Technological Innovation; Participation; Millenium Goal; Low-Cost Construction; Housing Cooperatives; Urbanization; Cooperative Development; Equity; Social Inclusion; Social Housing
Angélil Marc, SiressCary (2018), Anthropocene, Urbicene, Capitalocene, in Domus
HehlRainer (2018), Ausblick auf eine selbstgenerierte Stadt, in Schäfer Klaus (ed.), transcript, Beilefeld, 177-192.
AngélilMarc, SiressCary (2018), Doubling, in Princen Bas (ed.), Roma Publications, Amsterdam, 1-4.
DelzSascha (2018), Ethiopia’s Low-Cost Housing Program – How Concepts of Individual Home-Ownership and Mass Housing Blocks Fail to be Realized, in Heisel Felix, Hebel Dirk (ed.), Ruby Press, Berlin, 164-177.
Delz Sascha (2018), Low-Cost at a High Price – Financial, Spatial and Social Inclusion Challenged by Individual Home-Ownership and Standardized Housing Blocks, in TRIALOG
, 3-4(130/131), 20-26.
DelzSascha (2018), Towards an Integrative Approach to Spatial Transformation – Addressing Contextual and Spatial Indifference in Design, Urban Planning and International Cooperation: A Case Study from Ethiopia, in International Development Policy
, (10), 188-212.
Angélil Marc, Something Fantastic, CLUSTER Cairo, Malterre-Barthes Charlotte (ed.) (2017), Cairo Desert Cities
, Ruby Press, Berlin.
Angélil Marc, Kreiner Kristian, Van Wezemael Joris (2017), Discourse on the Potentials for Innovation in Contemporary Planning, in disP - The Planning Review
, 53(1), 82-86.
Angélil Marc, BrandlhuberArno (2016), A Legislative Space Known as Switzerland, in Arch +: Legislating Architecture
Hehl Rainer, EngelLudwig (2016), Berlin Transfer: Open Living Structures
, Ruby Press, Berlin.
Angélil Marc, SiressCary (2016), Cairo: Speculative Informality, in dsiP
, (4), 6-15.
Angélil Marc, HehlRainer (2016), Cidade de Deus – A Biography, in Arch +
, (May), 118-122.
Hehl Rainer (2016), Cultivating the Field in the Global Hinterland - Community Building for Mass Housing in the Amazon Region, in Bolchover Joshua et. al. (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 35-41.
Hehl Rainer (2016), Popular Brazilian Architecture in the Making - or the Power of Productive Consumption, in Petrescu Doina / Trogal Tim (ed.), Routledge, London, 259-272.
Delz Sascha (2016), Spatial Dialogic – An Integrative Approach for Urban Development in Rapidly Changing Cities, in Heisel Felix & Kifle Bisrat (ed.), Birkhäuser, Basel, 190-200.
Delz Sascha (2016), Spatial Effects of Individual Homeownership – Ethiopia's Mass Housing Program Between Universal Aspiration and Local Realities, in Angélil Marc & Hebel Dirk (ed.), Birkhäuser, Basel, 107-111.
Angélil Marc, SiressCary (2016), Wilderness of Mirrors: Reflections on Territorial Agency, in W. Ding et al. (ed.), NAi010 Publishers, Rotterdam, 212-219.
The project ‘Cooperative Production of Low-cost Housing’ aims at joint research within an existing network of academic and institutional partners in Brazil and Switzerland for the development of cooperative models for the production of low-cost housing. This will unite researchers and practitioners from the fields of urban planning, architecture, engineering and the social sciences for investigating the transformative potential of urban developments based on community organizations and the formation of cooperatives. The collaboration between Brazilian and Swiss partners takes advantage of a long tradition of cooperative urban developments in each national context pertaining to diverse modes of production for low-income housing provision. In addition to the exchange of knowledge the collaboration will foster alternative models for affordable housing construction that actively involves user-groups in the development process and the management of housing estates on a long-term basis. Recognizing that housing for low-income populations is globally achieved either through informal and self-provisioning practices and market-driven state-developed mass housing programs, this joint research project intends to advance cooperative modes of production and is based on the rationale that more equitable, sustainable and higher quality livelihoods can be forwarded through cooperative models and fostered through increased collaboration between governmental institutions, the construction sector, and social organizations. Based on analysis of the Brazilian social housing program ‘Minha Casa, Minha Vida’ (MCMV), the current practice of mass housing production is questioned. In 2009, the Federal Government of Brazil launched the social housing program MCMV in order to cut the housing deficit of an estimated six million units by at least half. Since 2009 a large number of units for low-income populations have been developed by construction companies that were commissioned as key actors for the execution of the program. The mode of urban production dominated by the construction industry has led to the replication of mono-functional and generic models all over the country, mostly in remote locations. Although the program has already served about 2 million families, it has not managed to create sustainable and socially inclusive urban environments. Instead MCMV has generated dormitory towns with off-the shelf housing types that primarily serve short-term interests and stand in stark contrast to the rich Brazilian context of self-provisioned mixed neighborhoods. The newly built settlements are both physically as well as socially deficient, and will most probably lead to significant problems for urban developments in the future. Based on the production mode of large-scale construction industries, the implemented MCMV housing projects have reproduced one and the same standardized model without consideration for distinct local conditions such as climate, topography, social strata, ecological concerns, and the creation of diverse and equitable livelihoods. Due to the recognition of serious infrastructural problems within existing MCMV settlements, and in order to avoid the formation of urban ghettos in the future, the Federal Government is poised to promote alternative modes of mass housing production through participative models that involve social organizations and local interest groups in future planning and implementation processes. This research project investigates a specific branch of the program ‘Minha Casa, Minha Vida-Entities’, which accounts for 5% of the program and which is dedicated to self-organizing entities and cooperatives. Mediating between top-down and bottom-up practice, the research project seeks to improve collaboration between governmental institutions, the construction industries, and civil society organizations for the development of sustainable urban models that combine cooperative approaches for social formation and technological innovation.What are the modes of social organization inducing transformative potentials for social housing models and providing a structural basis for sustainable urban growth? Which actors and agencies are necessary to initiate a process that would enable innovative technologies for self-organizing communities?By assembling knowledge from different fields, the research will examine various scales of institutional practice, from international organizations such as the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the World Bank to governmental agencies, community based organizations and social movements in order to promote new networks of cooperation between political, economic, and social agencies. With a special focus on the case study of a pilot project for a cooperative development of the MCMV program, the findings of the research will be tested ‘in vivo’ within the framework of new guidelines for social housing that have been previously developed for the Ministry of the Cities of the Federal Government of Brazil by a group of Brazilian researchers in collaboration with the ETH Zurich (Seal of Urban Quality, 2013).Based on the experience of a previous collaborative project between Swiss and Ethiopian housing cooperatives coordinated by the Chair of Prof. Angélil, the research exchange transfers knowledge from the cooperative culture in Switzerland to the Brazilian case and vice versa, also serving as a test-bed for how to cope with the challenge of low-income housing provision worldwide.The goal of the collaboration is to build capacity and recalibrate governmental policies for low-income housing provision by investigating the various protocols and practices of the socio-technical development complex. Subsequently, the cooperation between Swiss and Brazilian researchers will contribute to the UN Millennium Development Goal of making cities and human settlements inclusive, resilient, and sustainable.