gender wage gap; domestic violence; conflict; firm; India; Naxal movement
Berman Nicolas, Couttenier Mathieu, Monnet Nathalie, Ticku Rohit (2020), Les conflits à l’heure de la COVID-19, in Panizza Ugo, Djankov Simeon (ed.), Revue internationale de politique de développement, Online, (12.2), 147-156.
Berman Nicolas, Couttenier Mathieu, Monnet Nathalie, Ticku Rohit (2020), Conflict in times of COVID-19, in Djankov Simeon, Panizza Ugo (ed.), CEPR Press - Center for Economic Policy Research, London, 147-156.
Berman Nicolas, Couttenier Mathieu, Monnet Nathalie, TickuRohit (2020), Shutdown Policies and Worldwide Conflict, in Covid Economics: Vetted and Real-Time Paper
, (16), 61-75.
My doctoral thesis belongs to the recent and growing literature that studies the economic causes and consequences of conflicts and violence. My research project is divided in three independent papers.In the first two papers I aim at contributing to the academic literature on the economic consequences of conflict by assessing the economic impact of political instability and violence on firms. Existing studies focus mainly on the impact at the household level, on issues such as health, poverty and education. However, little is known on how conflict affects firms - which are at the heart of an economy.In the first project I focus on the magnitude and heterogeneity of the costs of violence on the manufacturing sector in a cross-section of countries which endured a conflict. Using a novel identification strategy pinpointing potential transmission mechanisms, I contribute to the recent literature by allowing for a causal effect of war and political instability on the performance of manufacturing industries.The second project focuses on a case study of the impact of conflict on firms, India’s Naxal movement. Using firm data at the district-level, I intend to disentangle the channels of transmission of the effects of conflict on firms’ performance.The last project is devoted to the study of different type of violence: intimate partner abuse. Using fine-grained data from recorded criminal offenses in Switzerland, I analyze empirically whether the gender wage gap causes household to be more prone to domestic violence. As to recently, the literature explaining the causes of intimate partner violence, or more generally violence against women, has mostly been focused on the social and cultural factors. However, little attention has been given to the causal relationship between the gender wage gap and domestic violence. I thus intend on filling this gap in the academic literature.This thesis makes an important empirical contribution to the study of the economic causes and consequences of conflict and violence, using rich and detailed datasets as well as innovative methodologies.