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Negotiating Educational Spaces in Residential Child Care 1970 - 1990. An Interdisciplinary Comparison on Transformation Processes in Austria, Germany and Switzerland

English title Negotiating Educational Spaces in Residential Child Care 1970 - 1990. An Interdisciplinary Comparison on Transformation Processes in Austria, Germany and Switzerland
Applicant Hauss Gisela
Number 197049
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut Integration und Partizipation Hochschule für Soziale Arbeit Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz
Institution of higher education University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (without UTE) - FHNW
Main discipline Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Start/End 01.09.2021 - 31.08.2024
Approved amount 320'942.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education
Sociology
Social work

Keywords (6)

educational spaces ; Configurations of change and persistence ; Social welfare ; Residential care history; Spatial theory approach ; Welfare landscapes

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die These vom Ende der Anstaltserziehung in den 1970er Jahren im deutschsprachigen Raum trifft nur sehr bedingt zu. Im Gefolge von 68 kam es zwar allerorts zu Kritik am System der geschlossenen Heimerziehung und zu mehr oder weniger durchgreifenden Reforminitiativen. Nicht wenige Kinder und Jugendliche gelangten jedoch mindestens weitere zwei Jahrzehnte in kaum veränderte Fürsorgeinstitutionen. Diese Schwellenzeit zwischen Veränderung und Beharrung hat bislang wenig wissenschaftliche Aufmerksamkeit erfahren. Das Projekt will diese Forschungslücke nun schließen.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel

In den 1970er und 1980er Jahren entwickelte sich die Heimerziehung in verschiedenen Wohlfahrtsregionen unterschiedlich bezüglich Dynamiken, Graden und Geschwindigkeiten. Wie zeigten sich diese Entwicklungen? Welche Dynamiken lassen sich ausmachen und welche wechselseitigen Wirkungen erzeugten diese lokal, regional, national und transnational? Welche strukturellen und institutionellen Hinterlassenschaften, welche Diskursfelder und Akteurskonstellationen bestimmten Grade und Geschwindigkeiten der Transformation?

Das Ziel des grenzüberschreitenden Dreiländer-Projekts ist eine angemessene und differenzierte Beschreibung einer bislang wenig erforschten Schwellenzeit, die neue Erkenntnisse zur jüngeren Heimgeschichte erbringt sowie Methodologien zur Erforschung wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Transformationen liefert.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das an drei verschiedenen Universitäten lokalisierte Projekt (Universität Innsbruck, Kassel und Nordwestschweiz) nutzt als Erkenntnisstrategie den Vergleich. Als empirische Untersuchungseinheiten dienen sechs Fallstudien. Sie repräsentieren drei prototypische und kontrastiv gewählte Wohlfahrtsregionen: Tirol/Vorarlberg (A), Hessen (D) und Zürich (CH). Untersucht werden die Aushandlungsprozesse um die sich wandelnden Erziehungsräume. Die jeweiligen Wohlfahrtslandschaften und Wohlfahrtsregime markieren hierbei die Kontextbedingungen. Eine relationale und handlungsorientiere Raumtheorie perspektiviert die Untersuchung.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 30.09.2021

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
147695 Placing Children in Care: Child welfare in Switzerland (1940-1990) 01.11.2013 Sinergia
185631 Laboratories for professionalization in social welfare. Central civic associations caught between standardization and plurality 01.09.2019 NRP 76 Welfare and coercion

Abstract

Hypothesis I Research Questions I Objectivs: The 1970s have commonly been considered to mark the end of restrictive residential care for children in the German-speaking area. However, preliminary studies for this project have shown that this thesis is only partially true. In the 1970s-1980s, the residential childcare systems in different welfare regions in Austria, Germany and Switzerland developed at varying speeds and degrees. In the wake of 1968, widespread criticism of residential care lead to reform initiatives with different levels of effectiveness. But, many areas actually lacked substantial change. A significant number of children and youths experienced only slightly altered conditions in residential care institutions for at least another two decades. Little research has been done on this transition period marked by change and persistence. This project aims to close this research gap. What are the dynamics of the transformation processes in the welfare regions under investigation? Which reciprocal effects do they lead to - on a local, regional, national and transnational level? Which established institutio¬nal practices and structures, which fields of discourse and which constellations of protagonists determine the degree and speed of transformation? Approach I Methods I Theoretical Framework: This study uses a comparative approach. Six case studies will serve as empirical research units. They have been selected to represent three prototypical and contrasting welfare regions that reflect the non-simultaneous conditions of development in the period under investigation: Tyrol/Vorarlberg (Austria), Hesse (Germany) and Zurich (Switzerland). Data will be drawn from extensive archival sources as well as from several dozen interviews to be conducted with eyewitnesses from the transition period. The project will examine how changes in educational spaces in residential childcare were negotiated. The specific welfare landscapes along with their respective welfare regimes provide the contextual conditions for these negotiations. A relational and activity-theoretical spatial theory is used as a research perspective. Wider research context I Level of originality and innovation:The purpose of the trilateral cross-border project is to deliver an appropriate and differentiated description of this under researched transition period, not only to provide new findings related to the recent history of out-of-home care, but also to seek new methodologies in researching welfare state transformations. Primary researchers involved: This project is jointly conducted by the universities of Innsbruck (M. Ralser), Kassel (M. Bereswill) and Nordwestschweiz (G. Hauss). It includes researchers from several disciplines ranging from Educational Science and History to Sociology and Social Work.
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