Project

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The algorithmic (public) sphere: new media, knowledge production and access to information online

Applicant Radu Roxana
Number 178007
Funding scheme Early Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution Centre for Socio-Legal Studies Law Faculty University of Oxford
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.06.2018 - 30.04.2020
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Political science
Communication sciences

Keywords (5)

algorithmic governance; decision-making ; new media; access to information; public deliberation

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Ce projet analyse les effets du contrôle des algorithmes et de la propriété corporative sur la (re)constitution d’espaces de délibération publique. S'appuyant sur un cadre analytique original, il examine de manière critique les normes et règles émergentes pour l'accès à l'information dirigé par des algorithmes en s’intéressant tant aux engagements légaux qu’aux initiatives volontaires.
Lay summary

Les développements internet et les progrès algorithmiques ont été fortement liés ces dernières années, l’un alimentant l’autre. Le déploiement étendu d’algorithmes gérant et soignant les données en ligne ont évolué vers l’intégration de celles-ci dans les processus de prise de décision à tout niveau, de l’établissement de standards aux mesures de sanctions. Ce projet analyse les effets du contrôle des algorithmes et de la propriété corporative sur la (re)constitution d’espaces de délibération publique. S'appuyant sur un cadre analytique original, il examine de manière critique les normes et règles émergentes pour l'accès à l'information dirigé par des algorithmes en s’intéressant tant aux engagements légaux qu’aux initiatives volontaires. Les dimensions examinées ici s’appliquent tant aux régulations passées que présentes, elles se divisent en trois catégories : enracinement légal (règles qui lie de façon contraignante), consolidation institutionnelle (entités spécialisées et domaines de travail) et modélisation (règles souples pour façonner le comportement, allant de simples directives à des résolutions influentes).


En étudiant comment l'accès à l’information individuel et collectif est réorienté à travers des décisions algorithmiques clés, ce projet fait une première percée dans les multiples facettes de la gouvernance des nouveaux médias et de la production de connaissances. Des méthodes hybrides sont employées ici pour saisir la complexité du domaine, y compris un exercice initial de cartographie des initiatives réglementaires existantes ainsi que volontaires, auxquels s’ajoutent une analyse de contenu et des entrevues avec des experts. Au-delà de sa valeur académique, cette étude est opportune pour les décideurs politiques et les experts en droit des médias, mais aussi pour les développeurs travaillant sur l'apprentissage automatique et l'intelligence artificielle. Les résultats de cette étude seront diffusés dans les milieux universitaires et politiques par le biais d'articles spécialisés, de notes d'orientation politique et de contributions aux discussions publiques.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 23.04.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
The governance of 5G infrastructure: between path dependency and risk-based approaches
Radu Roxana, Amon Cedric (2021), The governance of 5G infrastructure: between path dependency and risk-based approaches, in Journal of Cybersecurity, 7(1), 1-16.
Steering the governance of artificial intelligence: national strategies in perspective
Radu Roxana (2021), Steering the governance of artificial intelligence: national strategies in perspective, in Policy and Society, 1-16.
Fighting the ‘Infodemic’: Legal Responses to COVID-19 Disinformation
Radu Roxana (2020), Fighting the ‘Infodemic’: Legal Responses to COVID-19 Disinformation, in Social Media and Society, 1.
Consolidation in the DNS resolver market: how much, how fast, how dangerous?
Radu Roxana, Hausding Michael (2020), Consolidation in the DNS resolver market: how much, how fast, how dangerous?, in Journal of Cyber Policy, 1.
The Internet has always run on multistakeholder approaches
Radu Roxana (2019), The Internet has always run on multistakeholder approaches, in Dreyer Stephan, Kettemann Matthias (ed.), Hans Bredow Institute, Berlin, 46.
Negotiating Internet Governance
Radu Roxana (2019), Negotiating Internet Governance, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Oxford Media Policy Summer Institute Individual talk Artificial intelligence - national strategies and beyond 14.08.2019 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Radu Roxana;
Governance of Online Speech in the Age of Platforms Talk given at a conference Algorithmic public sphere: controlling access to knowledge in the digital age 19.06.2019 Wolfson College, Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Radu Roxana;
Book launch: Negotiating Internet Governance Individual talk Negotiating Internet Governance 18.06.2019 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Radu Roxana;
Annenberg-Oxford Summer Institute Talk given at a conference The algorithmic (public) sphere 07.08.2018 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Radu Roxana;
CMPF Summer School for Journalists and Media Practitioners Talk given at a conference Swiss referendum on public service media 12.06.2018 European University Institute, Florence, Italy Radu Roxana;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Customized training course for Supreme Court judges from Sri Lanka Talk 13.08.2019 Geneva, Switzerland Radu Roxana;
"Legal framework of internet and cyber governance"- customized training for judges from the Judiciary of Thailand Talk 25.09.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Radu Roxana;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) The future of global Internet governance: is fragmentation avoidable? globalchallenges.ch Western Switzerland International 2020
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) The Future of Internet Governance International 2020
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Trump's Executive Order: Another Tile in the Mosaic of Governing Online Speech MediaLaws.eu International 2020
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) A fundamental(ly) European 'right to be forgotten' Foundation for Law, Justice and Society International 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Does the Internet Need More or Less Regulation? EastWest Institute blog International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Google wins landmark EU case over 'right to be forgotten' Court House News International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media In a partial victory for Google, Court limits 'right to be forgotten' to the EU CodaStory International 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Responses to the Government White Paper on Online Harms and the ‘right to be forgotten’ Foundation for Law, Justice and Society International 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
185531 Negotiating Internet Governance 01.12.2018 Open Access Books

Abstract

Internet developments and algorithmic advances have been intrinsically linked in recent years, one powering the other. The extensive deployment of algorithms in managing and curating knowledge online evolved towards their integration in decision-making processes at many levels, from standard-setting to sanctioning measures. This project analyses the effects of algorithmic control and corporate ownership on the (re)constitution of public deliberation space(s). Building on an original analytical framework for governance mechanisms, it critically examines emerging rules and norms for algorithm-driven access to information on a hard-soft law continuum. The dimensions examined here apply to past and current regulatory initiatives, divided into three categories: legal enshrinement (rules that are binding), institutional consolidation (specialised bodies and lines of work) and modelling (soft rules for shaping behaviour, ranging from good practices and guidelines to influential statements or resolutions). Investigating how the individual and the collective access to information is reshaped through key algorithmic decisions, this project makes an initial inroad into the multifaceted governance of new media and knowledge production. Mixed methods are employed here for capturing the complexity of the field, including an initial mapping exercise for existing regulatory and self-regulatory initiatives, as well as content analysis and expert interview. Beyond its academic value, this study is timely for policy-makers and media law experts, but also for developers working on machine learning and artificial intelligence.The findings of the 18-month research project will be disseminated in both academic and policy communities via specialised articles, policy briefs and contribution to public discussions.
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