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Speaking in public (SpIP2): Social interactions within larger groups. Contributions from a conversation analytic multimodal perspective

English title Speaking in public (SpIP2): Social interactions within larger groups. Contributions from a conversation analytic multimodal perspective
Applicant Mondada Lorenza
Number 162689
Funding scheme Project funding
Research institution Institut für Französische Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Romance languages and literature
Start/End 01.03.2016 - 31.03.2018
Approved amount 155'560.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Romance languages and literature
Social geography and ecology
Communication sciences
Sociology

Keywords (8)

public meetings; conversation analysis; participation; social interaction; turn-taking; interaction in large groups; video analysis; multimodality

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Ce projet - qui constitue la continuation du projet 100014_144376 - s’intéresse à la circulation de la parole publique entre citoyens, experts et politiciens. Son objectif est d’étudier les pratiques de prise de parole qui caractérisent la manière dont des citoyens participent à des projets politiques et notamment aux interactions sociales qui caractérisent des séances de discussion, brainstorming, débat, recherche de solutions et travail collectif.
Lay summary

Le projet se fonde sur un corpus documentant en vidéo une démarche en urbanisme participatif à Lyon/France. Durant plusieurs années, les citoyens ont été invités à participer à la conception et à la réalisation d’un parc public sur un ancien site militaire. Ces activités participatives, comportant des réunions d’information d’abord, de conception collective ensuite, ainsi que des visites de chantier, jusqu’à l’inauguration du parc –entre 2008 et 2014– ont été entièrement filmées et constituent un corpus vidéo inédit documentant un projet urbanistique et politique sur plusieurs années.

Le projet propose une approche innovante des interactions sociales institutionnelles en contexte politique. Dans la perspective de l’analyse conversationnelle ethnométhodologique, il développe une approche multimodale de la parole publique. Il s’intéresse à la manière dont la parole est légitimement publiquement allouée et prise par différents acteurs politiques, ainsi qu’à la manière dont des opinions, idées, propositions, solutions, et décisions sont exprimées, défendues, transformées et questionnées au fil des échanges.  L’apport original du projet consiste i) à offrir une analyse détaillée d’interactions au sein de grands groupes, tenant compte non seulement de la parole mais des gestes, des regards, des postures corporelle des participants, experts et novices (analyse multimodale du turn-taking) ; ii) à explorer des pratiques de discussion en tenant compte de la matérialité du contexte institutionnel et interactionnel, incluant l’espace dans lequel se tiennent les discussions et la variété des documents (plans, documents écrits, PowerPoints, etc.) mobilisés par les participants ; iii) à intégrer une étude de la manière dont les participants passent du travail sur papier (le projet en voie de conception et planification) au travail in situ, lors de la visite du chantier, comportant des déplacements et une confrontation avec la réalisation émergente du projet (analyse multimodale de situations de mobilité).

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.12.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Controversial issues in participatory urban planning: An ethnomethodological and conversation analytic historical study.
Mondada Lorenza (2018), Controversial issues in participatory urban planning: An ethnomethodological and conversation analytic historical study., in Wagner Johannes, Gonzalez-Martinez Esther, Pekarek Doehler Simona (ed.), 287-328.
Multiple Temporalities of Language and Body in Interaction: Challenges for Transcribing Multimodality
Mondada Lorenza (2018), Multiple Temporalities of Language and Body in Interaction: Challenges for Transcribing Multimodality, in Research on Language and Social Interaction, 51(1), 85-106.
A table-based turn-taking system and its political consequences: Managing participation, building opinion groups, and fostering consensus
Mondada Lorenza, Svensson Hanna, van Schepen Nynke (2017), A table-based turn-taking system and its political consequences: Managing participation, building opinion groups, and fostering consensus, in Journal of Language and Politics, 16(1), 83-109.
An interactionist perspective on the ecology of linguistic practices: the situated and embodied production of talk
Mondada Lorenza (2017), An interactionist perspective on the ecology of linguistic practices: the situated and embodied production of talk, in Pagel Steve, Mülhäusler Peter, Ludwig Ralph (ed.), 77-108.
Conversation Analysis
Mondada Lorenza (2017), Conversation Analysis, in Weigand Edda (ed.), 26-45.
Embodied and spatial resources for turn-taking in institutional multi-party interactions: Participatory democracy debates
Mondada Lorenza (2017), Embodied and spatial resources for turn-taking in institutional multi-party interactions: Participatory democracy debates, in Journal of Pragmatics, 46(1), 39-68.
Générer des applaudissements lors de conférences de presse tenues par le mouvement des sans-papiers.
Keel Sara (2017), Générer des applaudissements lors de conférences de presse tenues par le mouvement des sans-papiers., in Revue TRANEL, (67), 7-30.
Meetings
Angouri Jo, Mondada Lorenza (2017), Meetings, in Wodak Ruth (ed.), 468-484.
Organiser le débat, favoriser la participation: analyse comparée des pratiques de deux animateurs
Mondada Lorenza (2017), Organiser le débat, favoriser la participation: analyse comparée des pratiques de deux animateurs, in Mondada Lorenza, Keel Sara (ed.), 161-201.
Participation et asymétries dans l'interaction institutionnelle
Mondada Lorenza, Keel Sara (ed.) (2017), Participation et asymétries dans l'interaction institutionnelle.
Relancer une réponse: une démultiplication de la voix citoyenne en réunion publique
van Schepen Nynke (2017), Relancer une réponse: une démultiplication de la voix citoyenne en réunion publique, in Keel Sara, Mondada Lorenza (ed.), 233-260.
Scruter et Corriger: L'accomplissement interactionnel de la revision d'une inscription publique
Svensson Hanna (2017), Scruter et Corriger: L'accomplissement interactionnel de la revision d'une inscription publique, in Mondada Lorenza, Keel Sara (ed.), 202-232.
The interactive achievement and transformation of a "revolutionary category" - sans-papiers - during public press conferences
Keel Sara (2017), The interactive achievement and transformation of a "revolutionary category" - sans-papiers - during public press conferences, in Journal of Language and Politics, 16(1), 60-84.
The micro-politics of sequential organization: contributions from ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. Special Issue. Journal of Language and Politics.
Mondada Lorenza, Keel Sara (ed.) (2017), The micro-politics of sequential organization: contributions from ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. Special Issue. Journal of Language and Politics..
The micro-politics of sequential organization: contributions from ethnomethodology and conversation analysis: Introduction to the special issue
Keel Sara, Mondada Lorenza (2017), The micro-politics of sequential organization: contributions from ethnomethodology and conversation analysis: Introduction to the special issue, in Journal of Language and Politics. Special Issue, 16(1), 1-19.
Walking and talking together: Questions/answers and mobile participation in guided visits
Mondada Lorenza (2017), Walking and talking together: Questions/answers and mobile participation in guided visits, in Soc Sc Information, S.I. on Human motion and Social Context, 56(2), 1-34.
Who’s the expert? Negotiating competence and authority in guided tours.
De Stefani Elwys, Mondada Lorenza (2017), Who’s the expert? Negotiating competence and authority in guided tours., in Van De Mieroop Dorien, Schnurr Stephanie (ed.), 95-124.
Challenges of multimodality: Language and the body in social interaction.
Mondada Lorenza (2016), Challenges of multimodality: Language and the body in social interaction., in Journal of Sociolinguistics., 20(2), 2-32.
Going to write: Embodied trajectories of writing of collective proposals in grassroots democracy meetings
Mondada Lorenza (2016), Going to write: Embodied trajectories of writing of collective proposals in grassroots democracy meetings, in Language and Dialogue, 6, 140-178.
Multimodal resources and the organization of social interaction.
Mondada Lorenza (2016), Multimodal resources and the organization of social interaction., in Rocci Andrea (ed.), 329-349.
Obama’s grace. From referring to grace for the collectivity to performing grace collectively.
Mondada Lorenza, Keel Sara, Svensson Hanna, Van Schepen Nynke (2016), Obama’s grace. From referring to grace for the collectivity to performing grace collectively., in Later Bruno (ed.), 381-389.
Writing in interaction.
Mondada Lorenza (ed.) (2016), Writing in interaction..
Writing-in-interaction: Studying writing as a multimodal phenomenon in social interaction.
Mondada Lorenza, Svinhufvud Kimmo (2016), Writing-in-interaction: Studying writing as a multimodal phenomenon in social interaction., in Language and Dialogue, 6(1), 1-53.
Zwischen Text und Bild: Multimodale Transkription.
Mondada Lorenza (2016), Zwischen Text und Bild: Multimodale Transkription., in Hausendorf Heiko (ed.), 111-160.
Questions on the move. The ecology and temporality of question/answers in mobility settings.
Mondada Lorenza, Questions on the move. The ecology and temporality of question/answers in mobility settings., in Deppermann Arnulf (ed.).

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
C of Excellence on Intersubjectivity Helsinki Finland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
UCLA United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Chiba/Tokyo Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
WIT Group King's College London Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Workshop Temporality within and across multimodal gestalts Individual talk Turns at talk, body arrangements, and mobile ecologies: complex multimodal Gestalts in time 19.10.2017 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Mondada Lorenza;
Work in Progress Seminar Individual talk Citizens’ participation in political debates: “questions” embedded in multi-action turns 06.10.2017 Helsinki, Finland van Schepen Nynke;
AILA2017 18th World Congress of Applied Linguistics Talk given at a conference Facilitators’ Introduction of Orators During Publicly Held Press Conferences of an Immigrant Protest Movement 23.07.2017 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Keel Sara;
15th International Pragmatics Conference Talk given at a conference Early responses to requests: the precise timing of first vs. second actions 16.07.2017 Belfast, Ireland Mondada Lorenza;
15th International Pragmatics Conference Talk given at a conference “Est-ce que c’est pas un peu incongrue de mettre ça au milieu d’un parc?”: citizens claiming (political) entitlement to challenge politician 16.07.2017 Belfast, Great Britain and Northern Ireland van Schepen Nynke;
Intersubjectivity in Action conference Talk given at a conference “Est-ce que vous avez prévu des stationnements?”: aiming to get information on-record 11.05.2017 Helsinki, Finland van Schepen Nynke;
A career retrospective on Charles and Marjorie Goodwin Individual talk Rethinking participation - embodiment, space, and materiality in Candy and Chuck Goodwin's work. 28.04.2017 UCLA, Los Angeles , United States of America Mondada Lorenza;
Invitation by Prof. Anita Pomerantz, Temple University, Dep. of Communication Individual talk Mobile bodies and dynamic turn formats: systematic observations on walking. 24.04.2017 Temple University, Albany (NY), United States of America Mondada Lorenza;
Invitation by Prof. Aug Nishizaka, Chiba University, Dep. of Sociology Individual talk Participatory democracy and forms of social interaction 15.03.2017 Chiba University, Tokyo, Japan Mondada Lorenza;
Workshop on Multimodality Individual talk Language and the body on the move : Mobility in social interaction (1 day lecture) 06.03.2017 Osaka, Japan Mondada Lorenza;
10th CA-day Talk given at a conference Multimodaliy, mobility and sequence organization: questions on the move 19.12.2016 Loughborough, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Mondada Lorenza;
Copenhagen Multimodal Day Talk given at a conference Body and Mobility in Interaction: Talking on the move 18.11.2016 Copenhagen, Denmark Mondada Lorenza;
Workshop: Participatory democracy. Individual talk Asking Questions and Doing Other Actions in Political Debates: How citizens manage to speak in public. 16.09.2016 Basel, Switzerland van Schepen Nynke;
Workshop: Participatory democracy. Individual talk Practices of Repair in Participatory Democracy Meeting. 16.09.2016 Basel, Switzerland Svensson Hanna;
Workshop: Participatory democracy. Individual talk Press conferences held by an immigrants’ protest movement. Its hybrid format and its implications for the movement’s public recognisability as a protest movement. 16.09.2016 Basel, Switzerland Keel Sara;
7th Conference of the International Society for Gesture Studies Conference Talk given at a conference Gestures conveying possible upcoming problematic issues. 18.07.2016 Paris, France van Schepen Nynke;
7th Conference of the International Society for Gesture Studies Conference Talk given at a conference Extending a forefinger: One way to publicly indicate a corrective action. 18.07.2016 Paris, France Svensson Hanna;
Trascrivere e visualizzare linguaggio, tempo, azione e corpo: un progetto sperimentale Approcci linguistici all’interazione Individual talk A visual turn in linguistics? Uses of video for studying language 14.04.2016 Rome, Italy Mondada Lorenza;
CA's theoretical and methodological Framework Individual talk The Challenges of Multimodality 03.03.2016 Helsinki, Finland Mondada Lorenza;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Workshop: Multimodality 06.02.2017 Osaka, Japan
Workshop: Interpreting in social interaction. The organization of participation within interpreted interactions 13.06.2016 Helsinki, Finland
Workshop: Revisiting Goffman. Participation framework, interactional space and mobility 24.05.2016 Helsinki, Finland
Workshop: MOBSING6 (Mobility in Social Interactions), Mobile Participation 04.05.2016 Hanko, Finland
Workshop: Multimodality. Walking in interaction 23.03.2016 Tokyo, Japan
Workshop: Knowledge in Social interaction. Embodied knowledge 20.03.2016 Tokyo, Japan

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Obama’s grace, exhibited at the Kitchen Gallery, New York International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Obama’s grace, exhibited at ZKM Karlsruhe International 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
144376 Speaking in public: Social interactions within larger groups. Contributions from a conversation analytic multimodal perspective 01.03.2013 Project funding

Abstract

This project (called SpIP-2 2016-2017, 18 months) constitutes the continuation of the previous one, still on-going (called SpIP-1 2013-2016, 3 years). SpIP-1 is being currently developed with success and very rich outputs, and 2 dissertations are being written. SpIP-1 also has represented considerable work of the team on an evolving corpus: this opens up new exciting topics of study, to be developed in SpIP-2. Importantly, SpIP-2 also concerns the completion of the 2 dissertations, which, given the amount of work and outputs of SpIP-1, will be almost finished but not entirely completed at the end of SpIP-1.SpIP-1 has offered an extensive study of a video corpus documenting a participatory project in urban planning concerning the transformation of a military site into a public park in the centre of the city of Lyon in France. This form of participatory democracy involves meetings with citizens, associations, and interest groups, the sharing of information gathered among various kinds of experts, exchanges with political representatives at various levels, discussions, and brainstorming sessions with the citizens, in which they elaborate proposals for the park, discuss plans and critically inspect the work in progress on the construction site. This kind of public and civic process represents an exemplary site for the study of institutional social interactions, of public speech both by novices and professionals, and of the collective elaboration of ideas. Adopting the approach of Conversation Analysis, the SpIP-1 project, according to the initial plan, has investigated the specific organization of these meetings, by focusing on turn-taking procedures (the way in which the right to talk is orchestrated among the numerous participants of the meetings) and on practices through which citizen elaborate proposals, discuss them, express and negotiate agreements and disagreements. These analyses also raise and respond to more general and innovative issues, such as the organization of talk in interaction in larger groups of participants; the institutional organization of opportunities to participate and the local and interactional definition of what ‘participation’ means; the multimodal (i.e. taking into account language, gesture, gaze, body postures, embodied manipulation of objects, and the arrangements of bodies in the environment) analysis of meetings including the embodied and visible practices for grasping turns and organizing actions, and the collective manipulation of texts and plans. Moreover, SpIP-1 has offered innovative insights about the longitudinal study of interactional processes, since the corpus studied covers 8 years of debates. The success of SpIP-1 has opened new important avenues for researching these phenomena, thanks to the collection of new data. SpIP-1 began as a project based on an initial video corpus collected by the PI between 2008 and 2012, covering the launching of the participatory consultation of citizens, the initial debates and collective ateliers on the plans with the architect. During SpIP-1 new data were collected in 2013-2014, concerning an important new phase of the project, the implementation of the plans in an emerging construction site, until its partial opening. This evolution of the corpus, following the evolution of a long-time urban project, opens up new interesting questions: the participatory procedure has evolved from debating about the park as a discursive object (2008-2009), to the park as an object ‘in the planning’ (2012 on) and as a built environment critically inspected by the citizens (2013 on). On this basis, SpIP-2 aims first at completing the data collection (until the complete opening of the park, in 2016 or early 2017) in such a way to produce a total video interactional documentation of a participatory process lasting for almost 10 years - which represents an absolute novum not only in Conversation Analysis but broadly in the social sciences. Second, SpIP-2 aims at the study - not yet conceivable in SpIP-1 - of how discussions about the park evolve during its appropriation by the citizens not only as an idea, but as an emerging material object. More precisely, these new analyses concern a) different facets of the longitudinal development of the debates, b) an important focus on the various materialities and spatialities involved in the collective elaboration of the urban project, such as plans and other visualizations, and the in fieri material architectural realization, c) the mobile apprehension of the park in the critical inspections by the citizens in visits of construction site with the architect, in historical visits organized by and for citizens, as well as in their everyday use of the partially - and then totally - opened park. These new foci constitute innovative contributions to contemporary important topics in Conversation Analysis and more broadly in linguistics, sociology and anthropology, concerning the interactional organization of institutionality, history, multimodality and mobility.
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