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Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry

English title Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry
Applicant Wurz Peter
Number 165570
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Physikalisches Institut Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Start/End 01.04.2016 - 31.03.2017
Approved amount 400'000.00
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Keywords (6)

Planetary Atmospheres; Jupiter; Mass Spectrometry; Interstellar Gas; Moon; Mercury

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Für viele Fragestellungen bei der Untersuchung des Ursprunges und der Entwicklung unserer Planeten spielt das Wissen um deren chemische Zusammensetzung eine zentrale Rolle. Zusätzlich ist auch die Isotopenverteilung mancher chemischer Elemente von wesentlicher Bedeutung, z.B. für die Altersbestimmung eines Objektes oder als Anzeichen eines eventuellen biologischen Ursprungs des untersuchten planetarem Materials. Sowohl Messungen von Bodenmaterial wie auch der Atmosphäre sind notwendig.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Zur Erforschung der Merkuratmosphäre haben wir ein Massenspektrometer entwickelt, welches auf der Raumsonde BepiColombo/ESA 2018 zum Merkur fliegen, und die chemische Zusammensetzung der Atmosphäre messen wird. Aus diesen Daten werden wir mit Hilfe unseres Atmosphärenmodels die chemische Zusammensetzung des Merkurbodens ermitteln. Merkur, als innerster Planet, und mit einer sehr alten Oberfläche, ist ein wichtiger Informant für die Entstehungsgeschichte der terrestrischen Planeten.  

Zur Erforschung von Jupiters Eismonden entwickeln wir ein hochempfindliches Massenspektrometer für die Atmosphären von Europa, Ganymed und Kallisto. Der Start der Raumsonde JUICE/ESA ist für 2022 angesetzt. Diese Monde sind gemeinsam mit Jupiter aus der ursprünglichen protosolaren Gas- und Staubscheibe entstanden, haben sich jedoch chemisch anders entwickelt als Jupiter, was Rückschlüsse auf den Entstehungsprozess dieser Monde und die ursprüngliche Scheibe erlaubt. 

Wir entwickeln kompakte Laserablations Massenspektrometer für den Einsatz auf Raumsonden die für eine Landung auf planetaren Körpern vorgesehen sind. Diese Instrumente führen autonom chemische Analysen von Material von der Oberfläche und dem nahen Untergrund durch, sowie die Bestimmung von deren Isotopenverteilung (z.B. Bleiisotope zur Altersbestimmung des Gesteins oder Schwefelisotope für potentielles biologisches Material). Zwei solche Instrumente bauen wir für die Luna-Resurs und Luna-Glob Mission.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Unsere Arbeit wird neue Informationen über die chemische Zusammensetzung des polaren Mondbodens liefern, das flüchtige Material erfassen (Wasser, Methan, ...) welches im Oberflächengestein enthalten ist und quantifizieren. Durch die Entwicklung von leistungsstarken und sehr kompakten wissenschaftlichen Instrumenten, ist deren Anwendung für die Feldforschung auf der Erde denkbar, wo portable Geräte gefragt sind.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.03.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
On the in-situ detectability of Europa's water vapour plumes from a flyby mission
Huybrighs Hans L.F., Futaana Yoshifumi, Barabash Stanislav, Wieser Martin, Wurz Peter, Krupp Norbert, Glassmeier Karl-Heinz, Vermeersen Bert (2017), On the in-situ detectability of Europa's water vapour plumes from a flyby mission, in Icarus, 289, 270-280.
A New Method and Mass-Spectrometric Instrument for Extraterrestrial Microbial Life Detection Using the Elemental Composition Analyses of Martian Regolith and Permafrost/Ice
Managadze G.G., Safronova A.A., Luchnikov K.A., Vorobyova E.A., Duxbury N.S., Wurz P., Managadze N.G., Chumikov A.E., Khamizov R.Kh. (2017), A New Method and Mass-Spectrometric Instrument for Extraterrestrial Microbial Life Detection Using the Elemental Composition Analyses of Martian Regolith and Permafrost/Ice, in Astrobiology, 17(5), 448-458.
Sensitivity and fragmentation calibration of the time-of-flight mass spectrometer RTOF on board ESA's Rosetta mission
Gasc Sébastien, Altwegg Kathrin, Fiethe Björn, Jäckel Annette, Korth Axel, Le Roy Léna, Mall Urs, Rème Henri, Rubin Martin, Hunter Waite J., Wurz Peter (2017), Sensitivity and fragmentation calibration of the time-of-flight mass spectrometer RTOF on board ESA's Rosetta mission, in Planetary and Space Science, 135, 64-73.
Shielding an MCP Detector for a Space-Borne Mass Spectrometer Against the Harsh Radiation Environment in Jupiter’s Magnetosphere
Lasi D., Tulej M., Meyer S., Luthi M., Galli A., Piazza D., Wurz P., Reggiani D., Xiao H., Marcinkowski R., Hajdas W., Cervelli A., Karlsson S., Knight T., Grande M., Barabash S. (2017), Shielding an MCP Detector for a Space-Borne Mass Spectrometer Against the Harsh Radiation Environment in Jupiter’s Magnetosphere, in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 64(1), 605-613.
Ionospheric plasma of comet 67P probed by Rosetta at 3 au from the Sun
Galand M., Héritier K. L., Odelstad E., Henri P., Broiles T. W., Allen A. J., Altwegg K., Beth A., Burch J. L., Carr C. M., Cupido E., Eriksson A. I., Glassmeier K.-H., Johansson F. L., Lebreton J.-P., Mandt K. E., Nilsson H., Richter I., Rubin M., Sagnières L. B. M., Schwartz S. J., Sémon T., Tzou C.-Y., Vallières X., et al. (2016), Ionospheric plasma of comet 67P probed by Rosetta at 3 au from the Sun, in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 462(Suppl 1), S331-S351.
Ionospheric plasma of comet 67P probed by Rosetta at 3 au from the Sun
Galand M., Héritier K. L., Odelstad E., Henri P., Broiles T. W., Allen A. J., Altwegg K., Beth A., Burch J. L., Carr C. M., Cupido E., Eriksson A. I., Glassmeier K.-H., Johansson F. L., Lebreton J.-P., Mandt K. E., Nilsson H., Richter I., Rubin M., Sagnières L. B. M., Schwartz S. J., Sémon T., Tzou C.-Y., Vallières X., et al. (2016), Ionospheric plasma of comet 67P probed by Rosetta at 3 au from the Sun, in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 462(Suppl 1), S331-S351.
IBEX OBSERVATIONS OF SECONDARY INTERSTELLAR HELIUM AND OXYGEN DISTRIBUTIONS
Park Jeewoo, Kucharek Harald, Möbius Eberhard, Galli André, Kubiak Marzena A., Bzowski Maciej, McComas David J. (2016), IBEX OBSERVATIONS OF SECONDARY INTERSTELLAR HELIUM AND OXYGEN DISTRIBUTIONS, in The Astrophysical Journal, 833(2), 130-130.
Transport of solar wind plasma onto the lunar nightside surface
Vorburger A., Wurz P., Barabash S., Futaana Y., Wieser M., Bhardwaj A., Dhanya M. B., Asamura K. (2016), Transport of solar wind plasma onto the lunar nightside surface, in Geophysical Research Letters, (20), 10,586-10,594.
Excess of l-alanine in amino acids synthesized in a plasma torch generated by a hypervelocity meteorite impact reproduced in the laboratory
Managadze George G., Engel Michael H., Getty Stephanie, Wurz Peter, Brinckerhoff William B., Shokolov Anatoly G., Sholin Gennady V., Terent'ev Sergey A., Chumikov Alexander E., Skalkin Alexander S., Blank Vladimir D., Prokhorov Vyacheslav M., Managadze Nina G., Luchnikov Konstantin A. (2016), Excess of l-alanine in amino acids synthesized in a plasma torch generated by a hypervelocity meteorite impact reproduced in the laboratory, in Planetary and Space Science, 131, 70-78.
The Hera Saturn entry probe mission
Mousis O., Atkinson D.H., Spilker T., Venkatapathy E., Poncy J., Frampton R., Coustenis A., Reh K., Lebreton J.-P., Fletcher L.N., Hueso R., Amato M.J., Colaprete A., Ferri F., Stam D., Wurz P., Atreya S., Aslam S., Banfield D.J., Calcutt S., Fischer G., Holland A., Keller C., Kessler E., et al. (2016), The Hera Saturn entry probe mission, in Planetary and Space Science, 130, 80-103.
Mass spectrometric characterization of the Rosetta Spacecraft contamination with ROSINA
Bieler A., Altwegg K., Balsiger H., Berthelier J.-J., Calmonte U., Combi M., De Keyser J., Fiethe B., Fuselier S. A., Gasc S., Gombosi T., Hansen K. C., Hässig M., Korth A., Le Roy L., Mall U., Rème H., Rubin M., Sémon T., Tenishev V., Tzou C.-Y., Waite J. H., Wurz P. (2016), Mass spectrometric characterization of the Rosetta Spacecraft contamination with ROSINA, in SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, San Diego, California, United StatesSociety of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers, Washington, USA.
Experimental investigation of the radiation shielding efficiency of a MCP detector in the radiation environment near Jupiter’s moon Europa
Tulej M., Meyer S., Lüthi M., Lasi D., Galli A., Piazza D., Desorgher L., Reggiani D., Hajdas W., Karlsson S., Kalla L., Wurz P. (2016), Experimental investigation of the radiation shielding efficiency of a MCP detector in the radiation environment near Jupiter’s moon Europa, in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and , 383, 21-37.
Mass spectrometry of planetary exospheres at high relative velocity: direct comparison of open- and closed source measurements
Meyer Stefan, Tulej Marek, Wurz Peter (2016), Mass spectrometry of planetary exospheres at high relative velocity: direct comparison of open- and closed source measurements, in Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems Discussions, 1-12.
Surface charging of thick porous water ice layers relevant for ion sputtering experiments
Galli A., Vorburger A., Pommerol A., Wurz P., Jost B., Poch O., Brouet Y., Tulej M., Thomas N. (2016), Surface charging of thick porous water ice layers relevant for ion sputtering experiments, in Planetary and Space Science, 126, 63-71.
Characteristics of proton velocity distribution functions in the near-lunar wake from Chandrayaan-1/SWIM observations
Dhanya M.B., Bhardwaj Anil, Futaana Yoshifumi, Barabash Stas, Alok Abhinaw, Wieser Martin, Holmström Mats, Wurz Peter (2016), Characteristics of proton velocity distribution functions in the near-lunar wake from Chandrayaan-1/SWIM observations, in Icarus, 271, 120-130.
ORIGIN OF MOLECULAR OXYGEN IN COMET 67P/CHURYUMOV–GERASIMENKO
Mousis O., Ronnet T., Brugger B., Ozgurel O., Pauzat F., Ellinger Y., Maggiolo R., Wurz P., Vernazza P., Lunine J. I., Luspay-Kuti A., Mandt K. E., Altwegg K., Bieler A., Markovits A., Rubin M. (2016), ORIGIN OF MOLECULAR OXYGEN IN COMET 67P/CHURYUMOV–GERASIMENKO, in The Astrophysical Journal, 823(2), L41-L41.
Prebiotic chemicals--amino acid and phosphorus--in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Altwegg K., Balsiger H., Bar-Nun A., Berthelier J.-J., Bieler A., Bochsler P., Briois C., Calmonte U., Combi M. R., Cottin H., De Keyser J., Dhooghe F., Fiethe B., Fuselier S. A., Gasc S., Gombosi T. I., Hansen K. C., Haessig M., Ja ckel A., Kopp E., Korth A., Le Roy L., Mall U., Marty B., et al. (2016), Prebiotic chemicals--amino acid and phosphorus--in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, in Science Advances, 2(5), e1600285-e1600285.
Emission of energetic neutral atoms from water ice under Ganymede surface-like conditions
Wieser Martin, Futaana Yoshifumi, Barabash Stas, Wurz Peter (2016), Emission of energetic neutral atoms from water ice under Ganymede surface-like conditions, in Icarus, 269, 91-97.
Towards Structural Analysis of Polymeric Contaminants in Electrodeposited Cu films
Moreno-García Pavel, Grimaudo Valentine, Riedo Andreas, Tulej Marek, Neuland Maike B., Wurz Peter, Broekmann Peter (2016), Towards Structural Analysis of Polymeric Contaminants in Electrodeposited Cu films, in Electrochimica Acta, 199, 394-402.
Towards matrix-free femtosecond-laser desorption mass spectrometry for in situ space research Matrix-free fs-laser desorption mass spectrometry for space research
Moreno-García Pavel, Grimaudo Valentine, Riedo Andreas, Tulej Marek, Wurz Peter, Broekmann Peter (2016), Towards matrix-free femtosecond-laser desorption mass spectrometry for in situ space research Matrix-free fs-laser desorption mass spectrometry for space research, in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 30(8), 1031-1036.
Laser Ablation/Ionisation Mass Spectrometry: Sensitive and Quantitative Chemical Depth Profiling of Solid Materials
Riedo Andreas, Grimaudo Valentine, Moreno-García Pavel, Neuland Maike B., Tulej Marek, Broekmann Peter, Wurz Peter (2016), Laser Ablation/Ionisation Mass Spectrometry: Sensitive and Quantitative Chemical Depth Profiling of Solid Materials, in CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 70(4), 268-273.
THE ROLL-OVER OF HELIOSPHERIC NEUTRAL HYDROGEN BELOW 100 eV: OBSERVATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
Galli A., Wurz P., Schwadron N. A., Kucharek H., Möbius E., Bzowski M., Sokół J. M., Kubiak M. A., Funsten H. O., Fuselier S. A., McComas D. J. (2016), THE ROLL-OVER OF HELIOSPHERIC NEUTRAL HYDROGEN BELOW 100 eV: OBSERVATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS, in The Astrophysical Journal, 821(2), 107-107.
Mineralogical determination in situ of a highly heterogeneous material using a miniaturized laser ablation mass spectrometer with high spatial resolution
Neubeck Anna, Tulej Marek, Ivarsson Magnus, Broman Curt, Riedo Andreas, McMahon Sean, Wurz Peter, Bengtson Stefan (2016), Mineralogical determination in situ of a highly heterogeneous material using a miniaturized laser ablation mass spectrometer with high spatial resolution, in International Journal of Astrobiology, 15(02), 133-146.
INTERSTELLAR NEUTRAL HELIUM IN THE HELIOSPHERE FROM IBEX OBSERVATIONS. IV. FLOW VECTOR, MACH NUMBER, AND ABUNDANCE OF THE WARM BREEZE
Kubiak Marzena A., Swaczyna P., Bzowski M., Sokół J. M., Fuselier S. A., Galli A., Heirtzler D., Kucharek H., Leonard T. W., McComas D. J., Möbius E., Park J., Schwadron N. A., Wurz P. (2016), INTERSTELLAR NEUTRAL HELIUM IN THE HELIOSPHERE FROM IBEX OBSERVATIONS. IV. FLOW VECTOR, MACH NUMBER, AND ABUNDANCE OF THE WARM BREEZE, in The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 223(2), 25-25.
The presence of clathrates in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Luspay-Kuti A., Mousis O., Ha ssig M., Fuselier S. A., Lunine J. I., Marty B., Mandt K. E., Wurz P., Rubin M. (2016), The presence of clathrates in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, in Science Advances, 2(4), e1501781-e1501781.
A PROTOSOLAR NEBULA ORIGIN FOR THE ICES AGGLOMERATED BY COMET 67P/CHURYUMOV–GERASIMENKO
Mousis O., Lunine J. I., Luspay-Kuti A., Guillot T., Marty B., Ali-Dib M., Wurz P., Altwegg K., Bieler A., Hässig M., Rubin M., Vernazza P., Waite J. H. (2016), A PROTOSOLAR NEBULA ORIGIN FOR THE ICES AGGLOMERATED BY COMET 67P/CHURYUMOV–GERASIMENKO, in The Astrophysical Journal, 819(2), L33-L33.
HIGH-TIME RESOLUTION IN SITU INVESTIGATION OF MAJOR COMETARY VOLATILES AROUND 67P/C–G AT 3.1–2.3 au MEASURED WITH ROSINA-RTOF
Mall U., Altwegg K., Balsiger H., Bar-Nun A., Berthelier J.-J., Bieler A., Bochsler P., Briois C., Calmonte U., Combi M. R., Dabrowski B., Keyser J. De, Dhooghe F., Fiethe B., Fuselier S. A., Galli A., Garnier P., Gasc S., Gombosi T. I., Hansen K. C., Hässig M., Hoang M., Jäckel A., Kopp E., et al. (2016), HIGH-TIME RESOLUTION IN SITU INVESTIGATION OF MAJOR COMETARY VOLATILES AROUND 67P/C–G AT 3.1–2.3 au MEASURED WITH ROSINA-RTOF, in The Astrophysical Journal, 819(2), 126-126.
Quantitative measurement of the chemical composition of geological standards with a miniature laser ablation/ionization mass spectrometer designed for in situ application in space research
Neuland M B, Grimaudo V, Mezger K, Moreno-García P, Riedo A, Tulej M, Wurz P (2016), Quantitative measurement of the chemical composition of geological standards with a miniature laser ablation/ionization mass spectrometer designed for in situ application in space research, in Measurement Science and Technology, 27(3), 035904-035904.
Scattering characteristics and imaging of energetic neutral atoms from the Moon in the terrestrial magnetosheathMagnetosheath-Moon Interaction
Lue Charles, Futaana Yoshifumi, Barabash Stas, Saito Yoshifumi, Nishino Masaki, Wieser Martin, Asamura Kazushi, Bhardwaj Anil, Wurz Peter (2016), Scattering characteristics and imaging of energetic neutral atoms from the Moon in the terrestrial magnetosheathMagnetosheath-Moon Interaction, in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(1), 432-445.
Dust environment of an airless object: A phase space study with kinetic models
Kallio E., Dyadechkin S., Fatemi S., Holmström M., Futaana Y., Wurz P., Fernandes V.A., Álvarez F., Heilimo J., Jarvinen R., Schmidt W., Harri A.-M., Barabash S., Mäkelä J., Porjo N., Alho M. (2016), Dust environment of an airless object: A phase space study with kinetic models, in Planetary and Space Science, 120, 56-69.
Dust environment of an airless object: A phase space study with kinetic models
Kallio E., Dyadechkin S., Fatemi S., Holmström M., Futaana Y., Wurz P., Fernandes V.A., Álvarez F., Heilimo J., Jarvinen R., Schmidt W., Harri A.-M., Barabash S., Mäkelä J., Porjo N., Alho M. (2016), Dust environment of an airless object: A phase space study with kinetic models, in Planetary and Space Science, 120, 56-69.
FIP effect for minor heavy solar wind ions as seen with SOHO/CELIAS/MTOF
Heidrich-Meisner Verena, Berger Lars, Wimmer-Schweingruber Robert F., Wurz Peter, Bochsler Peter, Ipavich Fred M., Paquette John A., Klecker Bernd (2016), FIP effect for minor heavy solar wind ions as seen with SOHO/CELIAS/MTOF, in VIII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON “TIMES OF POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES”: From Aerospace to Nanotechnolog, Solar Wind 14 Conference, China.
Mass spectrometric characterization of the Rosetta Spacecraft contamination
Bieler A., Altwegg K., Balsiger H., Berthelier J.-J., Calmonte U., Combi M., De Keyser J., Fiethe B., Fuselier S. A., Gasc S., Gombosi T., Hansen K. C., Hässig M., Korth A., Le Roy L., Mall U., Rème H., Rubin M., Sémon T., Tenishev V., Tzou C.-Y., Waite J. H., Wurz P. (2016), Mass spectrometric characterization of the Rosetta Spacecraft contamination, in SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, San Diego, California, United StatesSociety of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers, Washington, USA.
Transport of solar wind plasma onto the lunar nightside surfaceLUNAR NIGHTSIDE PLASMA TRANSPORT
Vorburger A., Wurz P., Barabash S., Futaana Y., Wieser M., Bhardwaj A., Dhanya M. B., Asamura K. (2016), Transport of solar wind plasma onto the lunar nightside surfaceLUNAR NIGHTSIDE PLASMA TRANSPORT, in Geophysical Research Letters, 43(20), 10,586-10,594.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institut für Geologie der Universität Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Marseille France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Institute of Space Research (IKI), Moscow Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
International Space Science Institute (ISSI), Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
LATMOS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Departement für Chemie und Biochemie Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Space Science and Engineering Division, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Kanagawa Japan (Asia)
- Publication
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum India (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Space Science Center & Department of Physics, University of New Hampshire, Durham United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Space Research Centre PAS, Warsaw Poland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Göttingen Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, Rome Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
CSEM Centre Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique, Landquart Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Institute of Mathematical and Physical Sciences University of Wales Aberystwyth Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos United States of America (North America)
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Vorlesung "Space Instrumentation" für Masterstudenten "Rymdteknik" Individual talk Vorstellung LMS 09.11.2017 Lulea, Sweden Neuland Maike Brigitte;
IRF Besuchergruppe Individual talk Planetary Exploration - What we measure, why we do measure it and how it is realised 04.05.2017 Kiruna, Sweden Neuland Maike Brigitte;
Wöchentliches Meeting der IRF-Wissenschaftler Individual talk In-situ laser mass spectrometry for planetary exploration - Or: A small part of my PhD thesis in 8 slides 25.01.2017 Kiruna, Sweden Neuland Maike Brigitte;
NCCR PlanetS General Assembly Talk given at a conference In situ mass spectrometry of planetary surfaces 23.01.2017 Grindelwald, Switzerland Wurz Peter;
7th Moscow Solar System Symposium Talk given at a conference Chemical composition of the semi-volatile grains of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko 10.10.2016 IKI, Moskau, Russia Wurz Peter;
13th International Planetary Probe Workshop Talk given at a conference A Descent Probe for Europa and the other Galilean Moons of Jupiter 13.06.2016 APL, Maryland, United States of America Wurz Peter;
15th Annual International Astrophysics Conference Talk given at a conference Investigating the Heliophseric Boundary at Energies down to 10 eV with Neutral Atom Imaging by IBEX 03.04.2016 Cape Coral, Florida, United States of America Wurz Peter;


Awards

Title Year
IOP Publishing: 2016 Highlights of Measurement Science and Technology of the publication M. Neuland, V. Grimaudo, K. Mezger, P. Moreno-García, A. Riedo, M. Tulej, and P. Wurz, Quantitative measurement of the chemical composition of geological standards with a miniature laser ablation/ionisation mass spectrometer designed for in situ application in space research, Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(3), (2016) 035904. http://iopscience.iop.org/journal/0957-0233/page/Highlights-2016 2017

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
153047 Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry 01.04.2014 Project funding
143255 Formation and composition of giant planet's satellites 01.09.2013 Project funding
184657 Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry 01.04.2019 Project funding
172488 Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry 01.04.2017 Project funding
153047 Investigation of the Solar System with in situ Mass Spectrometry 01.04.2014 Project funding

Abstract

The in situ group of the Space Research and Planetology division of the Physikalisches Institut is currently engaged in several major space projects. Three missions are presently in high activity phases.- For the Luna-Resurs and Luna-Glob missions, to study chemical composition of the soils at the lunar poles, we contribute two instruments, a neutral gas mass spectrometer for the study of volatiles and a laser mass spectrometer for the study of the solid phase. Currently, we are in the major hardware phase of testing engineering models, and building and integrating flight models. This project also allows us to expand our experimental expertise into the analytical technique of gas-chromatography mass spectrometry, which only very few groups in space science worldwide can do. - For JUICE, the L-class mission of ESA to explore the Jupiter system, we provide the neutral gas mass spectrometer (NIM) and contribute to the PEP consortium. We will be investigating the chemical composition of the icy moons Europa, Ganymede and Callisto with NIM as part of the particle consortium (PEP). We develop prototypes of our instrument to test against the physical and environmental conditions expected in the Jupiter environment, and measurements near these moons. In parallel we perform laboratory experiments simulating the icy surfaces of these moons and their response to particle radiation in forming their exospheres that are used in our theoretical models of the atmospheres of these moons, also in preparation of the science phase of this mission.- For BepiColombo, the ESA mission to explore Mercury, we almost finished the hardware phase and finalise the calibrations of flight-spare instruments (ELENA, PICAM, STROFIO, and ENA), which will continue for several years. During the larger part of the grant period the STROFIO calibration data will be analysed and formulated as calibration software library. To prepare for the data phase, we will continue to improve the Mercury exosphere model, based on published MESSENGER/NASA results on the surface and exosphere composition. This model will also be used to assist in the planning of the STROFIO operations in Mercury orbit.In addition to the present participations we have to be active in proposing to new missions to assure our later participation. The uncertainty associated with the mission selection requires us to be prepared to make rapid decisions on involvement once the path has been set by the space agencies. Planning in experimental space science for the mid-term future requires continued work on space instrumentation and development of new technologies, since instruments for space research are always custom designs for the specific requirements of a mission and the scientific questions to be addressed. Many of our participations in the space missions are based on highly specialised laboratory activities and their continuous technical support.As a follow-up to the successful IBEX mission the IMAP mission was identified by NASA, for which we are again part of the SwRI, TX, USA, team. Research and development of dedicated instrumentation has already started and is needed to support our participation. Moreover, we are participating in proposals where the laser mass spectrometer would be our hardware contribution for in situ composition studies and dating of material; similarly we are participating in three proposals where our neutral gas mass spectrometer would be employed for investigations of atmospheres of objects in the outer solar system.
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