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OUR COMMON SOIL - The Swiss City-Territory as renewable resource

English title OUR COMMON SOIL - The Swiss City-Territory as renewable resource
Applicant Viganò Paola
Number 173198
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Laboratory of Urban Sociology EPFL-ENAC-IA-LASUR
Institution of higher education EPF Lausanne - EPFL
Main discipline Architecture and Social urban science
Start/End 01.10.2017 - 30.09.2021
Approved amount 525'307.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Architecture and Social urban science
Social geography and ecology
Pedology

Keywords (8)

Research by design; Urbanism; Soil; Ecosystem services; Pedology; renewable resource; City-Territory; Land-use

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Synthèse / ChapeauAujourd’hui, des formations urbaines étendues marquées par une forte co-pénétration entre l’urbain et le rural caractérisent des territoires toujours plus vastes sur la planète et trouvent en Suisse une configuration spécifique. Dans ce contexte urbain, le ratio renouvelé entre l’espace ouvert et celui bâti interroge le rôle crucial et stratégique du sol. Dans cette perspective, la relation entre le sol et la ville nécessite d’être profondément repensée.
Lay summary

Sujet et Objectifs

Dans ce contexte,  le projet de recherche vise à re-conceptualiser la relation entre les territoires urbains et le sol en questionnant le paradigme selon lequel la ville ne représente qu’une menace pour l’environnement naturel.  L’hypothèse de projet explore la Ville-Territoire comme une ressource renouvelable capable de travailler avec et non contre les systèmes écologiques. Bien qu’encore peu pris en considération, les sols urbanisés -qui présentent dans certains cas une valeur éco-systémique supérieure à celle des sols d’agriculture intensive- peuvent en effet jouer un rôle significatif dans  la gestion des écosystèmes urbains.

Contexte Scientifique

Il y a un besoin urgent de construire un corpus de recherche expérimental permettant de considérer à la fois le sol comme acteur fondamental dans le projet de la ville-territoire contemporaine, et l’urbanisme comme instrument fondamental pour la gestion des sols. La proposition de recherche a pour ambition de connecter les recherches en cours sur le sol urbain propres aux sciences environnementales, aux recherches les plus avancées en urbanisme guidées par la forme nouvelle de la ville contemporaine. En connectant ces deux différents « regards » à la question du sol urbain, la recherche explore le sol de la Ville-Territoire en tant qu’occasion d’innover le projet urbain et territorial.

 

Mots-clés

Ville-territoire; sols; services éco-systémiques; ressource renouvelable; urbanisme; usage du sol; research by design

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 28.11.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Downscaling Urbanism to the Fine Grain of Urban Soils: Another Look at the Urban Footprint
VialleAntoine (2022), Downscaling Urbanism to the Fine Grain of Urban Soils: Another Look at the Urban Footprint, in OASE, 110(ISBN: 978-), X.
Le sol de la ville-territoireProjet et production de connaissances
Viganò Paola, Barcelloni Corte Martina, Vialle Antoine (2020), Le sol de la ville-territoireProjet et production de connaissances, in Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, 14(4), 1-27.
Mapping Urbanization as an Anthropedogenetic Process: A Section through the Times of Urban Soils
Vialle Antoine, Giampieri Mario (2020), Mapping Urbanization as an Anthropedogenetic Process: A Section through the Times of Urban Soils, in Urban Planning, 5(2), 262-279.
BUILDING HORIZONTALITY? The Impact of Road Design Regulations on Urban Ecosystems
Vialle Antoine (2018), BUILDING HORIZONTALITY? The Impact of Road Design Regulations on Urban Ecosystems, in Cavalieri Chiara, Barcelloni Corte Martina, Viganò Paola (ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 361-367.
Du sol comme œuvre, au sol comme archive de l'action humaine : Microhistoire d'un principe d'espérance à travers deux textes du pédologue Dan H. Yaalon
VialleAntoine, VerrecchiaEric (2018), Du sol comme œuvre, au sol comme archive de l'action humaine : Microhistoire d'un principe d'espérance à travers deux textes du pédologue Dan H. Yaalon, in Viganò Paola, Mantziaras Panos (ed.), Metis Presses, Genève, 7-21.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Studies and Planning – DUSP, Norman B. Le United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Couse ‘Track for Interdisciplinary Learning and Teaching UNIL/EPFL’, module ‘Transition écologique : entre théorie et pratique’, EPFL CDH Talk given at a conference OUR COMMON SOILS: Re-Designing and regenerating Urban Soils for a Spatial Requalification and Ecological Transition of Cities 17.11.2021 Lausanne, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
Rencontres du Réseau ERPS « Sol(s) en partage », École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture Saint-Étienne Talk given at a conference OUR COMMON SOILS, vers « un projet de sol » pour la régénération de la ville-territoire 06.10.2021 Ambert, France Vialle Antoine; Viganò Paola;
Eurosoil 2021 Geneva Congress, Communication Session Soil quality and quantity: innovative approaches of land use planning and urban development for a sustainable use of soils Talk given at a conference Urbanism As an Active Strategy of Soil Preservation And Regeneration: Towards a Toolbox and Compass for Valorizing Urban Soil Functionality 24.08.2021 Genève, Online, Switzerland Vialle Antoine; Schwartz Christophe; Verrecchia Eric; Viganò Paola;
Master Seminar Soils – Erden”, KIT Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut Entwerfen, Kunst und Theorie EKUT Individual talk Urban Soils: Thick Description and Mapping 12.05.2021 Karlsruhe, Online, Germany Vialle Antoine;
M.Arch Seminar “Villes et territoires entre mémoire et actualité”, École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture Paris - Val De Seine Individual talk La Ville et son sol: Histoire, matières, projets 21.04.2021 Paris, Online, France Vialle Antoine;
Course Analyse territoriale et urbaine Individual talk Cartographie des sols urbains : Le cas de l'Ouest lausannois. 14.04.2021 Lausanne, EPFL, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
CLIMACT seminar series “Ideas and actions” - session 9 Talk given at a conference The role of AGRO-URBAN SOILS in socio-ecological transition and adaptation/mitigation to climate change: the potentials of TRANSDISCIPLINARY research 12.04.2021 Lausanne - Online, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
Territorial Design In Histories, Theories And Projects "Architecture Of Territory", ETHZ, Zurich Individual talk Urban Soils Mapping: Case West Lausanne 15.10.2020 Zurich, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
Initiative Lausanne Time Machine, EPFL, Lausanne, CH, February, 28, 2020 Talk given at a conference A section through the times West Lausanne Soils 28.02.2020 Lausanne, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
Cours d'Analyse territoriale et urbaine, Bachelor Arch, EPFL, Spring 2020, Lausanne, CH, February, 26, 2020 Individual talk Une histoire de Lausanne depuis ses sols. Chrono-toposequence et transect 26.02.2020 Lausanne, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
Seminaire Atelier de bachelor, Studio Viganò, EPFL, Fall 2019, Lausanne, CH, October 29, 2019 Individual talk Les sols de l'Ouest lausannois 29.10.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
MIT LCAU Lunch Talks, Cambridge, MA, USA, May 15, 2019 Talk given at a conference West Lausanne Urbanization as an Anthropedogenesis Process 15.05.2019 Cambridge, United States of America Vialle Antoine;
MIT DUSP PhD Research Workshop, Cambridge, MA, USA, April, 24, 2019 Talk given at a conference Mapping Urban Soils' history 24.04.2019 Cambridge, United States of America Vialle Antoine;
Journées biennales des géosciences et de l'environnement, Université de Lausanne, Suisse, 12-16/02/2018 Poster CYCLES DE VIE DES SOLS DE L’OUEST LAUSANNOIS. Facteurs et acteurs de l’anthropopédogénèse 12.02.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland Vialle Antoine;
3rd Bernardo Secchi Working Seminar: Urbanism of Hope. Designing horizons of expectations, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2017-09-20 Talk given at a conference Du sol comme œuvre, au sol comme archive de l'action humaine : Microhistoire d'un principe d'espérance à travers deux textes du pédologue Dan H. Yaalon 01.10.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Verrecchia Eric; Vialle Antoine;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Knowledge transfer events

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) «Wir müssen unter der Erde aufräumen» Klimawirksamer Aussenraum braucht Raum und Boden Western Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2021

Awards

Title Year
Awarded Research grant : UNIL/EPFL CLIMACT Center for Climact Impact and Action 'Starting Grant’ Awarded Project: GARDENING URBAN SOILS: Towards a Potential Carbon Sink Project Leader : Dr. Antoine Vialle CO-PI : Prof. Viganò, Prof. Verrecchia 2021

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
147687 Post Car World 01.12.2013 Sinergia

Abstract

Faced with the constant growth of human settlements and increasingly threatening environmental challenges, the Swiss government has recently highlighted, through research initiatives such as the National Research Program 68, the urgency to consider soils as a resource providing a “wide range of ecosystem services” to both human and non-human habitats. In this perspective, the relation between the soil and the city needs to be rethought. Today extended urban formations characterized by a strong co-penetration of urban and rural realms characterize increasingly vast swathes of land all around the world and find in Switzerland a specific configuration. In such a new urban context the renewed ratio established between built and open space opens up a wide range of questions where the role of soil is increasingly crucial and strategic.In this frame, this research project aims at re-conceptualizing the existing relation between urban territories and soil while revising the paradigm according to which the city merely represents a threat for the natural environment. The project’s hypothesis explores the City-Territory as a renewable resource able to work with and not against ecological systems. Even if still poorly taken into consideration, urbanized soils, that in some cases have proven to have higher eco-systemic values than even those of intensive agricultural areas, can in fact play a significant role in the management of urban ecosystems.The proposed approach combines the concepts of “soil” and and “land use” in an interdisciplinary way, using inputs from different (and traditionally distinct) fields to build an original theoretical and epistemological framework. Three closely interdependent research operations: (1) a new description/classification, (2) the articulation of a complex territorial Atlas, and (3) a set of Eco-Spatial Design Strategies, are envisaged to build a more holistic approach to planning.There is an urgent need to build an experimental body of research enabling both the consideration of soils as a fundamental player in the project of contemporary city-territory and conversely, urbanism as a fundamental tool for soil management.The research proposal has the ambition to connect the current research on urban soil, mainly produced by environmental scientists, to the most advanced research on the new form of the contemporary city, that has recently led the way in urbanism, planning and landscape urbanism. By connecting up these two different “gazes” to the question of urban soils, the research wishes to explore the soil of the City-Territory as an occasion to innovate the urban and territorial project.
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