Knowledge of how climate change and the way humans use landscapes influences biodiversity, and ecosystem services is mostly obtained through observation. These observations are then used to identify important pollinators or the plants that these pollinators rely on for resources. However, without experiments it is difficult to determine if the knowledge gained through observations is sufficient to guide restoration activities. Questions include: Can the plant that is most frequently visited by pollinators be easily propagated in a greenhouse and planted in degraded areas? Can the most important pollinator be replaced with other pollinators, or if it is lost from the system does the pollination network collapse? Experiments are needed to answer these questions and provide recommendations for landscape restoration where both plants and pollinators thrive. In this project design a series of experiments will be carried out to determine what plant species are most important for hummingbird populations, and how easy it is to grow these species. With this information we will make concrete recommendations on how to restore degraded Andean landscapes in southern Ecuador. The PI-team has three women and one man who come from institutions/countries where women are quite under-represented.