for scientific re¬search of international significance that must be carried out at an altitude of 3000-3500 meters above sea level or for which a high alpine environment is required (https://www.hfsjg.ch/). Jungfraujoch at 3454 m a.s.l., is the highest research station in Europe that is accessible all year round by public transportation - the recently opened V-Cableway reduces the access time by roughly one hour. It offers together with Jungfrau East Ridge excellent infrastructures. Today it is of importance for environmental researchers, as well as for meteorologists, glaciologists, and researchers in material medical sciences. Jungfraujoch is the only accessible observation point in Europe with adequate infrastructure that is within the free troposphere a fair part of the year. The Research Station Jungfraujoch is therefore unique for ground-based observations of the free troposphere done by atmosphere physicists, chemists and environmental researchers from all over the world. Within large European infrastructure (RI) projects such as the ICOS-RI an ESFRI Landmark project and the ACTRIS ESFRI project, Jungfraujoch plays an important role as so-called terrestrial background station. Swiss contributions to these two RIs are listed in the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures. However, involvement of projects conducted at HFSJG infrastructures in national and international programs is much broader as documented in this research plan. Many of them will contribute to the recently announced strategy “Green Deal” of the European Union to meet the goals mentioned in the Paris agreement by cutting CO2 emissions drastically to help protect our environment and minimize temperature increase and therefore climate change implications. The research plan for 2022-2025 consists of about 25 long-term projects with automated measurements and a number of short-term measurement campaigns that will document the evolution over the next four years regarding greenhouse gas emissions and implications. Furthermore, they contribute to the central Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and its associated programmes such as the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW), in which Jung¬fraujoch is a primary site. Within the Virtual Alpine Observatory - a network of high altitude research stations - it is envisaged to enhance the collaboration further by establishing a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC). Plans to start an interdisciplinary project on “Observation and understanding of the complex climate forcings and impacts in and to the alpine environmental system from ground up to space” is based on linking research working in the different domains from ground to space. Gornergrat remains a location for astronomical observations with a focus in education. Stellarium Gornergrat is now running rather smoothly and allows teachers and their school classes as well as the public to remotely run the telescopes and to work on specific modules describing basic astronomical knowledge. It is a project that focusses on science transfer from science experts to the public including different levels of education. With this proposal, we ask for funding to run and maintain the HFSJG infrastructures, to offer excellent conditions at high altitudes and to guarantee a smooth and efficient conductance of top-level research. Key words:~75%:Environmental ResearchCodes (20703, 20704, 20705, 20709)~15%:Astronomy and AstrophysicsCodes (20200)~ 5%:Earth SciencesCodes (20800, 20801, 20802, 20803, 20809)~ 5%:Material SciencesCodes (20505)~ 5%:Medical campaignsCodes (30303, 30806)
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