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The extraterritorial protection of animals: Admissibility and possibilities of the application of national animal welfare standards to animals in foreign countries

English title The extraterritorial protection of animals: Admissibility and possibilities of the application of national animal welfare standards to animals in foreign countries
Applicant Blattner Charlotte
Number 159022
Funding scheme Doc.CH
Research institution Juristische Fakultät Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Legal sciences
Start/End 01.03.2015 - 31.03.2019
Approved amount 132'651.00
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Keywords (3)

international law; animal law; extraterritorial jurisdiction

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die moderne Tierindustrie ist gekennzeichnet durch internationale Produktionsstätten, die Marktdominanz multinationaler Unternehmen und deren hohe Mobilität. Moralische Überzeugungen der Bevölkerung eines Staates (beispielsweise die Abneigung der europäischen Bevölkerung gegen Robbenschlachtungen) führen bereits heute zahlreiche Staaten dazu, verschärfte Tierschutzstandards mit extraterritorialen Wirkungen zu erlassen. Obwohl die extraterritoriale Jurisdiktion in vielen Rechtsgebieten (vor allem im öffentlichen Wirtschaftsrecht und im Strafrecht) ausgeübt wird, ist weitgehend unerforscht, wie und in welchem Umfang es sich im Hinblick auf den Tierschutz verhält.
Lay summary

In ihren Grundzügen behandelt das Dissertationsprojekt die völkerrechtlichen territorialen Grenzen staatlicher Kompetenz zur Normsetzung im Bereich des Tierschutzrechts. Das Dissertationsprojekt positioniert sich somit an der Schnittstelle von Völkerrecht und Tierrecht.

Erstens soll analysiert werden, inwieweit das internationale Recht die Lehre der Jurisdiktion beherrscht. Es werden dabei das Verhältnis der Jurisdiktion zur Souveränität, sowie Jurisdiktionsformen, -typen und –strukturen erarbeitet. Darauf aufbauend wird eine umfassende Definition und Konzeptualisierung der „Extraterritorialität“ verfolgt.

Zweitens wird untersucht, welche Möglichkeiten im Völkerrecht bestehen, um nationale Tierschutzstandards auf Tiere im Ausland anzuwenden. Im theoretischen Optionenspektrum wird dabei differenziert zwischen direkt extraterritorialen Bestimmungen und (intra-)territorialen Bestimmungen mit extraterritorialer Wirkung.

Drittens wird erörtert, welche spezifischen Inhalte (Regulierungsumfang und –dichte) den extraterritorialen Tierschutzstandards zukommen.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 16.02.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Rethinking the 3Rs: From Whitewashing to Rights
Blattner Charlotte (2019), Rethinking the 3Rs: From Whitewashing to Rights, in Herrmann Kathrin, Jayne Kimberley (ed.), Brill, Leiden, 168-193.
Extraterritoriale Jurisdiktion und Tierarbeit: Perspektiven einer globalisierten Ethik
Blattner Charlotte (2018), Extraterritoriale Jurisdiktion und Tierarbeit: Perspektiven einer globalisierten Ethik, in Reder Michael, Filipović Alexander, Wallacher Johannes, Finkelde Dominik (ed.), Verlag Karl Alber, Freiburg, 305-338.
Tackling Concentrated Animal Agriculture in the Middle East through Standards of Investment, Export Credits, and Trade
Blattner Charlotte (2018), Tackling Concentrated Animal Agriculture in the Middle East through Standards of Investment, Export Credits, and Trade, in Middle East Law and Governance, 10(2), 141-159.
Can Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Help Overcome Regulatory Gaps of Animal Law? Insights from Trophy Hunting
BlattnerCharlotte (2017), Can Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Help Overcome Regulatory Gaps of Animal Law? Insights from Trophy Hunting, in American Journal of International Law Unbound, 111, 419-424.
The Human Animal Bond: 3R for Farmed Animals
Blattner Charlotte (2017), The Human Animal Bond: 3R for Farmed Animals, in Blanco Chiara & Deering Bel (ed.), Interdisciplinary Press, Oxford, 269-291.
The Potential and Potential Limits of International Law in Regulating Animal Matters
Blattner Charlotte (2017), The Potential and Potential Limits of International Law in Regulating Animal Matters, in Mid-Atlantic Journal on Law and Public Policy, 3, 10-55.
Zulässigkeit von Beschränkungen des Handels mit tierquälerisch hergestellten Pelzprodukten
VanessaGerritsen, RüttimannAndreas, BlattnerCharlotte (2017), Zulässigkeit von Beschränkungen des Handels mit tierquälerisch hergestellten Pelzprodukten, Schulthess, Zürich.
Zulassigkeit von Beschrankungen des Handels mit tierqualerisch hergestellten Pelzprodukten
RüttimannAndreas, GerritsenVanessa, Blattner Charlotte (2017), Zulassigkeit von Beschrankungen des Handels mit tierqualerisch hergestellten Pelzprodukten, in Tierethik, 15(2), 56-85.
An Assessment of Recent Trade Law Developments from an Animal Law Perspective: Trade Law as the Sheep in the Wolf’s Clothing?
Blattner Charlotte (2016), An Assessment of Recent Trade Law Developments from an Animal Law Perspective: Trade Law as the Sheep in the Wolf’s Clothing?, in Animal Law Review , 22(2), 277-310.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International University College of Turin, “Food, Law and Finance Curriculum,” Turin Individual talk Global Animal Law and Multiculturalism 13.06.2018 Turin, Italy Blattner Charlotte;
10th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences Talk given at a conference Can Harm-Benefit Analyses Mature into Less Structurally Biased Concepts to Meet Societal Demands for Replacement? 20.08.2017 Seattle, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
International University College of Turin, “Food, Law and Finance Curriculum,” Turin, Individual talk Introduction to Global Animal Law 28.06.2017 Turin, Italy Blattner Charlotte;
Harvard Workshop on Animal Agriculture from the Middle East to Asia Talk given at a conference Tackling Concentrated Animal Agriculture in the Middle East through Standards of Investment, Export Credits, and Trade 11.05.2017 Harvard Law School, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
Student Animal Legal Defense Fund, Center for Animal Law Studies, Lewis & Clark Law School, Individual talk An Introduction to Global Animal Law 27.10.2016 Portland OR, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
LL.M. Class, Center for Animal Law Studies, Lewis & Clark Law School Individual talk The Extraterritorial Protection of Animals 24.10.2016 Portland OR, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
Pace University, “Animal Law Conference” Talk given at a conference Animal Law Beyond Borders: Terra Incognita 09.10.2016 New York NY, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
Animal Law Conference, Pace University Talk given at a conference Animal Law Beyond Borders: Terra Incognita 07.09.2016 Pace University, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
Animal Law Review Symposium, Lewis & Clark Law School Talk given at a conference An Assessment of Recent Trade Law Developments from an Animal Law Perspective – With a Focus on the GATT, the TBT, and the SPS 11.03.2016 Portland OR, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
Animal Law Review Symposium, Lewis & Clark Law School, Portland OR Talk given at a conference An Assessment of Recent Trade Law Developments from an Animal Law Perspective – With a Focus on the GATT, the TBT, and the SPS 11.03.2016 Portland OR, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;
Effective Altruism Foundation, University of Basel, “Effective Altruism Global X” Talk given at a conference Effective Altruism in Legal Scholarship (With a Focus on Animal Law) 05.09.2015 Basel, Switzerland Blattner Charlotte;
Arbeitskreis junger Völkerrechtlerinnen, “International Law and Domestic Law-Making Processes” Poster The Paradoxical Contribution of Trade Law to the Formation of Global Animal Law: The Sheep in the Wolf’s Clothing? 04.09.2015 Basel, Switzerland Blattner Charlotte;
The International Society of Public Law ICON-S Conference 2015, “Public Law in an Uncertain World” Talk given at a conference How Animal Law Formed at the Intersection of International Public and Trade Law Brings about Institutional Change 03.07.2015 New York, United States of America Blattner Charlotte;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Other activities Extraterritorialität im Bereich Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte: Extraterritoriale Rechtsanwendung und Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland International Western Switzerland 2016
Other activities Fundamental Rights for Primates: Policy Paper by Sentience Politics, Effective Altruism Foundation German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland International Italian-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2016

Awards

Title Year
First price by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Agrarrecht (DGAR, German Society for Agricultural Law) for the PhD “The Extraterritorial Protection of Animals”, EUR 2.000.- (Sept. 27, 2017) 2017

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
186580 Protecting Animals Within and Across Borders: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction and the Challenges of Globalization 01.03.2019 Open Access Books

Abstract

This research project is a dissertation at the intersection of international law and animal law. The thesis is supervised by Prof. Anne Peters, University of Basel, and co-supervised by Prof. Christine Kaufmann, University of Zurich, and, as a third member of the phD committee, by an specialist in animal law. The thesis is embedded in the doctoral program “Law and Animals - Ethics at Crossroads” of the Law Faculty of the University of Basel. The program does not provide funding but encourages applications for scholarships.In light of the corporate multinational activity, corporate relocations, and the dispersion of production steps in the animal industry (agriculture, food, clothing, medical research, etc.) over various states’ territories, it is increasingly unclear which state is competent to regulate which production steps involving animal welfare. As the industry is remarkably mobile, states are sensitive to threats of corporate relocations. Moral and ethical convictions of one state’s population (for example the European public’s hostility to seal slaughter) might lead some states or regulatory entities (such as the European Union) to adopt stricter legal standards of animal welfare with extraterritorial effects. It is therefore important to study the limits which international law places on the nation states’ extraterritorial jurisdiction. Although states exercise extraterritorial jurisdiction in many fields of law (notably competition law, banking law, and criminal law), it is largely unknown to what extent this is happening with regard to animal welfare, and the international legal principles governing this field have never been studied.The thesis aims to provide answers to the following central research questions:1)What are the legal options under international law for a state to apply national animal welfare standards to animals situated in foreign countries?2)What is the specific content of “animal welfare standards” which might be imposed in an extraterritorial way?The questions are approached by the classic (international) legal, and thus hermeneutic methods. I will identify the relevant customary and conventional rules, and notably examine to what extent the principles developed in other fields of law are transferrable to animal regulation. The pertinent international norms are interpreted according to the acknowledged principles of interpretation as endorsed in articles 31 and 32 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. The method is doctrinal, and includes teleologic, historical, and systematic considerations.
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