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Investigating the fluid and crystallized components of emotional intelligence

English title Investigating the fluid and crystallized components of emotional intelligence
Applicant Fiori Marina
Number 165605
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Département de comportement organisationnel Faculté des HEC Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.06.2016 - 31.08.2019
Approved amount 238'122.00
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Keywords (6)

Ability emotional intelligence tests; Emotional intelligence; Emotion information processing; Fluid emotional intelligence; Emotion knowledge; Crystallized emotional intelligence

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Etant conceptualisé comme une forme d’intelligence, l’IE devrait être reliée aux deux composants de l’intelligence gf et gc. Toutefois, la composante de l’intelligence la plus souvent reliée avec l’IE mesurée est l’intelligence cristallisée ou gc , lorsque les tests de l’IE montrent de faibles associations avec les tâches traitant les processus émotionnels qui sont plus fortement liées à la composante fluide de l’intelligence ou gf - comme le temps d’inspection et l’attention sélective des stimulis émotionnels. Les relations entre une composante de l’IE plus fortement associée à gc et capturées par les tests actuels d’IE, et la performance dans le traitement des tâches émotionnelles n’a pas été systématiquement abordé dans la littérature et mérite plus ample d’investigations.
Lay summary

Deux études moyennant différentes méthodes se sont proposées afin d’aborder cette issue. L’étude 1 testera la structure sous-jacente de l’IE avec une large étude à variables multiples impliquant les mesures de l’IE et le traitement des tâches d’informations émotionnelles, dans laquelle plusieurs modèles d’analyse factorielle (CFA) vont être confrontés afin de fournir la meilleure approche possible aux données. L’étude 2 investiguera la relation entre l’IEc et l’IEf, avec un plan expérimentale testant si les individus avec une plus large, en comparaison avec une plus étroite, connaissance émotionnelle (ou IE) possèdent une manière spécifique de traiter les informations émotionnelles (ou IEf).

L’identification d’une composante de l’IE, qui n’est pas (entièrement) capturée par les tests actuels, est importante car cela révèlerait un aspect de l’IE qui n’est pas mesuré (et donc omis) dans les recherches courantes. Il est important de noter qu’une telle composante peut prédire des variances supplémentaires dans les comportements caractérisés par un grand engagement émotionnel. La recherche aura une implication théorique et pratique importante. Tout d’abord, elle fera progresser la théorie en lui fournissant une re-conceptualisation des composantes basiques sous-jacentes à l’IE. Ensuite, cela clarifiera le rôle des différentes composantes de prédictions différentielles du comportement émotionnellement intelligent. Finalement, cela offrira des apports pour le développement de nouveaux tests d’IE qui seraient ouverts à la composante fluide de l’IE. 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.05.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Emotion information processing as a new component of emotional intelligence: Theoretical framework and empirical evidence
Fiori Marina, Udayar Shagini, Vesely Maillefer Ashley (2021), Emotion information processing as a new component of emotional intelligence: Theoretical framework and empirical evidence, in European Journal of Personality, 0890207021-0890207021.
Emotional intelligence and performance in a stressful task: The mediating role of self-efficacy
Udayar Shagini, Fiori Marina, Bausseron Elise (2020), Emotional intelligence and performance in a stressful task: The mediating role of self-efficacy, in Personality and Individual Differences, 156, 109790-109790.
Introducing A New Component Of Emotional Intelligence: Emotion Information Processing
Fiori Marina, Udayar Shagini, Vesely-Maillefer Ashley (2019), Introducing A New Component Of Emotional Intelligence: Emotion Information Processing, in Academy of Management Proceedings, 2019(1), 17276-17276.
Investigating the link between trait emotional intelligence, career indecision, and self-perceived employability: The role of career adaptability
Udayar Shagini, Fiori Marina, Thalmayer Amber Gayle, Rossier Jérôme (2018), Investigating the link between trait emotional intelligence, career indecision, and self-perceived employability: The role of career adaptability, in Personality and Individual Differences, 135, 7-12.
Emotional Intelligence as an Ability: Theory, Challenges, and New Directions
Fiori Marina, Vesely-Maillefer Ashley K. (2018), Emotional Intelligence as an Ability: Theory, Challenges, and New Directions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 23.
Enhancing the Prediction of Emotionally Intelligent Behavior: The PAT Integrated Framework Involving Trait EI, Ability EI, and Emotion Information Processing
Vesely Maillefer Ashley, Udayar Shagini, Fiori Marina (2018), Enhancing the Prediction of Emotionally Intelligent Behavior: The PAT Integrated Framework Involving Trait EI, Ability EI, and Emotion Information Processing, in Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1078.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
SPS Conference Talk given at a conference Introducing a new emotion-information processing component of emotional intelligence: its role in predicting charismatic performance under stress 09.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Udayar Shagini; Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley; Fiori Marina;
Annual Convention of the Academy of Management Talk given at a conference Introducing A New Component Of Emotional Intelligence: Emotion Information Processing. 09.08.2019 Boston, United States of America Fiori Marina; Udayar Shagini; Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley;
Biennual conference of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID) Talk given at a conference Introducing a ‘fluid’ component of emotional intelligence related to emotion information processing. 31.07.2019 Florence, Italy Fiori Marina;
Biennual conference of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID) Talk given at a conference Ability and trait emotional intelligence predict performance in a stressful task: The role of self-efficacy. 31.07.2019 Florence, Italy Udayar Shagini; Fiori Marina; Bausseron Elise;
International Convention of Psychological Science (ICPS) Talk given at a conference How Do High Emotionally Intelligent Individuals Achieve Better Performance? Exploring the Role of a Positivity Bias. 07.03.2019 Paris, France Udayar Shagini; Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley; Fiori Marina;
International Conference of Applied Psychology (ICAP) Talk given at a conference Introducing a new component of emotional intelligence: Emotion information processing. 26.06.2018 Montreal, Canada Udayar Shagini; Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley; Fiori Marina;
SPS Conference Talk given at a conference Trait and Ability Emotional Intelligence: Working Together to Predict Emotion Related Outcomes 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley; Fiori Marina; Udayar Shagini;
SPS Conference Talk given at a conference Investigating the fluid and crystallized components of EI 04.09.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley; Fiori Marina; Udayar Shagini;
Biannual Conference of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID) Talk given at a conference Individual and Joint Contributions of Trait and Ability Emotional Intelligence in Predicting Emotion Related Outcomes. 24.07.2017 Warsaw, Poland Maillefer (Vesely) Ashley; Fiori Marina; Udayar Shagini;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Intelligence Day 2019 Talk 21.09.2019 Geneva, Switzerland Fiori Marina;


Abstract

Emotional Intelligence (EI) was introduced in the psychological literature as a set of abilities that concerns using emotions to guide one's thinking and actions (Salovey & Mayer, 1990). Current ability EI tests show moderate correlation with intelligence, supporting the conceptualization of EI as an ability. Interestingly, the component of intelligence mostly correlated with the EI facets is crystallized intelligence or gc (Farrelly & Austin, 2007; Mayer, Roberts, & Barsade, 2008; Roberts et al. 2006, Roberts et al., 2008), which suggests that current tests may capture especially the amount of knowledge about emotions people possess. At the same time, ability EI tests show weak associations with emotion information processing tasks, such as inspection time and selective attention to emotional stimuli (Farrelly & Austin, 2010; Fiori & Antonakis, 2012), which are correlated with the fluid component of intelligence or gf. These findings suggest that within a broad conceptualization of EI as a unique construct there might be two distinct components: one related to top-down, higher order reasoning about emotions, which depends more strongly on acquired and culture-bound knowledge about emotions, and may represent the crystallized component of EI (EIc or emotion knowledge component); and another based on bottom-up sensory-motor responses to novel emotion information, which requires faster processing, and may represent the fluid component of EI (EIf or emotion information processing component). The relationship between a component of EI more strongly associated with gc and captured by current EI tests, and another component associated with gf and measured with emotion processing tasks has not been systematically addressed in the literature and deserves further investigation. Being conceptualized as a form of intelligence, EI should be related to both gf and gc. In fact, it is conceivable that high-EI individuals would have wider emotion knowledge, but also stronger emotion processing abilities in dealing with emotional stimuli, both accounting for how individuals perform in emotionally charged situations and each predicting different portions of emotionally intelligent behavior. The identification of a component of EI that is not (fully) captured by current tests is important because it would reveal an aspect of EI that is not measured (and therefore omitted) in current research. Importantly, such a component may predict additional variance in behavior characterized by high emotional involvement. To investigate the fluid and crystallized components of EI two studies employing different methods are proposed. Study 1 will test the underlying structure of EI with a large multivariate study involving EI measures and emotion information processing tasks, in which several CFA models will be confronted to provide the best fit to the data. Study 2 will investigate the relationship between EIc and EIf with an experimental design testing whether individuals with wider, as compared to narrower, emotion knowledge (or EIc) possess a specific way to process emotion information (or EIf). The research will have important theoretical and practical implications. First, it will advance theory by providing a reconceptualization of the basic components underlying EI. Second, it will shed light on the role of the different EI components in differentially predicting emotionally intelligent behavior. Ultimately, it will provide inputs for the development of new EI tests that tap into the fluid component of EI.
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