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Dynamics of Institutional Mechanisms in Enterprise-wide Information Systems Architecture

English title Dynamics of Institutional Mechanisms in Enterprise-wide Information Systems Architecture
Applicant Winter Robert
Number 165607
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Wirtschaftsinformatik Universität St. Gallen
Institution of higher education University of St.Gallen - SG
Main discipline Science of management
Start/End 01.06.2016 - 31.05.2019
Approved amount 354'589.00
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Keywords (5)

archetype theory; enterprise-wide IS architecture; enterprise architecture; institutional theory; mixed methods research

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Es ist ein zentrales Ziel des Architekturmanagements von Informationssystemen (IS), lokal fokussierte, kurzfristige IS-Investitionen mit unternehmensweiten, langfristigen Zielen in Einklang zu bringen. Im Gegensatz zu existierenden Theorien zur IS-Architektur, die vornehmlich von zentralen Koordinationsprozessen ausgehen, legt dieses Forschungsvorhaben den Schwerpunkt auf den dezentral durchführbaren Prozess „effektive Zusammenarbeit“ und seine dynamische Entwicklung.
Lay summary
Das vorliegende Forschungsprojekt untersucht aus theoretischer Sichtweise die Zusammenarbeit zwischen unterschiedlichen lokalen Bereichen in Unternehmen. Im Gegensatz zu deterministischen und präskriptiven Ansätzen des IS-Architekturmanagements wird effektive Zusammenarbeit hier als emergentes Phänomen kontextueller und probabilistischer Natur verstanden - ein Prozess welcher die Balance zwischen lokal fokussierten, kurzfristigen Anforderungen und übergreifenden, langfristigen Zielsetzungen anstrebt. Dieser Betrachtungsweise folgt die Methodik des Mixed Methods Design, um den Prozess effektiver Zusammenarbeit aus zwei Perspektiven zu untersuchen: Zum einen wird im Sinne einer statischen Betrachtungsweise untersucht, welche institutionellen Mechanismen die Etablierung effektiver Zusammenarbeit innerhalb unternehmensweiter IS-Architekturen fördern (Institutional Theory). Zum anderen wird eine dynamische, zeitraumbezogene Perspektive gewählt, welche das Phänomen effektiver Zusammenarbeit in seiner Entstehung sowie seiner Entwicklung über einen längeren Zeitverlauf verfolgt (Archetype Theory). Die statische und die dynamische Perspektiven sollen schliesslich zu einer Theorie effektiver Zusammenarbeit kombiniert werden.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 30.03.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Coordination in Enterprise Architecture Management: An Institutional Perspective
Brosius Maximilian (2019), Coordination in Enterprise Architecture Management: An Institutional Perspective, Difo-Druck, Untersiemau.
The Institutional Logic of Harmonization: Local Versus Global Perspectives
Brosius Maximilian, Aier Stephan, Haki Kazem, Winter Robert (2019), The Institutional Logic of Harmonization: Local Versus Global Perspectives, in Advances in Enterprise Engineering XII 8th Enterprise Engineering Working Conference, EEWC 2018, LuxemburgSpringer International Publishing, Cham.
Dynamics of Control Mechanisms in Enterprise Architecture Management: A Sensemaking Perspective
Schilling Raphael David, Haki Kazem, AierStephan (2018), Dynamics of Control Mechanisms in Enterprise Architecture Management: A Sensemaking Perspective, in ICIS 2018 Proceedings, San FranciscoAssociation for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
Enterprise Architecture Assimilation: An Institutional Perspective
Brosius Maximilian, AierStephan, HakiKazem, WinterRobert (2018), Enterprise Architecture Assimilation: An Institutional Perspective, in ICIS 2018 Proceedings, San FranciscoAssociation for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
Exploring Foundations for Using Simulations in IS Research
Za Stefano, Spagnoletti Paolo, Winter Robert, Mettler Tobias (2018), Exploring Foundations for Using Simulations in IS Research, in Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 42, 10.
Simulation-Based Research in Information Systems: Epistemic Implications and a Review of the Status Quo
Beese Jannis, Haki M. Kazem, Aier Stephan, Winter Robert (2018), Simulation-Based Research in Information Systems: Epistemic Implications and a Review of the Status Quo, in Business & Information Systems Engineering, 1.
Theories to Understand the Dynamic Nature of Enterprise Architecture
Schilling Raphael David (2018), Theories to Understand the Dynamic Nature of Enterprise Architecture, in 2018 IEEE 22nd International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Workshop (EDOCW), StockholmIEEE, Los Alamitos.
Extending CCM4DSR for Collaborative Diagnosis of Socio-Technical Problems
Schilling Raphael D., Aier Stephan, Brosius Maximilian, Haki Kazem, Winter Robert (2017), Extending CCM4DSR for Collaborative Diagnosis of Socio-Technical Problems, in Designing the Digital Transformation. DESRIST 2017, KarlsruheSpringer International Publishing, Cham.
A Literature Review of Coordination Mechanisms: Contrasting Organization Science and Information Systems Perspectives
Brosius Maximilian, Haki Kazem, Aier Stephan, Winter Robert (2017), A Literature Review of Coordination Mechanisms: Contrasting Organization Science and Information Systems Perspectives, in Advances in Enterprise Engineering XI 7th Enterprise Engineering Working Conference, EEWC 2017, AntwerpSpringer International Publishing, Cham.
Introducing a Coordination Perspective to Enterprise Architecture Management Research
Brosius Maximilian, Aier Stephan, Haki Kazem (2017), Introducing a Coordination Perspective to Enterprise Architecture Management Research, in 2017 IEEE 21st International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Workshop (EDOCW), Quebec CityIEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos.
Introducing Archetype Theory to Information Systems Research: A Literature Review and Call for Future Research
Schilling Raphael David, HakiKazem, AierStephan (2017), Introducing Archetype Theory to Information Systems Research: A Literature Review and Call for Future Research, in 13th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2017), St. Gallen13th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2017), St. Gallen.
Key Performance Indicators for a Capability-Based Application Portfolio Management
Khosroshahi Pouya Aleatrati, Beese Jannis, Yilmaz Fatih, Matthes Florian, Winter Robert (2017), Key Performance Indicators for a Capability-Based Application Portfolio Management, in 2017 IEEE 21st International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Workshop (EDOCW), Quebec CityIEEE, Los Alamitos.
Revisiting the Impact of Information Systems Architecture Complexity: A Complex Adaptive Systems Perspective
SchillingRaphael David, BeeseJannis, HakiKazem, AierStephan, WinterRobert (2017), Revisiting the Impact of Information Systems Architecture Complexity: A Complex Adaptive Systems Perspective, in ICIS 2017 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
A Learning Perspective on Enterprise Architecture Management
Brosius Maximilian, HakiKazem, AierStephan, WinterRobert (2016), A Learning Perspective on Enterprise Architecture Management, in ICIS 2016 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
A Stakeholder Perspective to Study Enterprisewide IS Initiatives
HakiKazem, AierStephan, WinterRobert (2016), A Stakeholder Perspective to Study Enterprisewide IS Initiatives, in ECIS 2016 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
Drivers and Effects of Information Systems Architecture Complexity: A Mixed-Methods Study
Beese Jannis, Aier Stephan, Haki Kazem, Aleatrati Khosroshahi Pouya (2016), Drivers and Effects of Information Systems Architecture Complexity: A Mixed-Methods Study, in 24th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), IstanbulAssociation for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
Motivation for Coordination - a Complementary Approach to Enterprise Architecture Management Research
Brosius Maximilian (2016), Motivation for Coordination - a Complementary Approach to Enterprise Architecture Management Research, in 2016 IEEE 20th International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Workshop (EDOCW), ViennaIEEE, Los Alamitos.
Themes of Coordination in IS Reference Theories
Brosius Maximilian, Haki Kazem, Aier Stephan (2016), Themes of Coordination in IS Reference Theories, in ECIS 2016 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).
Untangling EA's Long Path of Becoming a Partner for Business Transformation: The Case of Swiss Federal Railways
Aier Stephan, Weiss Simon, Winter Robert, Rytz Bernhard (2016), Untangling EA's Long Path of Becoming a Partner for Business Transformation: The Case of Swiss Federal Railways, in 2016 IEEE 20th International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Workshop (EDOCW), ViennaIEEE, Los Alamitos.
Designing Evolution Paths for Enterprise-wide Information Systems
Winter Robert, Aier Stephan, Designing Evolution Paths for Enterprise-wide Information Systems, in Maedche Alexander, vom Brocke Jan, Hevner Alan (ed.), Springer, Cham, 1.
The Evolution of Information Systems Architecture: An Agent-Based Simulation Model
HakiKazem, BeeseJannis, AierStephan, WinterRobert, The Evolution of Information Systems Architecture: An Agent-Based Simulation Model, in MIS Ouarterly, 1.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Stephan Aier, IWI-HSG Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Software Engineering for Business Information Systems (sebis), TU München Germany (Europe)
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Enterprise Engineering Working Conference (EEWC 2019) Talk given at a conference Enterprise Architecture as a Public Goods Dilemma: An Experimental Approach 20.05.2019 Lisbon, Portugal Haki Kazem; Winter Robert;
International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2018) Talk given at a conference Enterprise Architecture Assimilation: An Institutional Perspective 13.12.2018 San Francisco, United States of America Brosius Maximilian; Winter Robert; Haki Kazem;
Trends in Enterprise Architecture Research Workshop (TEAR) @ EDOC 2018 Talk given at a conference Theories to Understand the Dynamic Nature of Enterprise Architecture 16.10.2018 Stockholm, Sweden Schilling Raphael;
Enterprise Engineering Working Conference (EEWC 2018) Talk given at a conference The Institutional Logic of Harmonization: Local Versus Global Perspectives 28.05.2018 Luxemburg, Luxembourg Winter Robert; Haki Kazem; Brosius Maximilian;
International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2017) Talk given at a conference Revisiting the Impact of Information Systems Architecture Complexity: A Complex Adaptive Systems Perspective 10.12.2017 Seoul, Korean Republic (South Korea) Haki Kazem; Schilling Raphael; Winter Robert;
Trends in Enterprise Architecture Research Workshop (TEAR) @ EDOC 2017 Talk given at a conference Introducing a Coordination Perspective to Enterprise Architecture Management Research 10.10.2017 Quebec, Canada Haki Kazem; Brosius Maximilian;
International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2017) Talk given at a conference Extending CCM4DSR for Collaborative Diagnosis of Socio-Technical Problems 30.05.2017 Karlsruhe, Germany Winter Robert; Brosius Maximilian; Haki Kazem; Schilling Raphael;
Enterprise Engineering Working Conference (EEWC 2017) Talk given at a conference A Literature Review of Coordination Mechanisms: Contrasting Organization Science and Information Systems Perspectives 08.05.2017 Antwerp, Belgium Winter Robert; Haki Kazem; Brosius Maximilian;
International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2017) Talk given at a conference Introducing Archetype Theory to Information Systems Research: A Literature Review and Call for Future Research 12.02.2017 St. Gallen, Switzerland Haki Kazem; Schilling Raphael;
International Conference of Information Systems (ICIS 2016) Talk given at a conference A Learning Perspective on Enterprise Architecture Management 14.12.2016 Dublin, Ireland Brosius Maximilian; Winter Robert; Haki Kazem;
Trends in Enterprise Architecture Research Workshop (TEAR) @ EDOC 2016 Talk given at a conference Motivation for Coordination - A Complementary Approach to Enterprise Architecture Management Research 06.09.2016 Vienna, Austria Brosius Maximilian;
European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2016) Talk given at a conference A Stakeholder Perspective to Study Enterprisewide IS Initiatives 12.06.2016 Istanbul, Turkey Haki Kazem; Winter Robert;


Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
St. Galler Anwenderforum (AWF 2018) 29.10.2018 St. Gallen, Switzerland
St. Galler Anwenderforum (AWF 2017) 13.11.2017 St. Gallen, Switzerland
DW2016 22.11.2016 Zurich, Switzerland
St. Galler Anwenderforum (AWF 2016) 14.11.2016 St. Gallen, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions St. Galler Anwenderforum (AWF 2018) German-speaking Switzerland International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Komplexität von IT-Landschaften Wirtschaftsinformatik & Management International German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions St. Galler Anwenderforum (AWF 2017) German-speaking Switzerland International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Was heisst Digitalisierung für unsere Unternehmen? German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions St. Galler Anwenderforum (AWF 2016) International German-speaking Switzerland 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
185130 Ambidextrous Digital Platforms: Balancing Control and Emergence 01.08.2019 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Over the past decades, we have witnessed enormous growth of investments in information systems (IS) in organizations. On the one hand, constant investments in IS had a significant impact on organizations’ performance. On the other hand, these investments resulted in a significant complexity of the IS landscape (i.e., the entire set of an organization’s information systems and their interdependencies). The latter manifests in a large and ever-growing number of diverse information systems, which are costly to maintain, tightly interrelated, and lack flexibility with regard to business changes. This encouraged scholars and practitioners to propagate the concept of enterprise architecture (EA). EA primarily aims to bring an enterprise-wide perspective to IS architecture-extending the focus of management beyond a single information system and therefore highlighting the complex interdependencies within corporate IS landscapes. Notwithstanding considerable attention to EA both from academia and industry, current studies merely focus on its conceptualization as a centralization approach to strictly coordinate IS investments with global objectives. Owing to the inherent challenges of such a firmly centralized approach in complex organizational settings, many organizations experienced huge difficulties in establishing an enterprise-wide IS architecture. Consequently, some organizations could not manage to centrally coordinate IS investments and perceived their EA initiatives as a failure. However, others achieved the expected benefits through dynamically adapting enterprise-wide IS architecture to their organizational specificities. This calls for a distinctive theorization of enterprise-wide IS architecture that goes beyond existing deterministic formulation (i.e., centralized coordination) and eventually conceptualizes this phenomenon as an on-going effort to attain effective collaboration: a dynamic endeavor to continuously balance divergent and constantly changing requirements of different organizational entities to produce enterprise-wide solutions. Through the lens of institutional theory, this study seeks to investigate how and through which institutional mechanisms enterprise-wide IS architecture fosters effective collaboration. Institutional theory is one of the dominantly used theoretical lenses to investigate both organizational and IS phenomena. Nevertheless, theorists invite more research for an account of intra-organizational change and dynamics in institutional studies. To this end and through combining two different, but related epistemological assumptions, we split this project in two sequential parts. The first part employs a static, variance-based approach to explain what institutional factors determine the adoption of effective collaboration in enterprise-wide IS architecture. The second part, in turn, exploits a dynamic, process-based approach to explain how effective collaboration in enterprise-wide IS architecture emerges over time. The latter takes the archetype theory as a complementary lens to the institutional perspective. This project employs a mixed methods research design to not only generate theory through both qualitative and quantitative methods, but also to cater an overall picture of the phenomenon through triangulating the generated theory. Beyond the existing body of knowledge’s static worldviews and deterministic prescriptions, this project will contribute to a conceptualization of enterprise-wide IS architecture as an emergent, dynamic process through which organizations continuously strive for achieving effective collaboration. Moreover, this study potentially contributes to the on-going discussions on the dynamic perspective as well as to micro-level analyses in institutional studies. The research team comprises senior scholars in the research field, has profound knowledge on the suggested research methods and theoretical lenses, and has excellent access to the required data owing to close, regular contact with industry partners.
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