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The Economics of Residential Care in Switzerland since 1940. Funding and Controlling Models in Child and Youth Care

English title The Economics of Residential Care in Switzerland since 1940. Funding and Controlling Models in Child and Youth Care
Applicant Leimgruber Matthieu
Number 185663
Funding scheme NRP 76 Welfare and coercion
Research institution Forschungsstelle für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Swiss history
Start/End 01.09.2019 - 28.02.2023
Approved amount 437'499.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Swiss history
Economics

Keywords (5)

Federalism; Welfare history; Residential care policy; Mixed welfare economy; Financial policy

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Komplexe Finanzierungsstrukturen, geringe Subventionen und lokale Autonomie haben in der Schweiz dazu geführt, dass in zahlreichen Heimen und Anstalten ein Mangel an materiellen Ressourcen, geeigneten Wohn- und Schlafräumen, hygienischen Standards und ausgebildeten Fachkräften bestand, was für die platzierten Personen nicht selten zu menschenunwürdigen Lebensverhältnissen führte.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Die Studie untersucht die Finanzierungs- und Steuerungsmodelle des Heimwesens seit 1940 unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Föderalismus im schweizerischen Wohlfahrtsstaat sowie dem Zusammenspiel zwischen staatlichen und privaten Akteuren. Aus wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher sowie sozial- und wirtschaftshistorischer Perspektive wird die Entwicklung der Finanzierungsmodelle auf Bundes-, Kantons- und lokaler Ebene analysiert. Wir betrachten drei kontrastierende Kantone und vergleichen diese miteinander. Neben der Entwicklung der Finanzierungsstrukturen interessiert, ob und wie mithilfe von Subventionspraktiken Reformschübe ausgelöst wurden, indem Subventionen an Bedingungen gekoppelt wurden. Noch heute weist die Finanzierung des Heimwesens heterogene Strukturen auf. Diese Komplexität soll über die Rekonstruktion der historischen Prozesse erschlossen werden.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Bisherige Forschungen zu den fürsorgerischen Zwangsmassnahmen haben in der Regel einen lokal begrenzten Raum untersucht und haben sich kaum mit wirtschaftshistorischen Fragen befasst. Die Studie öffnet den Blickwinkel auf den Föderalismus und verortet den Heimsektor in den breiteren Kontext der Sozialstaatsentwicklung in der Schweiz.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.06.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
121611 The emergence of the “crisis of the welfare state”: a social and transnational history (1970s-1980s) 01.04.2009 Ambizione
124248 Umbruch an der "inneren Front". Krieg und Sozialpolitik in der Schweiz, 1938-1948 01.11.2008 Publication grants

Abstract

So far, research on compulsory social measures has predominantly examined a restricted local space on the grounds that these measures have traditionally been attributed to cantonal and communal social policy. Moreover, questions about compulsory social measures have hardly been analyzed from an economic history and science perspective. However, more recent studies with a focus on financial flows show that the federal government has played a more important role than previously assumed (Germann 2017). Thanks to its subsidization it has been able to exert indirect influence on the resi-dential care sector and trigger reform processes „from above.“ Taking this basic assumption as a starting point we will explore federalism with respect to financial flows in the residential care sector’s child and youth care. Financial flows will be examined from the federal level to the cantons, com-munes and practice organizations. We will make a comparative analysis of three contrasting cantons (Geneva, St Gall, Uri). In addition, we will investigate funding structures between public and private sponsors that addressed the institutions.Subsidies are, as a general rule, subject to determined expectations with regard to the professional provision of services. In this context we are interested in understanding what funding and controlling models have been developed and how they have changed over the investigation period since 1940. In an additional step we will analyze to what extent requirements attached to subsidies have contrib-uted to changes in the quality of residential care institutions and the type of service provision. The study is designed in a interdisciplinary way and adopts historic and economic approaches. It will ex-amine welfare pluralism in the residential care sector as mixed welfare economy. The division of re-sponsibilities and financial relations between the state, the cantons and the communes will be ana-lyzed on the basis of the economic theory of federalism. The focus will be on the decentralization theorem and the concept of fiscal equivalence. The comparative perspective between the cantons will be explored with the concepts of Policy-Transfers and Policy-Diffusion. We study how cantons mutually influence each other and how innovative concepts spread between them. Complexity in funding continues to this day. The historic examination of financial flows allows for a critical reflection about the foundations of the current situation as well as future funding scenarios. In the course of the study we will discuss intermediate findings with practice partners in three work-shops. We will collectively think about what learning processes can be drawn from the study’s find-ings for present-day and future funding and controlling of the residential care sector. The study also promotes junior researchers: We will create two doctoral positions in history and eco-nomic sciences.
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