Project

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Cultural differences in normative cognitions in childhood

Applicant Helbling Natascha
Number 188317
Funding scheme Doc.CH (until 2020)
Research institution Allgemeine und Entwicklungspsychologie Psychologisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.09.2019 - 31.08.2023
Approved amount 256'359.00
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Keywords (7)

norms; development; culture; childhood; cultural differences; normative cognitions; developmental psychology

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Soziale Normen sind Richtlinien, die das Zusammenleben von Mitgliedern einer Gesellschaft regulieren, indem sie als informelle Vorschriften fungieren und dadurch einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Kooperation zwischen Menschen leisten. Dieses Projekt ist das erste, das verschiedene Aspekte normativer Kognitionen (Entscheidungen, Rechtfertigungen, Protestverhalten, Emotionen) und Verhaltensweisen in einem einzelnen Projekt integriert und zugleich mit mono- und bikulturellen Kindern untersucht.
Lay summary

Das Projekt erforscht, ob kulturelle Unterschiede in normativen Kognitionen während der Kindheit existieren, wie sich diese Kognitionen äussern und wie Kinder auf Normverletzungen reagieren. Die kulturellen Ausdrucksformen normativer Kognitionen werden auf drei Achsen untersucht: Allgemeines Verständnis über die Verteilung von Normen, individuelle Akzeptanz kulturspezifischer und interkultureller Normen sowie die Durchsetzung von Normen. Zur Untersuchung dieser Achsen werden im Laufe des Projekts drei Studien durchgeführt und die Daten zu den normativen Kognitionen werden mit verschiedenen Methoden (Umfragen, Verhaltensdaten) erfasst.

Das Projekt ermöglicht die Erhebung und Integration verschiedener Aspekte normativer Kognitionen und Verhaltensweisen bei Kindern. Durch die Teilnahme von Versuchspersonen aus Gebieten mit hoher ethnischer Diversität erlauben die Ergebnisse eine aussergewöhnliche Sichtweise auf die Folgen der Globalisierung auf gesellschaftlicher Ebene. Die Erhebung von mono- und bikulturellen Kindern trägt dazu bei, die Generationsentwicklung im Zuge der Globalisierung sowie Auswirkungen langfristiger gesellschaftlicher Vermischung von Kulturen zu verstehen und fördert die Sensibilität und das Verständnis für kulturspezifische Verhaltensweisen und Kognitionen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.09.2019

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Social norms are guidelines that regulate the cohabitation of members of a society. In particular, they act as informal rules and play a significant role in the cooperation between people.This project will be the first one to assess and integrate different aspects of normative cognitions (decisions, justifications, protest behaviour, emotions) and behaviours in a single project with monocultural as well as bicultural children.
Lay summary

The project investigates whether there are cultural differences in normative cognitions during childhood, how children's normative cognitions present themselves and how children react to norm violations. Cultural expressions of normative cognitions are examined based on three axes: General understanding of norm distribution, individual acceptance of culture-specific and cross-cultural norms, and enforcement of norms. To investigate these axes three different studies will be conducted in the course of the project. Data regarding normative cognitions will be gathered with different methods (surveys, behavioural data) in order to assess cultural diversity.

The project allows the assessment and integration of many different aspects of normative cognitions and behaviours in children. Due to the inclusion of participants from areas with high ethnic diversity in the studies, the findings will allow a compelling view at the consequences of globalisation on the societal level. The testing of bicultural in addition to monocultural children will aid in understanding generational development in the course of globalisation and long-term societal mixing of cultures. Furthermore, the study of normative cognitions in a cultural context can help to promote sensitivity to and understanding of culturally specific behaviours and cognitions.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.09.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
The Chinese University of Hong Kong Hongkong (Asia)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Gerhard Mercator Graduiertenkolleg Weltoffenheit, Toleranz und Gemeinsinn Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Universitas Pelita Harapan Indonesia (Asia)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Unversität Zürich, Lehrstuhl für Entwicklungspsychologie: Säuglings- und Kindesalter Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
LIFE Fall Academy 2020 Talk given at a conference Cross-Cultural Norms and their Importance. 08.10.2020 Berlin, Germany Helbling Natascha;
vICIS 2020 Congress Poster Pink is a girl's colour and blue is a boy's? Early childhood norms in the UK. 06.07.2020 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Helbling Natascha;
LIFE Spring Academy 2020 Poster Cultural differences in normative cognition during childhood 27.05.2020 Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America Helbling Natascha;


Awards

Title Year
Fellow der International Max Planck Research School on the Life Course (LIFE) 2020

Abstract

In the wake of globalisation, more and more people with diverse cultural backgrounds live closely together. People with different cultural backgrounds adhere to various norms that may conflict with each other. For this reason, it is essential to understand the social norms that people with different cultural backgrounds adhere to as well as their reaction to norm violations. However, little is known exactly about what norms are most relevant in a particular culture and which of these norms are culture-specific or cross-cultural. There is also a lack of knowledge about how committing norm violations affects the social fabric as well as the status of people in different cultures. The proposed project will investigate whether there are cultural differences in normative cognitions during childhood. Specifically, it will investigate the norm distribution across different cultures, the individual acceptance of culture-specific and cross-cultural norms as well as the enforcement of norms. For this purpose, questionnaires for adults will be administered and experiments with children aged 4 to 8 years of various cultural backgrounds will be conducted. The results of this project will provide crucial insights into the development of norm knowledge and the reactions to norm violations. Due to the inclusion of people from areas with high ethnic diversity in this study, the findings will allow a compelling look at the consequences of globalisation on the societal level.
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