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Microresonators based Frequency combs: exploring temporal solitons

English title Microresonators based Frequency combs: exploring temporal solitons
Applicant Kippenberg Tobias Jan
Number 165933
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Laboratoire de photonique et mesures quantiques EPFL - STI - IEL - LPQM2
Institution of higher education EPF Lausanne - EPFL
Main discipline Other disciplines of Physics
Start/End 01.03.2017 - 29.02.2020
Approved amount 458'492.00
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Keywords (7)

frequency comb; microresonator; dissipative temporal soliton; silicon nitride; integrated photonic waveguide; precision spectroscopy; microfabrication

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die präzise Messung und Erzeugung von optischen und Mikrowellensignalen ist die Basis vieler alltäglicher Anwendungen: schnelle Kommunikation, Detektion chemischer Komponenten, präzise Zeitstandarts zur Geolokalisation und Navigation mittels Radar. Frequenzkämme bilden ein Getriebe zwischen den beiden Frequenzbereichen und ermöglichen erhebliche Verbesserungen, sind jedoch noch nicht kompakt und robust genug für den alltäglichen Einsatz. Ein neuartiges Prinzip der Frequenzkammerzeugung basierend nichtlinearen optischen Prozessen in Mikrometer grossen optische Resonatoren hat das Potential Frequenzkämme aus spezialisierten Laboren in viele technische Alltagsgeräte zu bringen. Das Herzstück eines solchen Miniaturkamms ist ein optischer Chip, in welchem kurze optische Pulse, sogenannte dissipative Solitonen, propagieren. Diese stellen eine Selbstorganisation des Lichtfeldes dar, mit faszinierenden Eigenschaften und komplexer Dynamik, welche bis heute nicht vollständig verstanden sind.
Lay summary

Das Ziel unseres Forschungprojekts ist es ein besseres Verständnis der zugrunde liegenden Physik von dissipativen Solitonpulsen in optischen Mikroresonatoren. Basierend auf diesem Verständnis und unserem Herstellungsprozess für optische Chips basieren auf Siliziumnitrid möchten wir kompakte Frequenzkammquellen in neuen optischen Spektralbereichen bauen.

Unsere Arbeit wird eine zur Zeit nur Spezialisten und Nischenanwendungen vorbehaltene Technik in eine alltagstaugliche Technologie überführen, welche eine Vielzahl von Anwendungen in der Nachrichten- und Messtechnik oder biomedizinischen Diagnose revolutionieren könnte.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 02.02.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Ultralow-noise photonic microwave synthesis using a soliton microcomb-based transfer oscillator
Lucas Erwan, Brochard Pierre, Bouchand Romain, Schilt Stéphane, Südmeyer Thomas, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2020), Ultralow-noise photonic microwave synthesis using a soliton microcomb-based transfer oscillator, in Nature Communications, 11(1), 374-374.
Integrated gallium phosphide nonlinear photonics
Wilson Dalziel J., Schneider Katharina, Hönl Simon, Anderson Miles, Baumgartner Yannick, Czornomaz Lukas, Kippenberg Tobias J., Seidler Paul (2020), Integrated gallium phosphide nonlinear photonics, in Nature Photonics, 14(1), 57-62.
Polychromatic Cherenkov Radiation Induced Group Velocity Symmetry Breaking in Counterpropagating Dissipative Kerr Solitons
Weng Wenle, Bouchand Romain, Lucas Erwan, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2019), Polychromatic Cherenkov Radiation Induced Group Velocity Symmetry Breaking in Counterpropagating Dissipative Kerr Solitons, in Physical Review Letters, 123(25), 253902-253902.
Electrically pumped photonic integrated soliton microcomb
Raja Arslan S., Voloshin Andrey S., Guo Hairun, Agafonova Sofya E., Liu Junqiu, Gorodnitskiy Alexander S., Karpov Maxim, Pavlov Nikolay G., Lucas Erwan, Galiev Ramzil R., Shitikov Artem E., Jost John D., Gorodetsky Michael L., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2019), Electrically pumped photonic integrated soliton microcomb, in Nature Communications, 10(1), 680-680.
Dynamics of soliton crystals in optical microresonators
Karpov Maxim, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Guo Hairun, Weng Wenle, Liu Junqiu, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2019), Dynamics of soliton crystals in optical microresonators, in Nature Physics, 15(10), 1071-1077.
A microphotonic astrocomb
Obrzud Ewelina, Rainer Monica, Harutyunyan Avet, Anderson Miles H., Liu Junqiu, Geiselmann Michael, Chazelas Bruno, Kundermann Stefan, Lecomte Steve, Cecconi Massimo, Ghedina Adriano, Molinari Emilio, Pepe Francesco, Wildi François, Bouchy François, Kippenberg Tobias J., Herr Tobias (2019), A microphotonic astrocomb, in Nature Photonics, 13(1), 31-35.
Spectral Purification of Microwave Signals with Disciplined Dissipative Kerr Solitons
Weng Wenle, Lucas Erwan, Lihachev Grigory, Lobanov Valery E., Guo Hairun, Gorodetsky Michael L., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2019), Spectral Purification of Microwave Signals with Disciplined Dissipative Kerr Solitons, in Physical Review Letters, 122(1), 013902-013902.
Photonic chip-based soliton frequency combs covering the biological imaging window
Karpov Maxim, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Liu Junqiu, Lukashchuk Anton, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2018), Photonic chip-based soliton frequency combs covering the biological imaging window, in Nature Communications, 9(1), 1146-1146.
Spatial multiplexing of soliton microcombs
Lucas E., Lihachev G., Bouchand R., Pavlov N. G., Raja A. S., Karpov M., Gorodetsky M. L., Kippenberg T. J. (2018), Spatial multiplexing of soliton microcombs, in Nature Photonics, 12(11), 699-705.
Ultralow-power chip-based soliton microcombs for photonic integration
Liu Junqiu, Raja Arslan S., Karpov Maxim, Ghadiani Bahareh, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Du Botao, Engelsen Nils J., Guo Hairun, Zervas Michael, Kippenberg Tobias J. (2018), Ultralow-power chip-based soliton microcombs for photonic integration, in Optica, 5(10), 1347-1347.
Highly efficient coupling of crystalline microresonators to integrated photonic waveguides
Anderson M., Pavlov N. G., Jost J. D., Lihachev G., Liu J., Morais T., Zervas M., Gorodetsky M. L., Kippenberg T. J. (2018), Highly efficient coupling of crystalline microresonators to integrated photonic waveguides, in Optics Letters, 43(9), 2106-2106.
Breathing dissipative solitons in optical microresonators
Lucas E., Karpov M., Guo H., Gorodetsky M. L., Kippenberg T. J. (2017), Breathing dissipative solitons in optical microresonators, in Nature Communications, 8(1), 736-736.
Intermode Breather Solitons in Optical Microresonators
Guo Hairun, Lucas Erwan, Pfeiffer Martin H. P., Karpov Maxim, Anderson Miles, Liu Junqiu, Geiselmann Michael, Jost John D., Kippenberg Tobias J. (2017), Intermode Breather Solitons in Optical Microresonators, in Physical Review X, 7(4), 041055-041055.
Formation and collision of multistability-enabled composite dissipative Kerr solitons
WengWenle, BouchandRomain, KippenbergTobias J., Formation and collision of multistability-enabled composite dissipative Kerr solitons, in Physical Review X.
Massively parallel coherent laser ranging using soliton microcombs
RiemensbergerJohann, LukashchukAnton, KarpovMaxim, WengWenle, LucasErwan, LiuJunqiu, KippenbergTobias, Massively parallel coherent laser ranging using soliton microcombs, in Nature.
Nanophotonic soliton-based microwave synthesizers
Liu Junqiu, Lucas Erwan, Raja Arslan, Riemensberger Johann, Wang Rui Ning, Karpov Maxim, Guo Hairun, Bouchand Romain, Kippenberg Tobias J., Nanophotonic soliton-based microwave synthesizers, in Nature Photonics.

Datasets

Intermode Breather Solitons in Optical Microresonators

Author Guo, Hairun; Lucas, Erwan; Pfeiffer, Martin H. P.; Karpov, Maxim; Anderson, Miles; Liu, Junqiu; Geiselmann, Michael; Jost, John D.; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 06.12.2017
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.1043981
Repository ZENODO


Breathing dissipative solitons in optical microresonators

Author Lucas, E.; Karpov, M.; Guo, H.; Gorodetsky, M. L.; Kippenberg, T. J.
Publication date 29.12.2017
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.823538
Repository ZENODO


Photonic chip-based soliton frequency combs covering the biological imaging window

Author Karpov, Maxim; Pfeiffer, Martin H. P.; Liu, Junqiu; Lukashchuk, Anton; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 20.12.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.1149180
Repository ZENODO


Ultralow-power chip-based soliton microcombs for photonic integration

Author Liu, Junqiu; Raja, Arslan S.; Karpov, Maxim; Ghadiani, Bahareh; Pfeiffer, Martin H. P.; Du, Botao; Engelsen, Nils J.; Guo, Hairun; Zervas, Michael; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 19.10.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.1412765
Repository ZENODO


Spatial multiplexing of soliton microcombs

Author Lucas, E.; Lihachev, G.; Bouchand, R.; Pavlov, N. G.; Raja, A. S.; Karpov, M.; Gorodetsky, M. L.; Kippenberg, T. J.
Publication date 01.11.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.1321270
Repository ZENODO


Spectral Purification of Microwave Signals with Disciplined Dissipative Kerr Solitons

Author Weng, Wenle; Lucas, Erwan; Lihachev, Grigory; Lobanov, Valery E.; Guo, Hairun; Gorodetsky, Michael L.; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 03.01.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.2222431
Repository ZENODO


Electrically pumped photonic integrated soliton microcomb

Author Raja, Arslan S.; Voloshin, Andrey S.; Guo, Hairun; Agafonova, Sofya E.; Liu, Junqiu; Gorodnitskiy, Alexander S.; Karpov, Maxim; Pavlov, Nikolay G.; Lucas, Erwan; Galiev, Ramzil R.; Shitikov, Artem E.; Jost, John D.; Gorodetsky, Michael L.; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 08.12.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.2203625
Repository ZENODO


Dynamics of soliton crystals in optical microresonators

Author Karpov, Maxim; Pfeiffer, Martin H. P.; Guo, Hairun; Weng, Wenle; Liu, Junqiu; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 09.10.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.2809645
Repository ZENODO


Integrated gallium phosphide nonlinear photonics

Author Wilson, Dalziel J.; Schneider, Katharina; Hönl, Simon; Anderson, Miles; Baumgartner, Yannick; Czornomaz, Lukas; Kippenberg, Tobias J.; Seidler, Paul
Publication date 25.01.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.3371313
Repository ZENODO


Ultralow-noise photonic microwave synthesis using a soliton microcomb-based transfer oscillator

Author Lucas, Erwan; Brochard, Pierre; Bouchand, Romain; Schilt, Stéphane; Südmeyer, Thomas; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 17.12.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.3515211
Repository ZENODO


Polychromatic Cherenkov Radiation Induced Group Velocity Symmetry Breaking in Counterpropagating Dissipative Kerr Solitons

Author Weng, Wenle; Bouchand, Romain; Lucas, Erwan; Kippenberg, Tobias J.
Publication date 17.12.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.5281/zenodo.3560069
Repository ZENODO


Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Menlo Systems GmbH / Dr. Holzwarth Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Moscow State University / Prof. Michael Gorodetksy Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Columbia University, Prof. Alexander Gaeta United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
UCSB / Prof. John Bowers United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Purdue / Dr. Sunil Bhave United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology / Prof. Koos Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Weizmann Institute, Prof. Barak Dayan Israel (Asia)
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Graphene Research Centre, Prof. Andrea Ferrari Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
IBM Research Zurich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
PQE20 Talk given at a conference Photonic-chip based soliton microcombs 05.01.2020 Snowbird, United States of America Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Complexity in Nonlinear Photonics Talk given at a conference Dissipative temporal solitons on optical microresonators 25.09.2019 Como, Italy Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
5th International Conference on Quantum Technologies (ICQT) 2019 Talk given at a conference Microresonator soliton frequency combs 15.07.2019 Moscow, Russia Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
CLEO Europe 2019 Talk given at a conference Broadband Efficient Soliton Microcombs in Pulse-driven Microresonator 23.06.2019 Munich, Germany Anderson Miles;
CLEO Europe 2019 Talk given at a conference Perfect soliton crystals in optical microresonators 23.06.2019 Munich, Germany Karpov Maxim;
CLEO US 2019 Talk given at a conference Perfect soliton crystals in optical microresonators 05.05.2019 San Jose, California, United States of America Karpov Maxim;
CLEO US 2019 Talk given at a conference Advanced dispersion engineering of dispersive waves in Si3N4 microresonators 05.05.2019 San Jose, California, United States of America Lukashchuk Anton;
Nature Conference on Nanophotonics and Integrated Photonics Talk given at a conference Microresonator soliton frequency combs 09.11.2018 Nanjing, China Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
44th ECOC 2018 Talk given at a conference Soliton microcomb technology 23.09.2018 Rome, Italy Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Frontiers in Optics 2018 Talk given at a conference Achieving Efficient Conversion and Broadband Operation in Pulse-Driven Kerr Microresonators 17.09.2018 Washington, D.C., United States of America Anderson Miles;
Symposium for the Science of Light, Max Planck Institute Individual talk Microresonator soliton frequency combs 23.07.2018 Erlangen, Germany Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
Photonic Packaging Sub-micron Assembly, Fraunhofer IZM Individual talk Photonic integrated soliton frequency combs 12.06.2018 Berlin, Germany Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
ECIO 2018, 20th European Conference on Integrated Optics Talk given at a conference Optical frequency combs: technologies for generation and applications 30.05.2018 Valencia, Spain Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
CLEO US 2018 Talk given at a conference Dissipative Kerr soliton states in hybridized microresonator modes 13.05.2018 San Jose, California, United States of America Karpov Maxim;
CLEO US 2018 Talk given at a conference Highly Efficient Coupling of Crystalline Microresonators to Integrated Photonic Waveguides 13.05.2018 San Jose, California, United States of America Anderson Miles;
ISUPT 2017 Individual talk Soliton Kerr frequency combs: fundamentals and applications in coherent communication 15.07.2017 Southampton, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
PhD summer school on Quantum Technology (QNLO) Individual talk Chipscale Soliton Kerr Frequency Combs for Metrology and coherent Telecommunications 01.06.2017 Copenhagen, Denmark Kippenberg Tobias Jan;
CLEO US 2017 Talk given at a conference Chip-scale dissipative-Kerr-soliton-based frequency combs driven with 1 mm source 14.05.2017 San Jose, California, United States of America Karpov Maxim;
CLEO US 2017 Talk given at a conference Dynamics of soliton crystals in optical microresonators 14.05.2017 San Jose, California, United States of America Karpov Maxim;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Nuits de la Science Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 07.07.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Anderson Miles; Kippenberg Tobias Jan; Karpov Maxim;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media https://actu.epfl.ch/news/scientists-build-the-smallest-optical-frequency--5/ International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Making and controlling crystals of light International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Microresonators offer a simpler approach to sensing with light pulses International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Power-efficient generation of ultrashort pulses on a chip International 2018

Awards

Title Year
ZEISS Research Award (for outstanding achievements in the field of optics or photonics) 2018

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
133830 Optical parametric oscillator for frequency comb generation in the mid-IR 01.08.2011 R'EQUIP
130047 Microresonators based Frequency combs in the visible and infrared 01.06.2010 Project funding
146823 Microresonators based Frequency combs in the visible and infrared 01.04.2013 Project funding
170750 Advanced electron beam lithographic tool for nanoscale electronic and photonic devices 01.12.2018 R'EQUIP
176563 Energy efficient optical frequency combs based on photonic integrated resonators and temporally structured pump light 01.05.2018 Bridge - Discovery
192293 Soliton Microcombs: Exploring driven dissipative Kerr cavities 01.06.2020 Project funding
192293 Soliton Microcombs: Exploring driven dissipative Kerr cavities 01.06.2020 Project funding
164014 Customized ultra low roughness and nanoscale profile control reactive ion cluster tool (MRIE-ICP) for fabrication of high Q integrated photonic resonators for on chip photonics, nonlinear optics and quantum optomechanics 01.12.2015 R'EQUIP
150740 Mid Infrared spectral analysis instrumentation 01.12.2013 R'EQUIP
170752 Customized ultra low roughness and nanoscale profile control reactive ion cluster tool (MRIE-ICP) for fabrication of high Q integrated photonic resonators for on chip photonics, nonlinear optics and quantum optomechanics 01.01.2017 R'EQUIP
161573 Photonic Damascene Fabrication Process for High Q integrated SiN Photonic Circuits 01.04.2016 precoR

Abstract

Discovered in 2007, micro-resonator frequency combs have triggered a second revolution in frequency metrology by enabling very compact frequency combs with microwave repetition rates, that may lead for frequency combs to transition into mainstream applications, including industrial products. Micro-resonator combs generation are generated by Kerr frequency conversion using a CW laser and have seen major advances in the last 7 years; it is possible to cover with a single CW laser a comb that can cover a full octave, can generate ultrafast pulses in the form of temporal solitons that can be as short as a few cycles. All this is realized by using the intrinsic Kerr nonlinearity of glass along with dispersion engineering of the waveguides. Two aspect make micro-resonator Kerr combs a very promising technology. The first is the ability to generate such combs using photonic circuits, i.e. using chip-scale micro-resonators. This implies that the his new generation of comb sources can build and be unified with the field of nano-photonics, a field that has receive major attention in the last decade and offers a myriad on chip photonic solutions for routing, manipulating the generated comb line. A second aspects makes this new technology disruptive; repetition rates of 10-500 GHz are possible and therefore give access to new applications where such widely spaced comb teeth are critical. In recent years the field has seen significant growth and a variety of proof of concept demonstrations including coherent communication, optical atomic clocks, as well as arbitrary waveform analysis or microwave generation. A new development that has provided immense impetus to the field has been the discovery of temporal dissipative solitons. Soliton formation in Kerr frequency combs enable to generate ultrashort pulses from a CW laser, and equally provide a means to generate broadband and entirely coherent combs, via soliton broadening effects. The observation of solitons has provided a route to combine Kerr combs with broadening techniques, gives access to ultrashort pulses in difficult to access regions (such as the mid IR) and equally provides a new method to synthesize microwaves from a stable optical carrier. Here propose to explore and use the soliton formation process, to address outstanding challenging. First, we seek to understanding of Dynamics and noise of temporal solitons in micro-resonators, important for their use in metrology and low noise microwave generation. Second, profiting from the developed SiN platform, we seek to demonstrate comb and soliton formation in the mid IR by developing a chip-scale micro-resonator combs pumped by a quantum cascade laser (QCL) source. This would provide a new method to synthesize combs in the molecular fingerprinting regime and a scientific first. Third, we would aim at using the solitons to achieve an octave spanning soliton spectrum on a chip via a dual dispersive wave formation process. Fourth, the solitons provide a pulse-train that, when generated with an ultra-stable laser, can translation an optical stable carrier to the microwave domain, enabling to achieve low phase noise microwaves. Finally we seek to use the solitons to create a frequency comb in the water window at 1 micron, which makes these sources immediately attractive for astrophysical spectrometer calibration and for CARS microscopy. Overall our objective is to explore and use the soliton formation process, to open new areas of exploration in science and technology of this new compact micro-resonator comb source, that can impact time-keeping, Radar, astronomy, coherent telecommunication or mid IR spectroscopy.
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