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Blessing or Curse? Smartphones in the Life of Adolescents

English title Blessing or Curse? Smartphones in the Life of Adolescents
Applicant Camerini Anne-Linda
Number 175874
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Istituto di comunicazione sanitaria (ICH) Facoltà di comunicazione, cultura e società
Institution of higher education Università della Svizzera italiana - USI
Main discipline Communication sciences
Start/End 01.01.2018 - 30.09.2021
Approved amount 378'276.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Communication sciences
Health

Keywords (7)

well-being; adolescent; smartphone; digital mobile media; parental media monitoring; longitudinal study; tracking data

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Blessing or Curse? Smartphones in the Life of Adolescents / Smartphones im Leben der Jugendlichen / Le smartphone dans la vie des jeunes / Lo smartphone nella vita dei giovani
Lay summary

Das Smartphone ist ein fester Bestandteil im Leben der Jugendlichen geworden. Dabei wird es längst nicht mehr nur zur direkten Kommunikation genutzt, sondern dient als Zugang zum mobilen Internet und seinen vielfältigen Angeboten einschliesslich Informationen, Unterhaltung, Spielen und sozialen Netzwerken. Wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse über die Rolle des Smartphones im Leben der Jugendlichen sind bis heute jedoch rar.

Das Forschungsprojekt verfolgt das Ziel, den Einfluss der Smartphonenutzung auf das Wohlbefinden von Jugendlichen mit Hilfe eines Längsschnittdesigns empirisch zu untersuchen. Dabei werden Selbstauskunfts- und automatisch erfasste Nutzungsdaten von Jugendlichen miteinander verknüpft und um Angaben ihrer Eltern sowie Jahresabschlussnoten ergänzt. Der Methodenmix erlaubt zum einen die Untersuchung methodologischer Fragestellungen, zum Beispiel hinsichtlich der Validität von Selbstauskunftsdaten zur Smartphonenutzung. Zum anderen gibt er wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse zum Einfluss des Smartphones auf das soziale, psychische und kognitive Wohlbefinden seiner Nutzer. Das familiäre Umfeld wird ebenfalls berücksichtigt, da sowohl die Regulierung der Smartphonenutzung durch die Eltern als auch die wahrgenommene Beziehung der Jugendlichen zu ihren Eltern aus Sicht beider Akteure in die Untersuchungen einfliessen.

Das Projekt schliesst an die seit 2014 durchgeführte Längsschnittstudie MEDIATICINO zur Rolle der Medien in der Entwicklung von Kindern und Jugendlichen im Tessin an, die ein repräsentatives Sample von knapp 1500 Schülerinnen und Schülern bis zum Ende ihrer obligatorischen Schulbildung im Jahr 2019 begleitet.  

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 11.12.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
The developing brain in the digital era: A systematic review of structural and functional correlates of screen time in adolescence
Marciano Laura, Camerini Anne-Linda, Morese Rosalba (2021), The developing brain in the digital era: A systematic review of structural and functional correlates of screen time in adolescence, in Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1.
How smartphone use becomes problematic: Application of the ALT-SR model to study the predicting role of personality traits
Marciano Laura, Schulz Peter J., Camerini Anne-Linda (2021), How smartphone use becomes problematic: Application of the ALT-SR model to study the predicting role of personality traits, in Computers in Human Behavior, 119, 106731-106731.
Recommendations on screen time, sleep, and physical activity: Associations with academic achievement in Swiss adolescents.
Marciano Laura, Camerini Anne-Linda (2021), Recommendations on screen time, sleep, and physical activity: Associations with academic achievement in Swiss adolescents., in Public Health, 1.
The impact of self-esteem, family and peer cohesion on social appearance anxiety in adolescence: examination of the mediating role of coping
Antonietti Chiara, Camerini Anne-Linda, Marciano Laura (2020), The impact of self-esteem, family and peer cohesion on social appearance anxiety in adolescence: examination of the mediating role of coping, in International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 1089-1102.
Bullying and Substance Use in Early Adolescence: Investigating the Longitudinal and Reciprocal Effects Over 3 Years Using the Random Intercept Cross-Lagged Panel Model
Filipponi Chiara, Petrocchi Serena, Camerini Anne-Linda (2020), Bullying and Substance Use in Early Adolescence: Investigating the Longitudinal and Reciprocal Effects Over 3 Years Using the Random Intercept Cross-Lagged Panel Model, in Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1-12.
Parental Knowledge of Children’s Screen Time: The Role of Parent-Child Relationship and Communication
Marciano Laura, Petrocchi Serena, Camerini Anne-Linda (2020), Parental Knowledge of Children’s Screen Time: The Role of Parent-Child Relationship and Communication, in Communication Research, 0093650220-0093650220.
Predicting problematic smartphone use over time in adolescence: A latent class regression analysis of online and offline activities
Camerini Anne-Linda, Gerosa Tiziano, Marciano Laura (2020), Predicting problematic smartphone use over time in adolescence: A latent class regression analysis of online and offline activities, in New Media & Society, 1461444820-1461444820.
Neuroticism in the digital age: A meta-analysis
Marciano Laura, Camerini Anne-Linda, Schulz Peter J. (2020), Neuroticism in the digital age: A meta-analysis, in Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 2, 100026-100026.
Cyberbullying perpetration and victimization among children and adolescents: A systematic review of longitudinal studies
Camerini Anne-Linda, Marciano Laura, Carrara Anna, Schulz Peter J. (2020), Cyberbullying perpetration and victimization among children and adolescents: A systematic review of longitudinal studies, in Telematics and Informatics, 49, 101362-101362.
Cyberbullying perpetration and victimization in youth: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
Marciano Laura, Schulz Peter J., Camerini Anne-Linda (2020), Cyberbullying perpetration and victimization in youth: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies, in Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 163-181.

Datasets

The role of personality traits in the longitudinal relationship between smartphone use and problematic smartphone in adolescence: An application of the ALT-SR model

Author Marciano, Laura
Publication date 17.01.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://osf.io/7s9pr/files/
Repository OSF


Reciprocal and individual effects of smartphone use on adolescents’ well-being: An intensive longitudinal study

Author Marciano, Laura
Publication date 05.07.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://osf.io/kg76p/
Repository OSF


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Benessere Digitale (Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca) Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
European Conference on Health Communication Talk given at a conference Screen media use and well-being among adolescents and young adults during the Covid-19 pandemic: A systematic literature review 04.11.2021 Amsterdam (converted to online due to COVID-19), Netherlands Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
10a Giornata della Ricerca in Medicina Umana della Svizzera italiana, Poster Screen time and adolescent brain development: A scoping review of structural and functional neuroimaging studies 25.06.2021 Lugano, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
71st Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference How do depression, Internet use, and social connection in adolescence influence each other over time? An extension of the RI-CLPM including contextual factors. 27.05.2021 Denver (moved to online due to COVID-19 pandemic), United States of America Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
71st Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference The developing brain in the digital era: a systematic narrative review of structural and functional correlates of screen time in adolescence. 27.05.2021 Denver (moved to online due to COVID-19 pandemic), United States of America Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
FORS methods and research meetings Individual talk Smart research in social sciences: The potential of smartphones and smart wearables in research on mobile media use among adolescents and young adults 23.02.2021 online due to COVID-19, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda;
70th Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Poster Intra- and interpersonal predictors of social appearance anxiety in adolescence: A longitudinal study of self-esteem, social closeness, and the mediating role of coping 21.05.2020 converted to virtual due to COVID-19, Australia Antonietti Chiara; Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
70th Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference Neuroticism in the digital age: A meta-analysis 21.05.2020 converted to virtual due to COVID-19, Australia Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
70th Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference Predicting problematic smartphone use from digital trace data and time distortion in adolescents 21.05.2020 converted to virtual due to COVID-19, Australia Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
65th Annual Conference organised by the German Communication Association Talk given at a conference Cyberbullying perpetration, victimization, and bystander in adolescence: What is the role of social networking sites? 10.03.2020 Munich, Germany Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
1st European Conference on Health Communication (ECHC) Poster Protective factors of perceived stress in adolescence: A moderated mediation model of self-esteem, adaptive coping, and social support 13.11.2019 Zurich, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura; Antonietti Chiara;
1st European Conference on Health Communication (ECHC) Talk given at a conference Time online, time with friends: How do they influence depressive symptomatology over time? A random-intercept longitudinal panel model on adolescents in Switzerland (Top Submission Award) 13.11.2019 Zurich, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
2nd International Conference on Well-being in Education Systems Talk given at a conference Screen time, sleep, and physical activity: Associations with academic achievement is Swiss students 12.11.2019 Locarno, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
2nd International Conference on Well-being in Education Systems Talk given at a conference Smartphone overuse, attention problems, and media multitasking: Their associations with academic achievement in Swiss students. 12.11.2019 Locarno, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
Doctoral Consortium organised by the Mobile Communication Interest Group (MCIG) during the 68th annual conference of the International Communication Association (ICA) Talk given at a conference Mobile media in the life of adolescents: A longitudinal study using digital trace and survey data 24.10.2019 Prague, Czech Republic Marciano Laura;
Research Seminar in Health Sciences of the Seminar for Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne Individual talk Research on smartphones with smartphones: Introducing digital trace data and ecological momentary assessments in research on digital media use and well-being in adolescents (invited presentation) 30.09.2019 Lucerne, Switzerland Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
Conference organised by the TWG Children, Youth, and Media (CYM) within the European Communication Research Association (ECREA) Talk given at a conference Personality and self-esteem in adolescence: The mediating role of different social networking activities 19.09.2019 Salamanca, Spain Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
Congress organised by the TWG Children, Youth, and Media (CYM) within the European Communication Research Association (ECREA) Talk given at a conference Predicting problematic smartphone use in adolescence: A latent class regression analysis of online and offline activities 19.09.2019 Salamanca, Spain Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
8th Conference organised by the European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Talk given at a conference Self-selection bias in research including ecological momentary assessment and digital trace data 15.07.2019 Zagreb, Croatia Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
8th Conference organised by the European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Talk given at a conference Systematic bias in adolescents’ self-report smartphone use: Comparison of three different assessment modes to evaluate the quality of survey data 15.07.2019 Zagreb, Croatia Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
“La qualità della vita iperconnessa: Generazioni a confronti”, Università degli Studi Milano-Bicocca Individual talk Innovative statistical approaches to understand the longitudinal relationships in adolescent development. (Invited Presentation) 03.07.2019 Milan, Italy Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
69th Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference Cyberbullying in youth: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies 24.05.2019 Washington DC, United States of America Marciano Laura; Camerini Anne-Linda;
69th Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference The longitudinal relationship between smartphone use, smartphone addiction and depression in adolescents: An application of the RI-CLPM. 24.05.2019 Washington DC, United States of America Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
69th Annual ICA Conference organised by the International Communication Association Talk given at a conference Cyberbullying and cyber-victimization among children and adolescents: A systematic review of longitudinal studies 24.05.2019 Washington DC, United States of America Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
45th Annual Conference organised by the Swiss Association of Communication and Media Research (SACM) Talk given at a conference Like, share, post: How personality and motivations shape social network use in adolescence 04.04.2019 St Gallen, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
45th Annual Conference organized by the Swiss Association of Communication and Media Research (SACM) Talk given at a conference The impact of online and offline activities on academic performance: A latent class regression analysis with panel data from secondary school students in Canton Ticino 04.04.2019 St Gallen, Switzerland Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;
Pre-conference on "Trust, control, and privacy: Mediatisation of childhood and adolescence in the digital age" to the 68th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association (ICA) Talk given at a conference What predicts how well parents know the screen time of their children?: The role of parent-child relationship and communication 23.05.2018 Prague, Czech Republic Camerini Anne-Linda; Marciano Laura;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media I nuovi media nella vita dei ragazzi Migros Azione Italian-speaking Switzerland 2021
Media relations: print media, online media Il rapporto dei giovani con i social media: ecco perché non si può generalizzare RSI Corsi Italian-speaking Switzerland 2021
Media relations: print media, online media Allievi, occhi sul telefono non sui libri Corriere del Ticino Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Talks/events/exhibitions MEDIATICINO: nuovi media e benessere negli adolescenti (target: middle school headmasters) Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Smartphone nella vita dei giovani ticinesi Tele Ticino TG Talk Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Adolescenti e telefonini RSI News Italian-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Internet peggiora i voti degli allievi in Ticino? Dipende da come lo usano. Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Le reazioni: Espellere gli smartphone, un passo che divide Corriere del Ticino Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: radio, television Lo studio sui telefonini nelle scuole medie ticinesi RSI Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Media in Piazza (target: middle school students) Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions MEDIATICINO: nuovi media e benessere negli adolescenti (target: parents of middle school students) Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: radio, television Smarteenagers RSI Rete 2 Italian-speaking Switzerland 2018

Awards

Title Year
European Conference on Health Communication 2019 Top Submission Award for the presentation "Times online, times with friends: How do they influence depressive symptomatology over time? A random-intercept longitudinal panel model on adolescents in Switzerland" (authors: Laura Marciano, Peter J. Schulz, Anne-Linda Camerini 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
183199 What does smartphone-mediated communication feel like? 01.12.2018 Digital Lives
200117 Siete connessi? Verso un uso consapevole dello smartphone tra i bambini e adolescenti 01.06.2021 Agora

Abstract

Born at the advent of the 21st century, today’s adolescents have grown up with digital media from an early age. They have quickly become used to a variety of digital media including touch-screen tablets and smartphones. The growing diffusion of digital media among adolescents goes in hand with an increasing scientific interest in associated benefits and risks for adolescent well-being. The term “well-being” extends beyond psycho-physical health, e.g., “smartphone thumb”, hand and neck pain, or sleep deprivation. It also includes socio-cognitive outcomes such as cyberbullying and academic achievements. To date, research on digital (mobile) media in the life of adolescents largely relies on cross-sectional survey data from adolescents and, at times, their parents. Furthermore, most studies with adolescents in the Swiss context have focused on the use of the Internet in general and provide only little insights on the role of digital mobile media, and smartphones in particular. As young generations increasingly turn to mobile devices, comprehensive studies on their use and the impact on adolescent well-being are urgently needed. To overcome these limitations, the present research project proposes four studies aimed at providing a better understanding of the benefits and risks of smartphones in the life of adolescents. The project makes use of a longitudinal mixed-methods study design in a sample of middle school students and their parents in Canton Ticino. The study combines objectively recorded data on adolescents' smartphone use with survey responses from adolescents and their parents as well as adolescents' end-term grades.
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