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Mobile and non-mobile young Swiss adults: prevalence, motivations, and barriers of temporary mobilities

English title Mobile and non-mobile young Swiss adults: prevalence, motivations, and barriers of temporary mobilities
Applicant Rérat Patrick
Number 165726
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut de géographie et durabilité Faculté des géosciences et de l'environnemen Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.03.2017 - 31.05.2021
Approved amount 362'944.00
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Keywords (5)

mobility; temporary mobility; life-course; young adults; youth

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
La mobilité géographique est souvent valorisée dans une société moderne telle que la Suisse. On ne connait cependant que très peu les pratiques et intentions de mobilité des jeunes Suisses, qu’il s’agisse d’expériences temporaires dans d’autres régions linguistiques ou à l’étranger.
Lay summary

La mobilité géographique de courte durée pour des raisons éducationnelles, professionnelles ou personnelles échappe souvent aux statistiques. Dans le monde professionnel en particulier, de tels séjours évoquent l’acquisition de compétences notamment linguistiques. Or, nous en savons très peu sur les pratiques et perspectives des jeunes en la matière. L’étude permettra non seulement de mesurer l’importance des expériences effectuées ou prévues, mais également de dresser un profil précis des jeunes dits ‘mobiles’ et ‘non-mobiles’. Elle offrira également de meilleures connaissances quant aux motivations et aux freins à la mobilité, ainsi qu’à ses bénéfices tels que perçus par les jeunes.

Ce projet se base sur une enquête de grande envergure, l’enquête ch-x (www.chx.ch), réalisée dans le cadre du recrutement pour l’armée suisse. Elle s’adresse à la quasi-totalité des jeunes hommes suisses de 18 à 20 ans (n=50’000), ainsi qu’à un échantillon supplémentaire de 3'000 femmes. L’anayses fine de ces données sera complétée par des entretiens qualitatifs. Le projet permettra, entre autres, de répondre aux questions suivantes : 1) Quelles sont les expériences et intentions des jeunes Suisses en matière de mobilité spatiale ? 2) Quels sont les facteurs disciminatoires à la mobilité ? 3) Quels sont les motivations et les freins à la mobilité ?

La plupart des études sur le sujet s’est limitée à des étudiant(e)s qui optent pour la mobilité. Nous en savons en revanche très peu sur les autres qui constituent pourtant la majorité des jeunes. Le projet permettra de dresser un profil détaillé des jeunes dits ‘mobiles’, et en quoi ils diffèrent des jeunes ‘non-mobiles’.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.10.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Young people and driving licences: who hasn’t got one (yet) and why? (English version)
HaldimannLucas, RératPatrick (2021), Young people and driving licences: who hasn’t got one (yet) and why? (English version), in Flux (cairn international), 5(1-2), 5-24.
Between stuckness and stillness: Why do young adults not undertake temporary mobility?
Haldimann Lucas, Heers Marieke, Rérat Patrick (2021), Between stuckness and stillness: Why do young adults not undertake temporary mobility?, in Population, Space and Place, 1-12.
Jeunesse (non)mobile ? Les facteurs influençant la propension à la mobilité temporaire des jeunes adultes suisses
HaldimannLucas, HeersMarieke, RératPatrick (2020), Jeunesse (non)mobile ? Les facteurs influençant la propension à la mobilité temporaire des jeunes adultes suisses, in Géo-Regards, 13, 103-130.
Le permis de conduire chez les jeunes : qui ne le passe pas (encore) et pourquoi ?
Rérat Patrick, Haldimann Lucas (2020), Le permis de conduire chez les jeunes : qui ne le passe pas (encore) et pourquoi ?, in Flux, N°119-120(1), 5-5.
Entre mobilité temporaire et ancrage local : portrait de la jeunesse suisse. Analyse des séjours dans d’autres régions linguistiques de Suisse et à l’étranger
Stam Alexandra, Rérat Patrick (ed.) (2019), Entre mobilité temporaire et ancrage local : portrait de la jeunesse suisse. Analyse des séjours dans d’autres régions linguistiques de Suisse et à l’étranger, Somedia / Rüegger, Chur.
Cadre d'analyse
RératPatrick, StamAlexandra (2019), Cadre d'analyse, in Stam Alexandra, Rérat Patrick (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Chur / Glarus, 29-39.
Conclusion
RératPatrick (2019), Conclusion, in Rérat Patrick, Stam Alexandra (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Chur / Glarus, 131-137.
Des jeunes entre mobilité temporaire et ancrage local
RératPatrick, HaldimannLucas, StamAlexandra (2019), Des jeunes entre mobilité temporaire et ancrage local, 4, 8-11.
Enquête
FerrezEliane, van den HendeAnthe (2019), Enquête, in Rérat Patrick, Stam Alexandra (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Chur / Glarus, 43-51.
Entre mobilité temporaire et ancrage local: portrait de la jeunesse suisse / Befristete Mobilität und Verankerung junger Schweizer and Schweizerinnen / Fra mobilità temporanea e ancoraggio locale: rit
StamAlexandra, RératPatrick (2019), Entre mobilité temporaire et ancrage local: portrait de la jeunesse suisse / Befristete Mobilität und Verankerung junger Schweizer and Schweizerinnen / Fra mobilità temporanea e ancoraggio locale: rit, 20-26.
Introduction
RératPatrick, StamAlexandra (2019), Introduction, in Rérat Patrick, Stam Alexandra (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Glarus / Chur, 25-26.
Mobilités et ancrages
StamAlexandra, FerrezEliane, van den HendeAnthe (2019), Mobilités et ancrages, in Stam Alexandra, Rérat Patrick (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Chur / Glarus, 55-79.
Motivations et freins à la mobilité temporaire
HeersMarieke, KleinerBrian, HaldimannLucas (2019), Motivations et freins à la mobilité temporaire, in Stam Alexandra, Rérat Patrick (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Chur / Glarus, 103-127.
Propension à la mobilité temporaire
HaldimannLucas, HeersMarieke, RératPatrick (2019), Propension à la mobilité temporaire, in Stam Alexandra, Rérat Patrick (ed.), Somedia / Rüegger, Chur / Glarus, 83-100.

Datasets

Life course and experiences of mobility (ch-x 2016/2017)

Author Stam, Alexandra; Kleiner, Brian; Heers, Marieke; Ferrez, Eliane; van den Hende, Anthe
Publication date 20.07.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.23662/FORS-DS-1107-1
Repository FORS BASE
Abstract
FORS won the open tender by the Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports to conduct the 2016-17 Swiss Federal Surveys of Adolescents (ch-x), which focuses on the topic of the geographical mobility of young people. ch-x are long-established large-scale surveys conducted amongst 19 to 21-year-old Swiss citizens. They provide virtually full coverage of young men drafted into the army, as well as a sample of women of the same age.The 2016-17 edition will allow an entire cohort of young men over a two-year period to be examined, as well as a complementary sample of approximately 2,000 women of the same age. Never before has there been a large-scale survey of this nature on the topic of mobility, with a special focus on language, professional and cultural stays in other language areas of Switzerland and abroad. The comprehensiveness of the paper questionnaire (over 100 questions) as well as the number of respondents in the dataset (more than 40,000) result in extremely rich data that will enable significant contributions in the fields of mobility and youth studies.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Population Geography Research Group Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Darren Smith (Loughborough University) Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
International Geographical Union Commission on Population Geography Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Scientific committee CH-X Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Swiss Mobility Confence Talk given at a conference Temporary mobility experiences: what prevents young adults from moving? 14.10.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Heers Marieke; Rérat Patrick; Haldimann Lucas;
10th International Conference on Population Geographies Talk given at a conference Temporary mobility experiences: what prevents young adults from moving? 01.07.2019 Loughborough, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Rérat Patrick; Heers Marieke; Haldimann Lucas;
Swiss Mobility Conference Talk given at a conference Temporary mobilities: motivations and barriers of mobile and non-mobile young Swiss adults 19.11.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland Kleiner Brian; Rérat Patrick; Heers Marieke; Haldimann Lucas;
Graduate Conference of Migration and Mobility Studies Talk given at a conference Temporary mobilities: motivations and barriers of mobile and non-mobile young swiss adults 13.09.2018 Neuchâtel, Switzerland Haldimann Lucas; Kleiner Brian; Heers Marieke; Rérat Patrick;
RGS-IBG Talk given at a conference Inequalities in access to educational mobility in Switzerland: the case of language stays 23.08.2018 Cardiff, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Haldimann Lucas; Rérat Patrick; Heers Marieke;
MOVE Talk given at a conference The selectiveness of temporary mobilities: the case of young adults in Switzerland 08.03.2018 Luxembourg, Luxembourg Haldimann Lucas; Heers Marieke; Rérat Patrick;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
En route vers une culture des échanges et de la mobilité; Auf dem Weg zu einer Austausch- und Mobilitätskultur Talk 18.05.2021 Bern, Switzerland Rérat Patrick;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Frauen, les pionnières dello scambio Movetia Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Western Switzerland International Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2021
Media relations: radio, television Conférence de presse 23.09.2019 RTS1, Radios romandes régionales, etc. Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television TRIBU: La mobilité des jeunes en Suisse RTS La Première Western Switzerland 2019

Abstract

Temporary mobility experiences, whether for education, employment or leisure, are often perceived as having positive outcomes, such as better professional perspectives. Research on young adults, and in particular the student population, has demonstrated that such experiences strongly contribute to the development of skills, for example linguistic, cultural and social skills, as well as personal development. Further, mobility experiences, which range from short school exchanges to longer experiences in another linguistic area or another country, are linked to many governmental initiatives supporting young adults. In Switzerland, there is currently much debate about reinforcing school exchanges between different linguistic areas. Yet, very little is known about the prevalence of various forms of short stays, the factors that influence mobility experiences across social strata, and the various underlying motivations and barriers that promote or discourage temporary mobility. Until now, studies have largely concentrated on university students. As such, research has largely concentrated on more privileged young people, and has strongly neglected the rest of the population. This project will follow an extraordinary opportunity - the upcoming 2016-17 edition of the Swiss Federal Surveys of Adolescents (ch-x), which will focus on the topic of youth mobility. This edition of ch-x, led by FORS, will allow examination of an entire cohort of young adults over a two year period - 18-20 years old male citizens who take part in the recruitment process of the army, as well as a complementary sample of some 2’000 women of the same age. Never before has there been a large-scale survey of this nature on the topic of temporary mobility. The length of the paper questionnaire (over 100 questions) as well as the number of anticipated respondents (about 50’000) will provide extremely rich data that will allow us to contribute significantly to the fields of mobility and youth studies. Addressing the theoretical gaps and methodological shortcomings mentioned above, our mixed-method approach will draw on advanced statistical analyses of the ch-x survey data on the one hand, and a qualitative complement on the other, providing a more complete picture overall of the experiences, selective factors, motivations, and barriers behind the mobility of young adults. We will employ a life-course perspective for both the quantitative and qualitative analyses, with focus on three types of trajectory - socio-familial, migration, and educational/professional. The project is the result of collaboration between FORS and the Institute of Geography and Sustainability at the University of Lausanne. The work will be carried out over a three-year period by a doctoral student, who will use the ch-x data for his/her dissertation, as well as a senior researcher (at 30%), and will culminate in a series of shared publications.
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