Project

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Transitions from Education to Employment

English title Transitions from Education to Employment
Applicant Jann Ben
Number 198048
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Institut für Soziologie Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Sociology
Start/End 01.01.2021 - 31.12.2024
Approved amount 5'693'000.00
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All Disciplines (7)

Discipline
Sociology
Economics
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Science of management
Psychology
Medico-Social Problems of Youth
Mental Disorders, Psychosomatic Diseases

Keywords (14)

gender; lifecourse research; panel survey school-to-work transition; Switzerland; occupational pathways & careers; educational pathways & careers; multi-user survey; multi-cohort survey; cognitive & non-cognitive skills; school-to-work transitions; inter-disciplinary

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
TREE ist eine längsschnittliche Multikohortenstudie in der Schweiz, die den Bildungs- und Erwerbsverlauf von Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen nach Ende der obligatorischen Schulzeit untersucht. Die erste Kohorte (TREE1) hat die obligatorische Schule im Jahr 2000 verlassen, die zweite Kohorte (TREE2) im Jahr 2016. Beide Kohorten werden in regelmässigen Abständen von TREE befragt.
Lay summary
Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

TREE ist eine Schweizer Panelbefragung, die grosse repräsentative Stichproben von Abgängerinnen und Abgängern der obligatorischen Schule während ihrer nachobligatorischen Aus- und Weiterbildung bis ins Erwerbsleben und Erwachsenenalter begleitet. Die Studie umfasst gegenwärtig zwei Kohorten und sammelt Informationen über Schulleistungen, Bildungswege und berufliche Laufbahnen, ergänzt durch Kontextdaten zu (anderen) Lebensbereichen (z.B. Familie, Gesundheit, Integration) und persönlichen Merkmalen (z.B. kognitive Fähigkeiten und nicht-kognitive Merkmale). Die erste TREE-Kohorte (TREE1, N=6.343) startete im Jahr 2000, wurde bis heute zehnmal befragt und hat 2020 ein Durchschnittsalter von 35 Jahren erreicht. Die zweite Kohorte (TREE2, N=8.431) verliess die obligatorische Schule im Jahr 2016 und wurde seitdem in jährlichen Abständen befragt. Bis 2024 sind drei weitere Panelwellen (Wellen 5 bis 7) für TREE2 geplant. Die nächste (11.) Erhebungswelle für TREE1 ist für 2025 vorgesehen. Das Studiendesign legt die Grundlage für kohortenübergreifende vergleichende Analysen, z.B. im Hinblick auf Veränderungen des Kontextes auf Makroebene (z.B. Reformen des Bildungssystems, Arbeitsmarktbedingungen, demographische und andere gesellschaftliche Veränderungen) und deren Auswirkungen auf die Übergänge von der Schule ins Erwerbsleben.

Das Hauptziel der Studie besteht darin, ein tieferes Verständnis der nachobligatorischen Bildung und der Arbeitsmarktkarrieren sowie der damit verbundenen kritischen Übergänge ins und innerhalb des Erwachsenenalters zu gewinnen. Reichhaltige Kontextdaten ermöglichen es den Forschenden, den Werdegang der Befragten im Detail zu analysieren sowie individuelle, institutionelle und weitere Faktoren zu identifizieren, die erfolgreiche Übergänge fördern oder behindern.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Über die Jahre hat sich TREE1 zu einer unschätzbaren Datengrundlage für die Forschung über Lebensverläufe und kritische Übergänge in der Adoleszenz und im frühen bis mittleren Erwachsenenalter entwickelt, die ein breites Spektrum akademischer Disziplinen abdeckt. Heute gehört TREE1 zu den am häufigsten verwendeten Datensätzen in der sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschung der Schweiz. Mit einer Beobachtungsspanne von mehr als 20 Jahren hat sich der Charakter von TREE1 von einer Erhebung über Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene hin zu einer veritablen Lebenslaufstudie gewandelt. Die Einführung von TREE2 im Jahr 2016 ermöglicht den Vergleich der Bildungswege zweier grosser Schweizer Stichproben von Schulabgängerinnen und Schulabgängern im Abstand von 16 Jahren.

Website
www.tree.unibe.ch
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.11.2020

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
TREE is a longitudinal multi-cohort study investigating post-compulsory educational and labour market pathways of adolescents and adults in Switzerland. The first cohort (TREE1) has left mandatory school in 2000, the second cohort (TREE2) in 2016. Both cohorts are being followed up by TREE at regular intervals.
Lay summary
Content and objective of the research project

TREE is a panel survey following up large representative samples of compulsory school leavers in Switzerland through their post-compulsory education and training and into employment and adulthood. The study currently follows up two cohorts, gathering data about school performance, educational pathways and occupational careers. These data are complemented by contextualizing data on (other) life domains (e.g., family/significant others, health, integration) and personal characteristics (e.g., cognitive skills and non-cognitive factors). The first TREE cohort (TREE1, N=6.343) started in 2000, has been re-interviewed ten times to date and has reached an average age of 35 by 2020. The second cohort (TREE2, N=8.431) left compulsory school in 2016 and has since been re-interviewed at yearly intervals. Until 2024, three more panel waves (waves 5 to 7) are planned for TREE2. The next (11th) survey wave for TREE1 is planned for 2025. The study's design lays the base for comparative analyses across cohorts, e.g. regarding changes of macro-level context (e.g. education system reforms, labour market conditions, demographic and other societal changes) and their effects on school-to-work transitions.

The main objective of the study is to gain a deeper understanding of post-compulsory education and labour market careers and related critical transitions towards and within adulthood. A rich set of contextual data allow researchers not only to analyse respondents’ pathways in great detail, but also and foremost to identify individual, institutional and other factors fostering or hampering successful transitions.

Scientific and social context

Over the years and across a wide range of academic disciplines, TREE1 has grown to serve as an invaluable database for research on pathways and critical transitions throughout adolescence and early to middle adulthood. Today, TREE1 is to be found among the country’s most widely used data sets in the social sciences. With an observation span of over 20 years, the character of TREE1 has gradually shifted from a youth and young adult survey towards a veritable life course study. The implementation of TREE2 in 2016 allows for pathway comparisons of two large Swiss school leavers samples 16 years apart from each other.

Website
www.tree.unibe.ch
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.11.2020

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
170404 Transitionen von der Erstausbildung ins Erwerbsleben 01.04.2017 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

TREE (Transitions from Education to Employment; www.tree.unibe.ch) is a data-infrastructure study for the social sciences that provides high-quality longitudinal data on educational and occupational trajectories in Switzerland for the use within the scientific community at large. The source of the data is a multi-cohort panel study of school leavers who are followed up after they completed compulsory school at the age of approx. 15 to 16 years.The first TREE panel study (TREE1 henceforth) surveys school leavers of the year 2000 and is based on the Swiss PISA survey of that year. It thus draws on a large national baseline sample covering all language regions. Due to the class-room setting in which the study has been conducted, it is only minimally affected by unit non-response (EDK, 2002). The TREE1 cohort has been re-surveyed ten times since, the last time in winter 2019/20 at an average age of 35. Owing to the over-all observation span of 20 years (so far), we have been able to extend the TREE1 cohort study to a full-blown life course survey that allows for longitudinal analyses of education and labour market pathways taking into account possible interactions with other life domains. The second TREE panel (TREE2 henceforth) drew on AES/ÜGK 2016* as baseline survey, a nationwide large scale assess-ment of mathematics skills conducted in 2016 (Konsortium ÜGK, 2019) as baseline survey. Similar to PISA 2000, this survey is classroom-based and administered to a large, both regionally (cantonally) and nationally representative sample with an excellent coverage and response rate.Along with detailed data of context characteristics covering domains such as family, school and personality, the baseline surveys of both TREE cohorts provide sophisticated and elaborate measurements of respondents’ cognitive skills which are at the respondents’ command at the end of their compulsory schooling (9th grade). The subsequent follow-up survey waves of TREE then collected detailed data on education and labour market spells, which were contextualized by a rich set of complementary information on various life domains that, in previous research, have been identified as factors relevant for the respondents’ later transitions from education into working and adult life.Over the years and across a wide range of academic disciplines (such as sociology, economics, educational science and psycholo-gy), TREE1 has grown to serve as an invaluable database for research on pathways and critical transitions of adolescents and young adults. Today, TREE1 is to be found among the country’s most widely used data sets in the social sciences (Hupka-Brunner & Meyer, 2019). A first release of data covering the second TREE cohort (TREE2) is about to be published in the course of this year (2020). This greatly enhances the research potential of the TREE data inasmuch as the release (a) provides up-to-date post-compulsory pathway and transition data and (b) allows for comparative analysis of two cohorts.With the present proposal we therefore request funding for the following main tasks to be accomplished in the period of 2021 to 2024:-Continuation of the TREE2 panel by means of three additional survey waves to be conducted in 2021, 2022 and 2024, including publication of a further data release in 2023;-Continuation of the TREE1 panel by means of a further data release in 2021 and the preparation of an additional survey wave to be conducted in winter 2024/25;-Preparation and organisation of an international TREE conference on the occasion of the study’s 20th anniversary (2021).* Assessment of the Attainment of Educational Standards (in German: Überprüfung des Erreichens der Grundkompetenzen (ÜGK)).See https://www.icer.unibe.ch/projects/aes_german__uegk/index_eng.html.
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