The causes behind the evolution of the votes for the DoR (in favour/against/abstaining) are multifaceted and, based on our previous findings, include dynamics cutting across global governance levels such as the existence of national blasphemy laws. This element leads to raise the following research questions: 1a) What are the main factors explaining the evolution of the UN votes for the DoR ? and 1b) Are the evolution of the votes at the UN for the DoR and the evolution of national blasphemy laws correlated ? In order to understand the voting evolution, and because no researcher in Sciences of Religions has conducted such a research, a mixed-method approach covering the entire period of time (1999-2010) and the three UN bodies (GA, CHR and HRC) will provide new insights into the topic. To this end, two datasets will be highly valuable. An original dataset built by the applicant (hereafter ‘Schwab’) which contains the vote of each member State at the CHR and HRC between 1999 and 2010 and Fox’s dataset RAS3 on the presence/absence of national blasphemy laws for 183 states between 1990 and 2014. Schwab’s and Fox’s datasets will be compared and merged to analyse and visualise the UN voting evolution.
The research will be divided into two parts. The first part, mainly based on a qualitative approach with quantitative inputs, aims to thoroughly understand the differences and the similarities of the definitions of DoR/blasphemy behind the two different datasets and explores the impact of the definitions on the construction of the datasets and, therefore, on the results of the analyses. The second part, mainly based on a quantitative approach with qualitative inputs, analyses the datasets based on different categorical variables (such as countries with blasphemy laws) to find patterns in voting behaviours and their evolution across time. These analyses will result in different graphs (histogram, time series analysis…). The main factors of the evolution of the votes for DoR as well as potential correlations between international votes for DoR and national blasphemy laws will be assessed.