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Mega-events: growth and impacts

English title Mega-events: growth and impacts
Applicant Müller Martin
Number 172891
Funding scheme SNSF Professorships
Research institution Institut de géographie et durabilité Faculté des géosciences et de l'environnemen Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.08.2017 - 31.12.2020
Approved amount 762'553.00
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Keywords (6)

mega-events; Olympic Games; impacts; World Cup; mega-projects; Expos

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Veranstaltungen wie die Olympischen Spiele oder die Fussballweltmeisterschaften gehören zu den einschneidendsten Grossprojekten in der Entwicklung von Städten. Das vorliegende Forschungsprojekt dokumentiert die Auswirkungen von Grossveranstaltungen seit 1960.
Lay summary

Trotz massiver Kritik sind Olympische Spiele wie auch Fussballweltmeisterschaften und Weltausstellungen (Expos) als Trophäen der Stadtenwicklung extrem begehrt. Hartnäckig hält sich die Vorstellung, Grossveranstaltungen seien ein Segen für die Entwicklung jeder Stadt.

Das vorliegende Forschungsprojekt geht dieser Vorstellung auf den Grund, indem es eine umfangreiche Datenbank zum Wachstum und zu den Auswirkungen von drei Typen von Grossveranstaltungen (Olympische Spiele, Fussballweltmeisterschaft, Expo) seit 1960 anlegt. Die Innovation besteht dabei nicht nur darin, als erstes Projekt disparate Daten zu 66 unterschiedlichen Veranstaltungen systematisch zu sammeln und zu vergleichen, sondern daraus auch verallgemeinerbare Schlüsse zu ziehen. Anhand von statistischen Verfahren sollen Zusammenhänge aufgedeckt werden, die erlauben Rückschlüsse auf die Einflussfaktoren verschiedener Auswirkungen zu ziehen. Für die Praxis entstehen dadurch Hinweise, ob gewisse Konstellationen (z.B. Steuerungsmodelle) zu mehr oder weniger erwünschten Auswirkungen führen.


Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.06.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
‘For the benefit of our nation’: unstable soft power in the 2018 men’s World Cup in Russia
WolfeSven Daniel (2020), ‘For the benefit of our nation’: unstable soft power in the 2018 men’s World Cup in Russia, in International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 12(4), 545-561.
Potemkin neoliberalism: developing Volgograd through the 2018 Men’s World Cup in Russia
WolfeSven Daniel (2020), Potemkin neoliberalism: developing Volgograd through the 2018 Men’s World Cup in Russia, in Sport in Society, 0(0), 1-19.
Russia and the politics of extraverted urbanism in the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2018 FIFA World Cup
GolubchikovOleg, WolfeSven Daniel (2020), Russia and the politics of extraverted urbanism in the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2018 FIFA World Cup, in Díaz Álvaro Rodríguez, Rojo-Labaien Ekain, Rookwood Joel (ed.), Routledge, London, 214-232.
Urban Development Through the 2018 FIFA Men’s Football World Cup: Mutated Mobile Policies in the Peripheries
WolfeSven Daniel (2019), Urban Development Through the 2018 FIFA Men’s Football World Cup: Mutated Mobile Policies in the Peripheries, in Gorodskie Issledovaniya i Praktiki [Urban Studies and Practices], 4(3), 23-41.
Globalization and mega-events: thinking through flows
MüllerMartin, GaffneyChristopher (2018), Globalization and mega-events: thinking through flows, in Kloosterman Robert C., Terhorst Pieter, Mamadouh Virginie (ed.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 296-305.
Comparing the Urban Impacts of the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games From 2010 to 2016
Müller Martin, Gaffney Christopher (2018), Comparing the Urban Impacts of the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games From 2010 to 2016, in Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 42(4), 247-269.
Crisis neopatrimonialism: Russia’s new political economy and the 2018 World Cup
Wolfe Sven Daniel, Müller Martin (2018), Crisis neopatrimonialism: Russia’s new political economy and the 2018 World Cup, in Problems of Post-Communism, 65(2), 101-114.
Scrutinizing global mega-events
Gaffney Christopher, Wolfe Sven Daniel, Müller Martin (2018), Scrutinizing global mega-events, in Hoyler Michael, Harrison John (ed.), Sage, London, 125-137.
How mega-events capture their hosts: event seizure and the World Cup 2018 in Russia
Müller Martin (2017), How mega-events capture their hosts: event seizure and the World Cup 2018 in Russia, in Urban Geography, 38(8), 1113-1132.
What makes an event a mega-event? Definitions and sizes
Müller Martin (2017), What makes an event a mega-event? Definitions and sizes, in Frawley Stephen (ed.), Routledge, London, 8-23.
Evaluating the sustainability of the Olympic Games
MüllerMartin, WolfeSven Daniel, GaffneyChristopher, GogishviliDavid, HugMiriam, LeickAnnick, Evaluating the sustainability of the Olympic Games, in Nature Sustainability, 4(3).

Datasets

Dataset: Sustainability of the Olympic Games

Author Müller, Martin; Wolfe, Sven Daniel; Gaffney, Christopher; Gogishvili, David; Hug, Miriam; Leick, Annick
Publication date 12.03.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/ZARR6A
Repository Harvard Dataverse


Mega-event database variable book

Author Müller, Martin; Wolfe, Sven Daniel; Gogishvili, David; Gaffney, Christopher; Hug, Miriam; Leick, Annick
Publication date 17.04.2021
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/F0MNC9
Repository Harvard Dataverse


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
New York University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Mutations de l'olympisme: histoire, enjeux, héritage Talk given at a conference L'évolution de la (non-)durabilité des Jeux olympiques 03.11.2020 Paris, France Müller Martin;
Seminar Series: Mega-events and the city Individual talk How (un)sustainable are the Olympic Games? From Salt Lake 2002 to Sochi 2014 and beyond 14.05.2020 Milano, Italy Müller Martin;
Youth and Winter Sports Talk given at a conference How (un)sustainable are the Olympics? 09.01.2020 Lausanne, Switzerland Müller Martin; Wolfe Sven Daniel;
Cities after Transition Conference Talk given at a conference Not mega, not a project: urban projectification and the political imperative of not thinking the urban through projects 06.09.2019 Belgrad, Serbien Müller Martin;
First International Doctoral Summer School in Urban Geopolitics: Urban Identities, Geopolitics, and Urban Policy Talk given at a conference Urban Geopolitcs: Cities, Identities, Violence 06.06.2019 Kharkiv, Ukraine Wolfe Sven Daniel;
Импульсы больших спортивных мероприятий для устойчивого развития города и региона Talk given at a conference Семь Смертных Грехов Планировании Мега-Событий 10.04.2019 Minsk, Belarus Wolfe Sven Daniel;
Workshop Series, Center for Eastern European Studies, University of Zurich Individual talk A World-Class Event, But For Whom? Material Developments, Social Inequalities, and the 2018 Football World Cup in Russia 28.11.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Wolfe Sven Daniel;
Olympic Games: the state of the art Talk given at a conference Mega‐events and their impacts through time and space: from cases to patterns 18.06.2018 Paris- Champs sur Marne, France Leick Annick; Müller Martin; Hug Miriam;
Urban planning, events and cultural policy: meanings, functions, impacts Talk given at a conference Mega-events and their impacts through time and space: from cases to patterns. 18.04.2018 Marseille, France Leick Annick; Hug Miriam; Müller Martin;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Olympische Jugendwinterspiele in Lausanne SRF 1 German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Will anyone want to host the next Olympics? City Monitor International 2020
Media relations: radio, television A review of the Pyeongchang Olympics 2018 Korean Broadcasting System International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media La crise des événements Le Temps Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media A cautious game: Protesting mega-events in Russia Play the Game International 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Events and gentrification: an international perspective International 2018
Media relations: radio, television Tagesschau: WM-Bilanz in Russland SRF 1 German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: radio, television "Grün ist nur der Rasen.” Können Sportgrossveranstaltungen nachhaltig sein? Ö1 International 2017
Media relations: radio, television Winterspiele in der Schweiz: vor dem Bundesratsentscheid für Sion 2026 SRF 4 German-speaking Switzerland 2017

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
144699 Materialising networks: moving knowledge, governing mega-events 01.08.2013 SNSF Professorships

Abstract

The costs and infrastructural requirements of mega-events such as the Olympic Games and the Football World Cup put them among the single most transformative ventures for cities today. At the same time, their complexity and tendency to exceed budgets make them highly risky undertakings. Despite this, little is known about the impacts of different mega-events across time and the driving factors behind these impacts. This project proposes to establish the size, costs and impacts of a longitudinal sample of 66 mega-events since 1960 and the driving factors behind these impacts. It builds on Phase 1 of the Swiss National Science Foundation Professorship (running from 2013 to 2017) in moving from the findings from four case studies to an examination of a much wider range of cases, applying methods that allow greater generalisation. It will consider three types of mega-events: (1)the Olympic Summer and Winter Games as a uni-local sports event(2)the Football World Cup as a multi-local sports event (3)the World’s Fairs (Expos) as a uni-local non-sports event The project is split into two modules. Module 1 will build a database with indicators describing the size, costs and impacts and potential driving factors of the 66 mega-events. It categorises impacts into six dimensions: venues, transport infrastructure, other infrastructure, social impacts, image impacts and economic impacts. For building the database, the module will draw on existing documents from official reports and audits, press releases, media reports and academic studies. The data will be analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics to extract trends and patterns. Module 2 seeks to establish the driving factors behind impacts. For this it works with bivariate regression modelling, using different definitions of impacts as dependent variables and a suite of potential driving factors, relating to planning processes, interests, biases, governance and complexity. Module 2 seeks to establish what factors are associated with what kinds of impacts.This project will result in two major innovations. First, it will provide the first longitudinal record on the size, costs and impacts of the largest mega-events. In so doing, it moves beyond the single or small-n case studies that dominate mega-event research. Second, it will contribute to reorienting discussions on what drives impacts in mega-events through exploring a much wider range of antecedents of impacts than previous studies. As a practical implication, this project will provide transparent and comparable information on the impacts of mega-events that a range of stakeholders concerned with bidding for or hosting mega-events - policy-makers, governing bodies, the media, citizens - can draw on to make informed decisions about bidding and hosting.
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