Project

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Parliamentarians and Interest Groups: Drivers and Consequences of Collaboration

Applicant Huwyler Oliver
Number 188235
Funding scheme Doc.Mobility
Research institution Department of Political Science University of North Carolina
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.09.2019 - 31.08.2020
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Keywords (6)

Interest Groups; Legislative studies; Parliamentarians; Political careers; Political communication; Moonlighting

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
In der westlichen Welt arbeiten Parlamentsabgeordneten oftmals mit Interessengruppen zusammen, sei dies im Rahmen von Nebentätigkeiten oder mittels loserer Formen des Kontaktes. Dies birgt Chancen, aber auch Risiken für das Funktionieren repräsentativer Demokratien.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziele: Diese Beziehung zwischen ParlamentarierInnen und Interessengruppen bietet verschiedene Ansatzpunkte zur Untersuchung. In einem ersten Schritt soll das Zustandekommen dieser Zusammenarbeit in Führungsgremien erklärt werden. Sowohl aus Sicht der Abgeordneten als auch der Interessengruppen wird untersucht, welche Motive, Anreize und Hindernisse sich bei solchen langfristigen Verbindungen als relevant erweisen. In einer zweiten Etappe wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie sich solche Beziehungen auf das Verhalten der Abgeordneten im Parlament auswirken.

Die beiden Themenschwerpunkte sollen aus einer länderübergreifenden Perspektive untersucht werden. Zu diesem Zweck werden die Interessenbindungen von Abgeordneten erhoben. Diese Daten können nicht nur mit Verhaltensdaten verknüpft werden, sondern ermöglichen in Verbindung mit vorhandenen Daten des Projektes Parlamentarische Karrieren im Vergleich (http://p3.snf.ch/project-162427) auch ländervergleichende Studien.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext: Die Ergebnisse des Projektes tragen wichtige Erkenntnisse zum wissenschaftlichen Diskurs über Interessengruppen, ParlamentarierInnen und im weiteren Sinne Gesetzgebungsprozessen bei. Damit bieten sie auch die Grundlage für öffentliche Debatten wie etwa zu Transparenz im Lobbying, der Unabhängigkeit von Abgeordneten oder der Professionalisierung von Parlamenten.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 10.10.2020

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Political or Financial Benefits? Ideology, Tenure, and Parliamentarians’ Choice of Interest Group Ties
Huwyler Oliver, Turner‐Zwinkels Tomas (2020), Political or Financial Benefits? Ideology, Tenure, and Parliamentarians’ Choice of Interest Group Ties, in Swiss Political Science Review, 26(1), 73-95.

Datasets

Replication Data for Political or Financial Benefits? Ideology, Tenure, and Parliamentarians’ Choice of Interest Group Tie

Author Huwyler, Oliver; Turner-Zwinkels, Tomas
Publication date 11.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.1111/spsr.12391
Repository Swiss Political Science Review


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Tomas Turner-Zwinkels (University of Basel) Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Shane Martin (University of Essex) Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- Publication
Stefanie Bailer (University of Basel) Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Frank R. Baumgartner (UNC Chapel Hill) United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Amercian Political Science Association Annual Meeting 2020 Talk given at a conference How Social Presence Shapes Responsiveness: Interest Group Tactics and Legislative Behavior 10.09.2020 Online, United States of America Huwyler Oliver;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Welche Parlamentarier können sich Verwaltungsratsmandate leisten? DeFacto German-speaking Switzerland 2020

Awards

Title Year
CQ Press Award for the best paper in legislative studies presented at the 2019 APSA Annual Meeting (shared with Tomas Turner-Zwinkels and Stefanie Bailer) 2020

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
162427 Parliamentary Careers in Comparison 01.09.2016 Project funding
195721 Parliamentarians and Interest Groups: Drivers and Consequences of Collaboration (Follow-Up) 01.09.2020 Doc.Mobility

Abstract

The study of incumbent legislators’ collaboration with organized interests lies at the intersection of primarily moonlighting and interest group research. Moonlighting concerns parliamentarian-centric research on extra-parliamentary activities. Existing studies in the field have drawn strong attention to differences in patterns among moonlighting parliamentarians but remained relatively undertheorized. Interest group research, in contrast has been offering more systematic and theory-driven approaches to parliamentarian-interest group relations, conceptualizing them as an exchange relationship. However, this literature has remained limited to the interest group perspective.My research seeks to bridge the gap between these two fields and introduce more theory-driven analyses, particularly for parliamentarian-centric research. First, I focus on studying why and under what conditions parliamentarians seek outside employment - and what kind. Second, my research looks at the behavioral consequences of the collaboration between parliamentarians and interest groups.For my proposed year at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH), I have set multiple goals. My main overarching scientific and career objective is to further deepen my knowledge and skills in the area of interest group research by enjoying the mentoring support of Professor Frank Baumgartner, a leading expert in the field and by becoming part of the relevant research community at Chapel Hill. More specifically in terms of research output, my goal is, on the one hand, to work with data on earnings rather than making rough inferences from information on interest group types. On the other hand, I intend to investigate legislators’ extra-parliamentary activities in a comparative (cross-national) perspective. To achieve this goal, the already collected and coded data from Switzerland will be supplemented with data on 1.513 German parliamentarians since 2005. The choice of German parliamentarians is not only driven by the availability of high quality income data but also because it allows for the integration with existing German legislator data that is being collected by the Parliamentary Careers in Comparison (PCC) project. In the end, this allows for a quantitative analysis based on large case numbers.In scientific terms, the results of my work inform the current debates in the moonlighting and interest group literature. Moreover, my research also contributes to specific areas of research on parliaments and parliamentarians, and more broadly, legislative studies. As far as societal relevance is concerned, the results of my research are insightful to several important public debates including questions on lobbying transparency, parliamentarians’ incomes, responsiveness, and representativeness in the realm of parliaments.
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