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Creating the Neapolitan Canon. Music and music theory between Paris and Naples in the early nineteenth century

English title Creating the Neapolitan Canon. Music and music theory between Paris and Naples in the early nineteenth century
Applicant Bacciagaluppi Claudio
Number 163053
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Hochschule der Künste Bern Berner Fachhochschule
Institution of higher education Berne University of Applied Sciences - BFH
Main discipline Music, Theatre
Start/End 01.12.2015 - 30.04.2019
Approved amount 344'695.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Music, Theatre
Musicology

Keywords (5)

Paris; Music theory; Naples; Music collections; Music teaching

Lay Summary (Italian)

Lead
La tradizione più influente nella musica sacra e profana così come nella didattica musicale del XVIII secolo è, nell’occhio dei contemporanei e per buona parte del XIX secolo, quella napoletana di, ad esempio, Francesco Durante, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi e Nicola Porpora. Tuttavia, gli storici della metà del XIX secolo in poi hanno privilegiato la tradizione austro-germanica di Bach, Haydn e Mozart, sia nella storia della musica che nella teoria musicale. Questo progetto mira a ricostruire la ricezione francese della musica e della teoria musicale napoletana a partire dalla raccolta di Giuseppe Sigismondo (1739-1826), ora in gran parte a Napoli.
Lay summary

La galleria sigismondiana di 'classici' napoletani del XVIII secolo ha contribuito a creare un 'canone' di musica napoletana. Sigismondo ha propagato i metodi di insegnamento napoletani e la musica napoletana con i suoi scritti fino alla morte. La sua collezione era già conosciuta a Parigi nel primo decennio del XIX secolo. I metodi di insegnamento dei conservatori napoletani sono stati presi dal Conservatorio di Parigi come modello intorno al 1800, e, viceversa, trattati teorici parigini sono stati acquisiti a Napoli. Anche un gran numero di spartiti musicali è stato scambiato tra Napoli e Parigi. Perché alcune composizioni napoletane sono state individuate come modelli? Come hanno influenzato i curricula degli enti di formazione musicale parigini la teoria musicale e i metodi di formazione napoletani? La formazione musicale dei conservatori napoletani, basata essenzialmente sugli esercizi di armonia e composizione chiamati 'partimenti' e 'solfeggi', è stata presa a modello dalle scuole di musica di Parigi, che a loro volta sono state il modello per istituzioni simili in tutto il mondo. Il progetto esaminerà le scuole di musica di Parigi da questa prospettiva napoletana, confrontando la teoria musicale insegnata a Parigi e a Napoli e il repertorio musicale delle rispettive biblioteche, ed esaminerà come Napoli e Parigi si siano reciprocamente influenzati nella teoria musicale e nella didattica della musica.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.10.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
"Io conosco un dilettante il quale è pazzo per te": Giuseppe Sigismondo e la collezione die musiche di Niccolò Jommeli.
GiovaniGiulia, CafieroRosa (2018), "Io conosco un dilettante il quale è pazzo per te": Giuseppe Sigismondo e la collezione die musiche di Niccolò Jommeli., in Maione Paologiovanni, Biggi Maria Ida, Cotticelli Francesco (ed.), Turchini Edizioni, Neapel, 141-192.
Col suggello delle pubbliche stampe. Storia editoriale della cantata da camera.
Giovani Giulia (2018), Col suggello delle pubbliche stampe. Storia editoriale della cantata da camera., SEdM, Rom.
Kirchenmusik von Pergolesis Landesgenossen
Claudio Bacciagaluppi (2016), Kirchenmusik von Pergolesis Landesgenossen, in Musik & Ästhetik, 20, 99-101.
Giuseppe Sigismondo: Apoteosi della musica del Regno di Napoli
Bacciagaluppi Claudio (ed.) (2016), Giuseppe Sigismondo: Apoteosi della musica del Regno di Napoli, SEdM, Rom.
Introduzione (L'autore, L'opera, La Musica)
Bacciagaluppi Claudio (2016), Introduzione (L'autore, L'opera, La Musica), in Bettin Ivano (ed.), Centro Studi Antoniani, Padova, V.
Alessandro Stradella: Sei cantate a voce sola dal manoscritto appartenuto a Gian Francesco Malipiero
Giovani Giulia (ed.) (2015), Alessandro Stradella: Sei cantate a voce sola dal manoscritto appartenuto a Gian Francesco Malipiero, Bärenreiter, Kassel.
La collezione di cantate e serenate di Giuseppe Sigismondo (1739-1826). Dall’Archivio della Pietà dei Turchini alla Biblioteca del Conservatorio “San Pietro a Majella” di Napoli
Giovani Giulia (2015), La collezione di cantate e serenate di Giuseppe Sigismondo (1739-1826). Dall’Archivio della Pietà dei Turchini alla Biblioteca del Conservatorio “San Pietro a Majella” di Napoli, in Philomusica on-line, (14/1), online.
Collezionisti a Napoli tra Sette e Ottocento tra avarizia e generosità
GiovaniGiulia, Collezionisti a Napoli tra Sette e Ottocento tra avarizia e generosità, in Conference “Oltre le usate carte. Nuovi cantieri per la storia dello spettacolo nel Settecento, Jesitba, tba.
Costruire la memoria: sul repertorio di alcuni inventari di collezioni napoletane, 1801-1827
Bacciagaluppi Claudio, Costruire la memoria: sul repertorio di alcuni inventari di collezioni napoletane, 1801-1827, in Collisani Giuseppe, Tedesco Anna (ed.), Leo S. Olschki, Firenze.
Creating the Neapolitan Canon (provisional title)
GiovaniGiulia, Creating the Neapolitan Canon (provisional title), in congress of the International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres , RomeIAML, Rome.
How to build a music library collection: the French diplomatic mission in Naples in 1800.
GiovaniGiulia, How to build a music library collection: the French diplomatic mission in Naples in 1800., in Laterza Marilena, Bacciagaluppi Claudio (ed.), Peter Lang, Bern, 20.
La biblioteca musicale di Napoli tra Sette e Ottocento in un contesto europeo
GiovaniGiulia, La biblioteca musicale di Napoli tra Sette e Ottocento in un contesto europeo, Peter Lang, Bern.
One Canone armonico and fifty other ways of harmonizing a scale in Gaspare Selvaggi’s Trattato di armonia (1823)
CarlisiLydia, One Canone armonico and fifty other ways of harmonizing a scale in Gaspare Selvaggi’s Trattato di armonia (1823), in Laterza Marilena, Bacciagaluppi Claudio (ed.), Peter Lang, Bern, 10.
Studi pergolesiani / Pergolesi Studies 11
Bacciagaluppi Claudio, Laterza Marilena (ed.), Studi pergolesiani / Pergolesi Studies 11, Peter Lang, Bern.
The Neapolitan school’s teaching methodologies and their influence on the founding of national music schools in France at the turn of the 19th century
CarlisiLydia, The Neapolitan school’s teaching methodologies and their influence on the founding of national music schools in France at the turn of the 19th century, in conference “Enseignement de la musique et vie musicale en France et en Europe (1795-1914), Paristba, Paris.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Bern University of the Arts, music department Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Birmingham City University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Schola Cantorum Basiliensis Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
RISM Switzwerland, Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
RISM France, Paris France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Musikhochschule Freiburg i. Brsg. Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Università di Roma - Tor Vergata Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Ventitreesimo Colloquio di Musicologia del «Saggiatore musicale» Talk given at a conference Giuseppe Sigismondo, Bernard Sarrette e le collezioni musicali di Napoli e Parigi 22.11.2019 Bologna, Italy Giovani Giulia;
9es Rencontres Muséfrem : « Musicien d’église au XVIIIe siècle : un travail de clerc ? » Talk given at a conference ‘Musico napolitano’ et ‘MIME’ : d’une base de donnees locale a un reseau international de recherche prosopographique 25.10.2019 Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Clermont-Ferrand, France Bacciagaluppi Claudio;
Symposium European Music Training Institutions in the Long 19th Century (1789-1914): Pedagogical Politics and Cultural Exchange Talk given at a conference How to Construct the Musical Past to Create the Musical Future: Naples and Paris in Comparison. 23.01.2019 Bern, Switzerland Giovani Giulia;
25. Jahrestagung der Società Italiana die Musicologia SIdM, 19.-21.10.18 Talk given at a conference Creating the neapolitan canon: un bilancio a chiusura del progetto. 19.10.2018 Bozen, Italy Bacciagaluppi Claudio; Giovani Giulia;
GMTH-Kongress "Kontrapunkt - Ewiggestrig oder unerlässlich? Kontinuitäten und Wandlungen einer kompositorischen Disziplin. Talk given at a conference Da Napoli a Parigi. Die französische Partimento-Rezeption und ihr Einfluss auf französische Musikpädagogik und -theorie. 04.10.2018 Hochschule der Künste Bremen, Germany Carlisi Lydia;
mentiParti 2018 Talk given at a conference Workshop Composing with Partimenti / Polyphonic French Solfeggi 07.07.2018 Basel, Switzerland Carlisi Lydia;
mentiParti 2018 Talk given at a conference Brief history of the Neapolitan Conservatories and the origins of Partimenti training 07.07.2018 Basel, Switzerland Carlisi Lydia;
France: Musiques, Cultures, 1789-1918 (FMC), 1. biennial conference, Bibliothèque historique de la ville de Paris Talk given at a conference "L'edifice s'élève, il faut le remplir". Napoleon's Italian Campaigns to enrich the Paris Conservatoire library (1796-1803) 01.07.2018 Paris, France Giovani Giulia;
Einladung Bienen School of Music, Northwestern University Chicago Individual talk Vortrag über Gaspari Selvaggi 03.04.2018 Chicago, United States of America Carlisi Lydia;
XXI Colloquio di Musicologia del "Saggiatore musicale" Talk given at a conference Riforma luterana e musica europea: 1517-2017. 17.11.2017 Bologna, Italy Bacciagaluppi Claudio;
Convegno celebrativo dei 400 anni dalla fondazione del Conservatorio, Conservatorio e Università di Palermo Talk given at a conference Tra Napoli e Parigi nell'età napoleonica: scambi e contatti tra due biblioteche in evoluzione. 26.10.2017 Palermo, Italy Bacciagaluppi Claudio; Giovani Giulia;
Tagung "Nicola Porpora and Frederick, Prince of Wales: Italian Ways in Music, Art and Poetry in 18th Century Britain" Talk given at a conference Manuscripts and Anecdotes in Giuseppe Sigismondo's Biography of Nicola Porpora. 13.10.2017 Amsterdam, Netherlands Bacciagaluppi Claudio;
EUROMAC 9 (9th European Music Analysis Conference), Strasbourg Talk given at a conference Conservatori vs. Conservatoire. The Neapolitan Partimento tradition and the Méthodes of the Paris Conservatoire at the beginning of the 19th century. 26.06.2017 Strasbourg, France Carlisi Lydia;
Colloque international "Enseignement de la musique et vie musicale en France et en Europe aus XIXe siècle (1795-1914)" Talk given at a conference The role of the neapolitan conservatory and the partimento tradition in the founding of the Paris conservatoire and the didactical material used in this institution from its foundation until the first half of the 19th century. 11.05.2017 Paris, France Carlisi Lydia;
Enseignement de la musique et vie musicale en France et en Europe (1795-1914) Talk given at a conference The Neapolitan school’s teaching methodologies and their influence on the founding of national music schools in France at the turn of the 19th century 11.05.2017 Paris, France Carlisi Lydia;
Séminaire du projet de recherche Histoire de l’enseignement public de la musique en France au XIXe siècle (1795-1914) (ANR – HEMEF) Individual talk Les conservatoires de Naples et leurs relations avec le Conservatoire de Paris aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles 27.04.2017 Paris, France Bacciagaluppi Claudio; Giovani Giulia;
Séminare du projet de recherche "Histoire de l'enseignement public de la musique en France et en Europe au XIXe siècle (1795-1914) Individual talk Les conservatoires de Naples et leurs relations avec le Conservatoire de Paris aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles. 26.04.2017 IReMUS/BnF, Paris, France Giovani Giulia; Bacciagaluppi Claudio;
Music Pedagogy in Eighteenth-Century Naples - Theory, Sources and Reception Talk given at a conference How to build a music library collection: the French diplomatic mission in Naples in 1800 26.01.2017 Bern, Switzerland Giovani Giulia;
Music Pedagogy in Eighteenth-Century Naples - Theory, Sources and Reception Talk given at a conference One Canone armonico and fifty other ways of harmonizing a scale in Gaspare Selvaggi's Trattato die armonia (1823) 26.01.2017 Bern, Switzerland Carlisi Lydia;
17th Biennial International Conference on Baroque Music Talk given at a conference Guiseppe Sigismondo's 'Apoteosi' as a Source for Neapolitan Studies. 13.07.2016 Canterbury, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Giovani Giulia;
International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres (IAML) Congress Talk given at a conference Creating the Neapolitan Canon. An interim project report 03.07.2016 Rom, Italy Giovani Giulia;
Buchpräsentation Individual talk Giuseppe Sigismondo, Apoteosi della musica del Regno di Napoli 11.06.2016 Museo internazionale e biblioteca della musica, Bologna, Italy Giovani Giulia;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Partimento. Musiktheorie am Klavier. course for BA students, HKB Workshop 01.09.2017 Bern, Switzerland Carlisi Lydia;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media The Nikhil Hogan Show 82: Lydia Carlisi The Nikhil Hogan Show International 2019
Media relations: radio, television Interview mit Giulia Giovani, von Sandro Cappelletto, 20.10.18 RAI-Radio 3, Sendung Momus International 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Buchpräsentation "Sigismondo's Apoteosi della musica", Avellino (Italy), Conservatorio di musica “Do International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Buchpräsentation "Sigismondo's Apoteosi della musica", Stanford University (Californa, USA) International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Buchpräsentation & Podium zu G. Sigismondo: Apoteosi della musica nel Regno di Napoli, Avellino (I) International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Buchpräsentation G. Sigismondo "Apoteosi della musica del Regno di Napoli", Sapienzia-Università Rom International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Buchpräsentation G.Sigismondo "Apoteosi della musica", Conservatorio Neapel International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions lecture “Creating the Neapolitan Canon”, in HKB course “1717: Was läuft in der Forschung?” German-speaking Switzerland 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Neapolitanische Musikpädagogik im 18. Jahrhundert: Theorie, Quellen und Rezeption GMTH-Website International 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Tagungsbericht: Neapolitanische Musikpädagogik im 18. Jahrhundert: Theorie, Quellen und Rezeption GMTh Webseite International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Buchpräsentation "Sigismondo's Apoteosi della musica", Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Mailand International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Partimenti unter der Lupe Schweizer Musikzeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
200698 Luigi Cherubini und die Kompositionslehre am Pariser Conservatoire als umfassende Ausbildungspraxis (ca. 1810-1840) 01.08.2021 Project funding (Div. I-III)
203639 Tra Napoli e Parigi: Storie di una migrazione libraria 01.05.2021 Open Access Books
169368 Integrative Listening. A Historical Perspective on Aural Skills Training 01.08.2017 Project funding (Div. I-III)
161154 Apoteosi della musica del Regno di Napoli 01.06.2015 Publication grants
131986 "Sine dissonantiis" und "auf eine wirklich ganz neue Manier" - restaurative und revolutionäre Tendenzen am Schnittpunkt von Musiktheorie und Kompositionspraxis in Wien um 1800 01.02.2011 Project funding (Div. I-III)
182222 Francesco Pollini and the early Italian piano tradition 01.03.2019 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The most influential tradition of both secular and sacred music as well as musical training of the eighteenth century was considered by most contemporaries and well into the nineteenth century to be the Neapolitan tradition of, for example, Francesco Durante, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi and Nicola Porpora. However, historians from the mid-nineteenth century onwards have privileged the Austro-Germanic tradition of Bach, Haydn and Mozart, both in music history and in music theory. For this reason, the influence of Neapolitan music theory and the reception of Neapolitan composers in the early nineteenth century has seldom been the object of study. This project seeks to reconstruct the French reception of Neapolitan music and music theory, starting from the collection of Neapolitan music of Giuseppe Sigismondo (1739-1826), now mainly in Naples. He sought to build up a gallery of Neapolitan ‘classics’ from the mid-eighteenth century, and his collection contributed to create a ‘canon’ of Neapolitan music. Sigismondo propagated Neapolitan teaching methods and Neapolitan music with his writings until the 1820s. His collection was already known in Paris in the first decade of the nineteenth century. The teaching methods of the Neapolitan conservatoires were taken by the Conservatoire in Paris as its model around 1800, and in turn, theoretical treatises from Paris were acquired in Naples. A large number of musical scores also migrated from Naples to Paris. The leading research questions for this project are: How did these works acquire a canonical status? Why were certain works singled out as compositional models or for special praise? How did Neapolitan music theory and training methods influence the curricula of the Paris music training institutions? The music training of the Neapolitan conservatoires, essentially based on the exercises in harmony and composition called ‘partimenti’ and ‘solfeggi’, was taken as a model for the Paris music schools, which in turn were the models for music training institutions throughout the world. The project will look at the Paris music schools from this Neapolitan perspective, comparing the music theory taught in Paris and Naples and the repertoire kept in the respective libraries, and examine how Naples and Paris reciprocally influenced each other in music theory and in music teaching. The historical part of the project will apply a methodology common in art history, that of studying the history and circulation of an entire collection (rather than individual works) in a way that has rarely been used previously in musicology. The dissertation project will mainly draw upon theoretical sources to follow the French reception of the Neapolitan partimento tradition, starting around 1800 but lasting through the whole nineteenth century. This part of the project will have a direct practical impact on music teaching at the music department of Bern University of the Arts (BUA) and will be supported by a team of music theory lecturers with research experience. The results of the research will be presented in three printed books and in open-access online editions of archival documents and music scores. For these online publications, innovative solutions in digital publishing will be developed and implemented.
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