Project

Back to overview

The complexity of self-regulation in daily life: Investigating three types of self-control conflict and the self-regulatory strategies people use to deal with them

English title The complexity of self-regulation in daily life: Investigating three types of self-control conflict and the self-regulatory strategies people use to deal with them
Applicant Hennecke Marie
Number 179207
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution University of Siegen Department of Psychology
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.10.2018 - 31.12.2021
Approved amount 375'857.00
Show all

Keywords (5)

Self-regulatory strategies; Experience sampling; Individual differences; Goal pursuit; Self-regulation

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Viele Menschen erleben in ihrem Alltag immer wieder psychische Konflikte, bei denen was sie tun sollten nicht dem entspricht, was sie gerne tun würden. Beispiele für solche sogenannten Selbstkontrollkonflikte beinhalten Situationen, in denen Studierende sich auf eine Prüfung vorbereiten, aber die zu lernenden Materialien langweilig oder schwierig finden, wenn ein Projekt bei der Arbeit so wenig Tätigkeitsfreude verspricht, dass es schwer fällt, damit anzufangen, oder wenn das Stück Geburtstagskuchen, das ein Kollege anbietet, das eigene Idealgewicht in noch weitere Ferne rücken lässt.
Lay summary

In diesem Projekt schauen wir uns drei verschiedene Arten von Selbstkontrollkonflikten genauer an. Wir unterscheiden dabei zwischen 1) Initiationskonflikten (wenn eine Person keine Lust hat, eine unangenehme Aufgabe zu beginnen), 2) Persistenzkonflikten (wenn eine Person keine Lust hat, eine unangenehme Aufgabe fortzuführen) und 3) Inhibitionskonflikten (wenn eine Versuchung mit einem Ziel oder einer Aufgabe in Konflikt steht). Unser Fokus liegt dabei auf Faktoren, die erklären, wieso solche Konflikte auftreten und unter welchen Umständen Konflikte erfolgreich aufgelöst werden können. Hierbei interessieren uns insbesondere aktive Selbstregulationsstrategien, die Personen spontan in ihrem Alltag, wenn sie einen Selbstkontrollkonflikt erleben, einsetzen. Welche Strategien sind das? Welche Strategien sind erfolgreich, welche eher nicht? Hilft es beispielsweise, sich auszumalen, wie es sein wird, wenn man das Ziel, dem eine Versuchung im Weg steht, erreicht? Oder wenn man sich von einer Versuchung ablenkt? Kann der Einsatz von erfolgreichen Strategien erklären, warum manche Personen – zum Beispiel Personen mit hoher Gewissenhaftigkeit – besser als andere Selbstkontrollkonflikte auflösen? Wir möchten diese und weitere Fragen beantworten, um ein genaueres Bild der Entstehungsbedingungen von Selbstkontrollkonflikten erhalten, aber auch um besser zu verstehen, was zu einer erfolgreichen Zielverfolgung in Angesicht solcher Konflikte beitragen kann. Auf lange Sicht kann insbesondere letzteres auch die Gestaltung von Interventionen informieren, die Personen, die ansonsten Schwierigkeiten haben, ihre Ziele zu erreichen, dabei unterstützen können.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 01.10.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Self-Control Dynamics in Daily Life: The Importance of Variability Between Self-Regulatory Strategies and Strategy Differentiation
Wenzel Mario, Bürgler Sebastian, Rowland Zarah, Hennecke Marie (2021), Self-Control Dynamics in Daily Life: The Importance of Variability Between Self-Regulatory Strategies and Strategy Differentiation, in European Journal of Personality, 0890207021-0890207021.
Flexibility in Using Self-Regulatory Strategies to Manage Self-Control Conflicts: The Role of Metacognitive Knowledge, Strategy Repertoire, and Feedback Monitoring
Bürgler Sebastian, Hoyle Rick H., Hennecke Marie (2021), Flexibility in Using Self-Regulatory Strategies to Manage Self-Control Conflicts: The Role of Metacognitive Knowledge, Strategy Repertoire, and Feedback Monitoring, in European Journal of Personality, 36(6), 861-880.
Many roads lead to Rome: Self‐regulatory strategies and their effects on self‐control
Hennecke Marie, Bürgler Sebastian (2020), Many roads lead to Rome: Self‐regulatory strategies and their effects on self‐control, in Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 14(6), 1-16.

Datasets

The Complexity of Self-Regulation in Daily Life: Investigating Three Types of Self-Control Conflicts and the Self-Regulatory Strategies People use to Deal with them

Author Bürgler, Sebastian; Hennecke, Marie
Publication date 20.12.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/V546C
Repository Open Science Framework


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Dr. Mario Wenzel Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Motivational Psychology Colloquium (MPK) Talk given at a conference Smart strategy use: Metacognition, strategy repertoire, and polyregulation in daily self-control conflicts 28.10.2021 Zürich, Switzerland Bürgler Sebastian; Hennecke Marie;
Academy of the International Max Planck Graduate Scholl on the Life Course (LIFE): Alumni Lecture Individual talk Many roads lead to Rome: The role of regulatory flexibility for self-control in daily life 12.10.2021 Virtuell, Switzerland Hennecke Marie;
Society for Ambulatory Assessment (SAA) Conference 2021 Talk given at a conference Metacognition in daily self-control conflicts: Results from two experience sampling studies 30.06.2021 Virtuell, Switzerland Hennecke Marie; Bürgler Sebastian;
Association for Psychological Science (APS) Annual Convention Talk given at a conference The importance of strategy repertoire for success in daily self-control conflicts 21.05.2021 Cancelled due to COVID-19, United States of America Hennecke Marie; Bürgler Sebastian;
Society for the Science of Motivation (SSM) Conference Talk given at a conference Metacognition in daily self-control conflicts 13.05.2021 Virtuell, United States of America Hennecke Marie; Bürgler Sebastian;
Social Psychology Brownbag Colloquium Individual talk Many roads lead to Rome: The role of regulatory flexibility for self-control in daily life 26.02.2021 Duke University/Virtuell, United States of America Hennecke Marie;
Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Motivational Science Preconference Poster Metacognition in daily self-control conflicts. 09.02.2021 Virtuell, United States of America Bürgler Sebastian; Hennecke Marie;
Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) Annual Convention. Poster Metacognition in daily self-control conflicts 09.02.2021 Virtuell, United States of America Bürgler Sebastian; Hennecke Marie;
Institutskolloquium, Institut für Psychologie Individual talk Self-regulatory strategies and self-control 08.12.2020 Hamburg/Virtuell, Germany Hennecke Marie;
Instituskolloquium, Institut für Psychologie Individual talk Self-control in daily life: The role of self-regulatory strategies 01.04.2020 Cancelled due to Covid-19, Germany Hennecke Marie;
Motivational Psychology Colloquium (MPK) Poster Success in daily self-control conflicts: The importance of self-observation and self-knowledge. 10.10.2019 Berlin, Germany Bürgler Sebastian; Hennecke Marie;
Developmental Psychology Colloquium Individual talk Self-regulation during goal pursuit in daily life 07.10.2019 Tilburg, Netherlands Hennecke Marie;
Conference of the German Psychological Society - Personality Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics (DPPD) Talk given at a conference Smart strategy use: Metacognition, strategy repertoire, and polyregulation in daily self-control conflicts. 12.09.2019 Ulm/Virtuell, Germany Hennecke Marie; Bürgler Sebastian;


Abstract

The proposed project investigates self-control: the processes by which individuals alter their cognitive, emotional, or behavioral responses in the service of their long-term goals (Baumeister, Vohs, & Tice, 2007). A first line of research will investigate three different types of self-control conflicts in orchestration, namely conflicts that occur when people feel like they should but do not want to (1) inhibit goal-inconsistent behavior (e.g., a bad habit or the impulse to give in to some temptation), (2) initiate unpleasant or effortful goal-directed activities, and (3) persist in such activities. To investigate these three types of self-control conflict in daily life, we will deploy experience sampling. This method will allow us to describe how frequently these types of conflict occur, as well as how they are experienced, including the goal domains in which they appear, their subjective conflict strength, duration, and whether people succeed in resolving them. We will furthermore test hypotheses that link the three conflict types to antecedents within the person’s stable personality traits (e.g., their trait self-control) and momentary states (e.g., their positive and negative affect). In a second line of research, we will thoroughly investigate the self-regulatory strategies that people spontaneously use to resolve the three types of self-control conflicts in their daily lives. Participants will report on their use of a wide range of strategies whenever they encounter one of these self-regulatory conflicts. We will test if the person’s self-regulatory traits, the type of conflict, and specific characteristics of the to-be-avoided temptations and the to-be-initiated or the to-be-continued activities predict which strategies are used and which strategies are ultimately successful. This will allow us to gain insights into the processes through which self-regulatory traits “get outside the skin.” For example, individuals with high levels of trait self-control or conscientiousness may achieve better momentary self-regulation through the use of more successful strategies. It is also possible that individuals with high levels of self-regulatory traits display larger regulatory flexibility when choosing strategies in response to self-regulatory challenges. We will therefore also investigate individual differences in repertoire (that is, the number of different strategies used by a person) and sensitivity to context. Alternatively, traits and strategies could represent independent routes to successful self-regulation. We will be able to test these different accounts through mediation models. Our data analytic approach involves a clear distinction between exploratory and confirmatory research. For each line of research, we will explore our research questions extensively in the data set of a first study. We will then preregister the hypotheses that follow from these explorations, as well as the methods and analyses procedures before then running and analyzing a second confirmatory follow-up study. Through the integration of trait- and process-approaches to self-regulation, this project will advance a more comprehensive understanding of self-regulatory success and failure outside the lab. By relying on the method of experience sampling, we will be able to collect ecologically valid and rich data sets that capture the complexities of human experience and behavior during these types of self-regulatory conflicts in daily life. The project’s applied potential lies in its ability to provide information about which self-regulatory strategies are effective under diverse real-life circumstances, thereby allowing us to, in the long run, provide better advice and design better interventions that equip people to meet various self-control challenges in everyday life.
-