Project

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PAWCER - Public Attitudes to Welfare, Climate Change and Energy in the EU and Russia

English title PAWCER - Public Attitudes to Welfare, Climate Change and Energy in the EU and Russia
Applicant Ochsner Michael
Number 164936
Funding scheme ERA.Net RUS Plus
Research institution Fondation FORS Bâtiment Geopolis Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences - FORS
Main discipline Sociology
Start/End 01.03.2016 - 31.08.2019
Approved amount 203'175.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Sociology
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Political science

Keywords (5)

Political Science; Survey Methodology; Social Policy; Environmental Sciences; Sociology

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Nach einer Phase der Annäherung steigen die Spannungen und Konflikte zwischen Ost und West, insb. Russland und Europa. Dieses Projekt untersucht mögliche Ursachen von Konflikten aber auch Pfade der Annäherung anhand zweier zentraler aktueller Themen, nämlich Solidarität und Klimawandel.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Während sich die Integration vieler osteuropäischer Länder intensiviert, steigern sich die Spannungen zwischen Europa und Russland wie auch weiteren osteuropäischen Ländern. Gleichzeitig stellt die wirtschaftliche Rezession die gesellschaftliche Solidarität zwischen Generationen und Schichten vor grosse Herausforderungen: Reformen der weit entwickelten Wohlfahrtsstaaten sind die Folge und neue Formen der sozialen Sicherungen müssen gefunden werden. Zusätzlich müssen dringend Lösungen zum Klimawandel gefunden werden. Dieser wirkt als Treiber von Konflikt auf mehreren Ebenen (z.B. Ungleichheiten zwischen stärker und schwächer betroffenen Ländern und Gebieten; Notwendigkeit der gemeinsamen Lösungsfindung auf globaler Ebene; verstärkte Migration).

Diese zwei Schlüsselthemen werden die Gesellschaft in den nächsten Jahren stark beschäftigen. Deshalb ist es wichtig, die öffentliche Meinung zu diesen Themen zu kennen und zu verstehen. Insbesondere ist es von Bedeutung, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in den Wahrnehmungen der Probleme und in den Präferenzen für unterschiedliche Lösungsansätze zwischen Bevölkerungen verschiedener Länder zu identifizieren.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt ergründet mittels Daten des European Social Surveys, die im Rahmen des Projektes zusätzlich auch für Russland erhoben werden, Gemeinsamkeiten und Differenzen der öffentlichen Meinung bezüglich zweier zentraler gesellschaftlicher Themen. Im Fokus steht dabei der Vergleich zwischen Russland und der Schweiz sowie der EU, um sowohl potentielle Konfliktherde als auch Berührungspunkte für gemeinsame Lösungen zu erkennen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 16.02.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Name Institute

Datasets

European Social Survey Round 8 2016 Russian Data

Author European Social Surv,
Publication date 30.05.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) 10.21338/NSD-ESS8-2016
Repository Norwegian Centre for Research Data (NSD)
Abstract
The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven cross-national survey that has been conducted across Europe since its establishment in 2001. Every two years, face-to-face interviews are conducted with newly selected, cross-sectional samples.The survey measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of diverse populations in more than thirty nations.Following an application to the European Commission which was submitted by the UK on behalf of 14 other countries, the ESS was awarded European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) status on 30th November 2013. Following this change, Russia could not take part in the ESS anymore. PAWCER assured data collection and ERIC contribution for the Russian team and supported research on the cross-cultural comparability of data between Europe and Russia

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Cardiff University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
European Centre for European Welfare Policy Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Tampere Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Institute for Comparative Social Research Lt Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
4th International ESS Conference: Turbulent Times in Europe: Instability, Insecurity and Inequality Talk given at a conference Solidarity with vulnerable groups: differences and commonalities between Russia and Europe 16.04.2019 Mannheim, Germany Ochsner Michael;
4th International ESS Conference: Turbulent Times in Europe: Instability, Insecurity and Inequality Talk given at a conference Assessing the comparability of two ESS core items between Russia, Germany and Switzerland 16.04.2019 Mannheim, Germany Ochsner Michael;
4th International ESS Conference: Turbulent Times in Europe: Instability, Insecurity and Inequality Talk given at a conference Session: Public attitudes towards welfare, climate change and energy in Europe and Russia 16.04.2019 Mannheim, Germany Ochsner Michael;
16th annual conference of the European Social Policy Analysis network (ESPAnet) Talk given at a conference Is intergenerational solidarity under pressure? A comparison of the west and the east regarding support for public pensions 01.09.2018 Vilnius, Lithuania Ravazzini Laura; Ochsner Michael;
16th annual conference of the European Social Policy Analysis network (ESPAnet) Talk given at a conference Attitudes towards redistribution in Europe and Russia: a focus on migrants from post-communist countries 31.08.2018 Vilnius, Lithuania Ravazzini Laura; Ochsner Michael;
ESS Data Workshop Talk given at a conference Interpretation and comparabilitybetween Russia and European countries regarding two often-used questions from the ESS: Evidence from cognitive interviews and quantitative tests in Russia and Switzerland 20.04.2018 Paris, France Ravazzini Laura; Ernst Stähli Michèle; Ochsner Michael;
8th LCSR International Workshop "Quantitative Research of Social Changes across the World" Talk given at a conference PAWCER and Attitudes towards Redistribution among People with a Post-communist Background 13.04.2018 Moscow, Russia Ochsner Michael; Ravazzini Laura;
Solidarities in Europe. Workshop at the University of Bern Talk given at a conference Different countries, different solidarities? Differences and similarities in Europe 24.11.2017 Bern, Switzerland Ravazzini Laura; Ochsner Michael;
'(Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities', 13th Conference of the European Sociological Association Talk given at a conference Post-Communist Solidarity and Attitudes towards Redistribution 30.08.2017 Athens, Greece Ravazzini Laura; Ochsner Michael;
7th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Talk given at a conference Multiple Imputation of Missing Values: Opportunities and Limitations in Real-life Applications 17.07.2017 Lisbon, Portugal Ravazzini Laura; Ochsner Michael;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
The Past, Present and Future of European Welfare Attitudes (Presentation of Booklet not Poster) Poster 11.09.2018 Brussels, Belgium Ochsner Michael;
ESS Data Workshop Talk 20.04.2018 Paris, France Ochsner Michael; Ravazzini Laura; Ernst Stähli Michèle;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media L'importance de la contribution personnelle dans la lutte contre le changement climatique Communiqué de presse à plus que 100 journalistes en français et allemand Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Other activities Öffentlicher Bericht: ESS 2016: Ausgewählte Ergebnisse in Bezug auf die Schweiz zu Wohlbefinden... Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Positivere Einstellung gegenüber Flüchtlingen in der Schweiz Pressemitteilung an über 100 Journalisten, Deutsch und Französisch German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2018

Awards

Title Year
Travel grant of the Laboratory for Comparative Social Research's Workshop 2018
SAGW subvention subsides voyage 2017

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
151000 European Social Survey 2014+2016 01.01.2014 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

The goal of the PAWCER project is to conduct comparative research on public attitudes to welfare, climate change and energy, all of which are relevant to understanding conflict, identity, and memory. While economic challenges threaten the fundamental relations of solidarity in European welfare states, climate change is likely to become the leading environmental driver of human conflict, and energy to continue fueling geopolitical tensions.Cross-national analyses of survey and contextual data will be used to examine discrepancies and similarities, as well as diverging and converging trends between public attitudes to these topics, thus unraveling the sources and patterns of mutual understanding and cooperation and of potential conflicts in and between EU countries and Russia. The research will be based on the collection of survey data and the analyses of both existing and new data sets.The first domain is dealing with existing and future welfare arrangements. A leading perspective is that the recent economic recession is challenging the fundamental relations of solidarity in modern welfare states. The second domain focuses on climate change and energy. Climate change is arguably the greatest environmental threat the world is facing. Fundamental shifts are needed in the way energy is used and produced in order to mitigate risks to natural and economic systems. The knowledge generated will be important for understanding the future roads for welfare regimes and for the transition to a low-carbon environment, both in the EU and Russia.Data will be collected through the European Social Survey. The ESS is an academically driven biennial crossnational survey, measuring the attitudes, beliefs and behavior patterns of diverse populations. It has been awarded European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) status in December 2013. PAWCER will allow Russia to join ESS Round 8, for which fieldwork starts in September 2016, and so create a basis for long-term cooperation.
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